The Solid Carbon Project, led by Ocean Networks Canada, aims to use the ocean as a resource to fight climate change by removing carbon dioxide (CO2) from the air. The project aims to capture CO2 through direct air capture technology powered by wind turbines located in the ocean. The captured CO2 would then be injected into basalt rock formations, where it would react and eventually turn into rock over 10 to 25 years. This technology, which would be the first of its kind in Canada, is considered durable and long-lasting. The project is focusing on the Cascadia Basin, located southwest of Vancouver Island, which has the capacity to store a significant amount of CO2. A feasibility study is currently underway, and the next step would be a demonstration project to secure $60 million in funding. Offshore carbon capture is not new, but the project would be unique in its use of basalt as the final storage destination. Challenges include the high cost of capturing and transporting CO2 and ensuring the project is economically viable. The project would rely on wind power and has been deemed technically feasible. Environmental studies are crucial before the project begins to address any potential risks.
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