According to a report by the United Nations, the number of Afghan refugees worldwide has increased from 5.7 million to 6.1 million. Iran and Pakistan are hosting the majority of Afghan refugees, with 90% of them being hosted in these two countries. The global number of refugees has doubled in the past seven years, reaching a total of 35.8 million by the end of June 2023. In addition to refugees, there are 5.5 million people in refugee-like situations and 5.3 million others in need of international protection.
The report also highlights that the number of people displaced by war, persecution, violence, and human rights violations has risen to 110 million by the end of June 2023. This number is estimated to have exceeded 114 million by September, which is a record figure. The main drivers of displacement in the first half of 2023 were conflicts in Ukraine, Sudan, Myanmar, the Democratic Republic of Congo, and a humanitarian crisis in Afghanistan.
The report emphasizes that low-income countries are hosting a disproportionately large share of the world’s displaced people, despite having limited resources. These countries represent only 9% of the global population but host 16% of refugees. The countries hosting the most refugees are Iran, Turkiye, Germany, Colombia, and Pakistan.
The report calls for better cooperation among nations to end conflicts, prevent displacement, and facilitate the return of displaced people to their homes. It also highlights the increase in individual asylum applications, with over 1.7 million applications registered in the first six months of 2023, marking a more than 50% increase compared to the previous year.
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