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    China China

    Chinese Economic & Social Affairs

    11 workers confirmed alive under flooded mine in central China

    07-08-2012

    LEIYANG, Hunan, July 8 (Xinhua) -- Rescuers confirmed early Sunday that 11 of the 16 trapped miners were alive three days after they became trapped under a flooded colliery pit in central China's Hunan province.

    Medical personnel had gone into the pit carrying stretchers and first-aid material, said the rescuers, adding that the 11 miners would be saved out of the pit in three groups and rushed to hospital for further treatment.

    Sixteen miners were trapped in a pit of Qielichong colliery in Sandu township, Leiyang city, following a mine flood at 6 p.m. Wednesday. Of the 40 people working in the pit, 24 managed to escape.

    But the accident was not reported to the local government until Thursday morning, which delayed the start of the rescue operation by almost 12 hours, according to local officials.

    Six professional teams of 90 members and more than 1,000 people were at the scene to carry out rescue operations.

    The mine owner, Liu Yaping, is under police custody.

    CNTV

    UPDATE:

    Three rescued from flooded mine in C China


    The first group of three miners were lifted to ground early Sunday after being trapped for over three days under a flooded colliery pit in central China's Hunan province, rescuers said.

    The three mine workers were pulled out of a pit of Qielichong colliery in Leiyang city, at about 1:40 a.m. and were immediately sent to a local hospital, the rescue headquarters said in a statement.



    Rescuers carry a trapped miner out of a flooded colliery pit at the Qielichong colliery in Leiyang, Central China's Hunan province, July 8, 2012. [Photo: Xinhua]

    Eleven of the 16 trapped miners were cofirmed alive underground Saturday night. Many of the remaining eight workers suffered injuries and were under first-aid treatment underground before being pulled out.

    Medical personnel had gone into the pit carrying stretchers and first-aid material.

    The colliery flooding occurred at about 6 p.m. Wednesday when 40 miners were working underground. Of all, 24 manged to escape.

    But the accident was not reported to the local government until Thursday morning, which delayed the start of the rescue operation by almost 12 hours, according to local authorities.

    Six professional teams of 90 members and more than 1,000 people were at the scene to carry out rescue operations.

    China.org.cn
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    Last edited by Greater China; 8th July 2012 at 05:32.

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    China China
    Half-year auto sales remain in fast lane

    July 07, 2012



    A boy is tries out a new car model at the Fourth New Eurasia Land Bridge International Auto Expo held last month in Lianyungang, Jiangsu province. Total sales of cars, sport utility vehicles, multi-purpose vehicles and minivans reached more than 7 million units in the first six months in China, up 5.6 percent year-on-year. Wang Jianmin / For China Daily

    But analysts warn further city restrictions will damage the industry

    A strong June has ended a solid six-month sales performance by China's passenger vehicle manufacturing industry, with year-on-year growth of 5.6 percent.

    But analysts warned that the sector still faces an uphill task long-term to maintain targets, if recent automobile sales caps announced in Guangzhou and three other cities are repeated by more cities across the country.

    Total national sales of cars, sports utility vehicles, multi-purpose vehicles and minivans reached 7,009,117 units in the first six months in China, boosted by strong monthly sales of 1,148,873 units in June alone, which saw 12.4 percent growth from a year earlier, the China Passenger Car Association revealed on Friday.



    "Passenger car sales in July are expected to grow by 15 percent from a waning market performance last July.

    "The market recovery in the first half promises higher sales in the next six months," said Rao Da, secretary-general of the association.

    "And we still stick to our previous forecast of a 10 percent year-on-year growth for China's passenger vehicle market in 2012. The year's overall automobile sales, including commercial vehicles, are expected to reach 19.8 million units, an increase of around 7 percent on last year."

    His optimistic note on China's vehicle market in the second half was echoed by Kevin Wale, president and managing director of the General Motors China Group.

    "Despite signs of slowing economic growth in China, demand for General Motors products rose in all key segments in the first half of the year," said Wale. "We expect sales growth to remain steady in the second half, driven by demand in China's interior provinces."

