European Union regulators have warned Elon Musk that X (formerly known as Twitter) contains a high amount of misinformation and disinformation. According to a report by TrustLab, X has the largest ratio of mis/disinformation compared to other platforms like Facebook. The report also found that posts containing misinformation and disinformation are more discoverable on X. However, in terms of engagement, X has lower engagement with misinformation and disinformation content compared to TikTok, YouTube, and Facebook.
X had previously signed up to comply with the EU’s Code of Practice on Disinformation but withdrew from the agreement in May 2023. The EU criticized X for not providing enough data in its initial report. The Code of Practice is voluntary for now but is seen as a precursor to the EU’s new Digital Services Act, which X and other large online platforms will have to fully comply with next year.
The EU has warned X that it must comply with the Code of Practice and will be monitored closely. Failure to comply may result in fines of up to 6% of X’s global turnover. Other tech giants like Google, Microsoft, and Meta have reported their efforts to fight disinformation, such as rejecting political ads and blocking fake accounts.
The EU also highlighted efforts to combat misinformation about Russia’s war in Ukraine, with Google removing YouTube channels linked to Russia’s Internet Research Agency and TikTok fact-checking and removing videos.
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