On October 1, 1949, Mao Zedong declared the independence of modern China, called the People’s Republic of China (PRC). In the early years, China faced many challenges, including a war with Japan and the Kuomintang party. The Kuomintang was forced to retreat to Taiwan and established the Republic of China (ROC). Western countries recognized Taiwan as a sovereign state and ignored mainland China.
China struggled to feed its people and received little international support. Pakistan was one of the few countries that recognized and supported China. In 1971, Pakistan organized a secret visit by US National Security Advisor Henry Kissinger to Beijing, which laid the foundation for the recognition of China by the US and its restoration of a permanent seat in the UN Security Council.
China’s economic growth was fueled by Deng Xiaoping’s reforms in the 1980s, which turned the country into an economic giant. In 2021, China achieved its first centennial goal of eradicating absolute poverty. The government invested heavily in poverty alleviation and provided support to rural communities. China also responded to the global pandemic by establishing facilities to manufacture medical supplies and developing its own vaccine.
China has made remarkable advancements in science, technology, defense, space travel, and medical research. It has also proposed the Global Security Initiative (GSI), which aims to address security challenges and promote cooperation. China emphasizes inclusiveness and cooperation with other countries.
In conclusion, China’s achievements in poverty alleviation, economic development, and global cooperation are commendable. The GSI and other initiatives demonstrate China’s commitment to solving global challenges and promoting peace and development.
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