    The US conglomerate, also the largest foreign automaker in China by sales, reported a new record market performance for the first half in its biggest country market, on Thursday, as its sales in China from January to June rose 11.3 percent from last year's previous record for the period to 1,417,047 units.

    Japanese automaker Mazda Motor Corp said on Friday that its sales of 103,991 units in the first half in China gained only 1 percent from the previous year, while German luxury vehicle brand Audi reported sales of 193,871 cars in its largest market during the same period, a rise of 37.8 percent.

    However, the suddenly released car sales curbs by Guangzhou on June 30 has surprised the industry.

    Starting from July no more than 10,000 new vehicles in the city will be granted license plates every month, said the local government.

    Guangzhou is the fourth city to limit car purchases by clamping down on vehicle registrations, following Beijing, Shanghai and Guiyang in Guizhou province.

    Cui Dongshu, deputy secretary-general of China Passenger Car Association, said the car sales curb in Guangzhou will not have "a heavy impact" on domestic vehicle sales in the mid-term.

    He added: "We are worried that more cities will follow the trend as environmental and traffic problems worsen in many Chinese big cities."

    Jia Xinguang, an independent auto analyst based in Beijing, agreed with Cui.

    "The sales cap in Beijing has dragged on national sales by 3 percentage points. If other big cities, like Hangzhou, Tianjin, and Nanjing all follow suit, China's vehicle market will stop its growth in the coming years."

    According to auto industry analysis by China International Capital Corp Ltd, the sales curbs in first-tier cities will slow domestic passenger vehicles sales by 3 percent.

    "The sales curbs will have a limited impact on total vehicle sales in the short term, however, they will influence market growth in the longer term," said analyst Zhang Hanyi.

    "The shrinking market will bring more challenges to China's struggling domestic auto brands," added Jia.

    "It will also force the dealerships to think over their future."

    China Daily
    ---

    Chinese and German auto firms strengthen cooperation

    July 07, 2012

    One of China's major privately owned automakers, Great Wall Motors, has signed a strategic cooperation agreement with German auto parts supplier, Hella KGaA Hueck & Co., sources from Great Wall Motors said on Saturday.

    The two sides will strengthen cooperation in the field of auto electronic modules and controlling modules, as well as lighting technology, sources with the two companies said.

    Developing products in accordance with the laws and regulations of the European Union, Great Wall Motors can maintain high competitiveness in its products, said Huang Yong, vice president of Great Wall Motors.

    "We launched technology cooperation with this international high-end auto components company, so as to satisfy the higher demands for our products in the future," Huang added.

    Working with Great Wall Motors will further deepen exchange between the two companies. And Hella will provide competitive technology and services for its partner, and jointly develop the auto industry, said Jan Monnekemeyer, vice president of Hella in China.

    Originally a pick-up truck maker, Great Wall Motors has expanded its product line to sports utility vehicles, buses and sedans. The company went public on the Hong Kong Stock Exchange at the end of 2003 and was listed on the Shanghai Stock Exchange in September 2011.

    Hella is one of the world's largest companies producing and selling automotive parts, with branches in more than 70 cities in over 30 countries across the world.

    It has 10 manufacturing, R&D and administration sites in China, employing more than 4,000 people.

    Xinhua - via Global Times
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    China China
    Why China's success matters to us all

    By John Ross | June 19, 2012

    As the heads of the G20 assembled in Los Cabos, Mexico, for their annual summit, it was clear that four years into the international financial crisis, the policies which have been adopted in an attempt to deal with it by Europe and the US are failing to do so. This is dramatically obvious in Europe, where the European Union has entered a double dip recession and the list of countries sustained solely by economic bailout packages has expanded to include Spain. But the situation in the US is not substantially better, with last quarter's GDP growth an anemic 1.9 percent. To give an overall measure of US economic weakness, average US annual economic growth during the last four years has averaged 0.3 percent and US employment is still 5 million below its pre-crisis peak. China's contrast to the EU and US, with economic growth of over 40 percent over the last four years, could scarcely be more striking.



    How much longer?

    Given these figures, the results of the different economic policies which have been introduced to deal with the financial crisis have been equally clear cut. To summarize:

    • Europe has combined loose monetary policy with no stimulus to the productive economy, resulting in the "austerity" policy. The result of this is that the EU economy has shrunk by 2 percent over four years.

