President Biden will hold a summit at Camp David with Japanese Prime Minister Fumio Kishida and South Korean President Yoon Suk Yeol to strengthen the alliance between the three nations. This marks the first time foreign leaders have been invited to Camp David for a stand-alone session. Despite historical animosities between Japan and South Korea, recent moves towards reconciliation by President Yoon have created an opportunity for a closer partnership. The leaders will sign a “commitment to consult” agreement, treating any security threat to one of them as a threat to all and requiring mutual discussions on a response. They will also enhance cooperation on ballistic missile defense, increase military exercises, and establish a trilateral hotline. While the alliance has its limits, with Japan declining to join a nuclear weapons agreement, the three countries’ convergence has displeased China. China sees it as an attempt to contain its rise. The alliance is significant in the face of China’s increasing assertiveness and Russia’s closer ties with China. President Biden has made China a central focus of his foreign policy and aims to strengthen partnerships in the Indo-Pacific region.
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