Tigers used to be found all over Asia, with around 100,000 of them at the beginning of the 20th century. However, their numbers dropped drastically, and by 2006, there were only 1,411 tigers left in India. Thankfully, conservation efforts have helped increase the tiger population in India to 3,167 in 2022, which is about 70% of the world’s wild tiger population.
India’s success in increasing its tiger population is a big win for conservationists and offers hope for other countries trying to protect their wildlife. The Indian government launched Project Tiger in 1973 to help save the species, and it has been celebrating its 50th anniversary.
Tigers started to disappear because of human activities like agriculture, deforestation, and infrastructure, which destroyed their habitats. Today, tigers only live on 7% of the land they used to occupy. This has led to conflicts between humans and tigers, as well as other endangered animals like elephants.
India has faced many challenges in trying to save its tigers, including a growing population and illegal poaching. To help protect the tigers, the government has created 53 tiger reserves, relocated villages, and used technology like drones and cameras to monitor the animals.
There are still many challenges ahead, such as climate change and illegal poaching, but India’s success in increasing its tiger population is encouraging. The country is now sharing its conservation practices with other countries that have declining tiger numbers, like Thailand, Cambodia, Malaysia, Bangladesh, and Bhutan.
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