    • The US has combined loose monetary policy with a consumer stimulus delivered via a budget deficit. As a result, the US economy has grown by 1 percent in four years. India, which followed the US model of consumer stimulus, has seen its growth rate decline from 9.4 percent in the first quarter of 2010 to 5.3 percent in the first quarter of 2012.

    • China, which combined expansionary monetary policy with an investment-led stimulus, has experienced an average annual growth rate of 10 percent throughout the financial crisis.

    These different results are very much to be expected, both in terms of economic theory and economic facts, the two coinciding. Economic theory shows that shifts in investment determine fluctuations in the business cycle. Factually, since the beginning of the current economic downturn, investment decline has accounted for all of the economic difficulties in both the US and EU. In inflation adjusted prices the $432 billion expansion in other sectors of the US economy has been dragged down to a very weak overall economic performance by an investment fall of $298 billion. EU GDP has fallen by $282 billion - all of which is accounted for by a $423 billion investment decline. China, therefore, by launching in 2008 a stimulus program focused on investment, was acting in accord with both economic theory and the facts of the global recession. Little wonder then that China's economic policy response was so much more successful than that of other countries!

    Faced with the new world economic slowdown, China should, therefore, have little trouble in dealing with this situation. All the talk of a new stimulus on the scale of 2008's $586 billion package is both unnecessary and undesirable. In 2008 the global economy was plunging into its deepest downturn since World War II, with US GDP falling by 5.1 percent and EU GDP dropping by 5.7 percent. What we are seeing today is very slow growth in the US and a milder recession in Europe than in 2008, not a drastic downward economic plunge. Therefore a new stimulus in China on a similar scale to what we saw in 2008 would be both inappropriate and inflationary. Instead what is called for is a moderate easing of monetary policy, which is made easier as inflation is falling, as weakness in the global economy reduces commodity prices, combined with moderate stimulus to China's productive economy.

    In present conditions such a stimulus should have both consumer and investment components. The reason for this is that overall large increases in investment are difficult to manage efficiently and since 2008 China has seen a very significant investment increase. This indicates that further sharp increases should be avoided at present and the consumer side of a stimulus should be given greater weight than in 2008. Nevertheless, overall global conditions are currently negative for investment and therefore, as a precaution, some limited measures to sustain investment are required.

    Objectively, China does not now require measures of the scale and complexity as those which were required in 2008. Such measures were necessary in 2008 due to the worst global economic downturn for eighty years, and since such a scale of measures are not necessary now, no great economic problems should develop. Regrettably, though, major elementary economic errors have recently appeared in analyses in some quarters regarding China's economic policy. If such analyses were acted upon, unnecessary economic problems could ensue.

    Some statements stemming from such analyses have made the elementary economic mistake of confusing a high rate of growth of consumption, which is necessary to increase living standards, with raising the percentage of consumption in GDP - which, if it reduces investment - will slow economic growth over the longer term and therefore lead to lower living standards than are possible.

    Contradictory policies which call for greater environmental protection while also lowering the level of investment have also been advocated. In fact, environmental protection will require a higher level of investment. For example, non-polluting power stations and energy supplies are more expensive than polluting energy sources, while necessary environmental measures such as reforestation require large-scale investments and have long payback periods.

    Confused ideas have been expressed that what must be focused on is the micro-efficiency of investment. However, economic theory, international experience in Asia's most successful economies, and basic arithmetic all show that maintaining the level of investment may be more important for high living standards than micro-efficiency - if the efficiency of investment is raised by 10 percent but its level falls by 20 percent people will be worse, not better off!

    Attempts to implement policy based on such elementary economic errors would inevitably lead to a worsening of China's economic performance, which would damage both China and the global economy.

    Thirty-four years ago China embarked on economic policies shaped by one of the greatest economic geniuses in human history - Deng Xiaoping. Eventually codified as a "socialist market economy", these policies have produced the greatest economic growth and the most rapid increase in living standards ever experienced by such a large number of people in human history. During that period these policies have repeatedly seen off attempts to overturn them by those who wished to return China to its pre-reform policies. Given the elementary character of the economic mistakes made by those who wish China to adopt the policies which are currently failing so spectacularly in both Europe and the US, it is to be hoped that Deng Xiaoping's theories are equally successful in seeing off attempts to overturn them from another direction.

