The rise of TikTok, a social media platform owned by Chinese tech giant ByteDance, has added a new dimension to geopolitical power contests. The success of TikTok exemplifies China’s technological prowess and the global impact of its digital innovations. However, both the Trump and Biden administrations have scrutinized TikTok and ByteDance for potential national security risks, as critics worry that user data could be accessed by the Chinese government under Chinese law. TikTok also highlights the struggle for a new world order in cyberspace and the need for data governance. Data has become a crucial resource in the digital economy, and cyberspace is quickly emerging as a geopolitical domain akin to land, sea, air, and outer space. However, competition in cyberspace for influence over the economy, society, and military affairs is redefining the concept of national sovereignty. Moreover, the rivalry between the United States and China extends beyond technology, encompassing issues such as individual privacy, data security, and the cross-border flow of data. The prevailing internet governance, led by the United States, adheres to a multistakeholder approach emphasizing freedom, transparency, and inclusivity. Conversely, China’s digital governance model advocates for strong state control based on the principle of “cyberspace sovereignty.”

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By hassani

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