    China's macroeconomic management in the last four years, as in the previous 30 years, has shown itself to be easily the world's most successful. China's economic growth during the international financial crisis has strongly aided both China itself and the rest of the world. It is in everyone's interests, not only China's, that this continues.

    The author is a columnist with China.org.cn. For more information please visit: http://www.china.org.cn/opinion/johnross.htm
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    China China
    Party chief calls for ‘iron fist’ against Ugyhur terrorism

    By Xuyang Jingjing | 2012-7-6



    In the wake of a recent plane hijacking attempt, the Party chief of the Xinjiang Ugyhur Autonomous Region urged soldiers to keep vigilant against hostile forces while overseeing a counter-terrorism drill ahead of the third anniversary of the July 5 riot.

    Zhang Chunxian, secretary of the Xinjiang regional committee of the Communist Party of China, asked the soldiers Wednesday to strike the separatists, extremists, and terrorists with "iron fists."

    "We should leave the terrorists no place to hide," said Zhang.

    During the drill, soldiers demonstrated special skills such as climbing walls with their bare hands and shooting cardboard "terrorists" with a single shot without harming hostages, according to the regional government's website.

    Within seconds, soldiers in dark uniforms and heavily armed broke into rooms on the fifth floor of a building to dispose of explosives and rescue hostages.

    They also showcased weapons, communications equipment, devices for security inspection and explosive disposal, as well as safety and transportation equipment.

    While commending the police forces for contributing to stability and public security in Xinjiang, Zhang said although the region's overall situation remains stable and controllable, it still faces severe challenges and the basis of its stability is fragile.

    In recent years, terrorist attacks and violence in Xinjiang have been on the rise and most prominently connected with overseas forces, experts said.

    "From the timing of these terrorist activities, it seems that overseas separatist groups such as the World Uyghur Congress are closely related to the domestic attacks," explained Li Wei, director of the Center for Counter-Terrorism Studies at the China Institute of Contemporary International Relations.

    The authorities have put great emphasis on building counter-terrorism forces in Xinjiang and they have played an important role, said Li.

    The Urumqi-based counter-terrorism forces were formed in the 1990s when separatists and religious extremists engaged in various terrorist activities such as explosions, assassinations and arson in the region.

    Li said that compared with the 1990s, there are more suicide terrorist attacks now.

    "Unlike remotely detonated bombs or poisoning, terrorists now attack in broad daylight and throw their own lives on the line," said Li. "Therefore, the situation is more dangerous and more difficult, which requires the special forces to enhance their skills and capabilities, such as rapid response and intelligence collecting."

    On July 5, 2009, Xinjiang saw the worst outbreak of violence in decades when riots incited by overseas groups broke out in Urumqi. Nearly 200 people were killed and about 1,700 injured.

    In the southern area of Hotan, 18 people attacked a local police station in July last year, killing three people and injuring two. Earlier last month, local police also cracked down on an illegal Koran teaching site that was holding 59 children.

    In the most recent case, six alleged terrorists carrying explosives attempted to hijack a plane from Hotan to Urumqi on June 29. The attempt was foiled by the passengers, several of whom were police officers.

    Xinjiang has listed fighting terrorism as one of its top priorities.

    Zhang said earlier that the main task of anti-terrorism work for this year entails setting a standard procedure for police confronting terrorist attackers, fighting resolutely against religious extremism, and boosting law enforcement personnel stationed in communities and villages, according to the Xinhua News Agency.

    Xinjiang has also been boosting its police numbers. Since 2008, Xinjiang has recruited over 3,000 special police officers.

    Global Times
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    China China
    Struggle for "sexual liberation" fuels reactionary attitudes

    By Fu Qiang | 2012-6-29



    A woman holds a sign reading "I can be coquettish, but you can't harass me" on Shanghai Metro Line 2 on Sunday.

    Last week, the official Weibo account of Shanghai No. 2 Subway Co. posted a snapshot of a girl in a black semi-transparent dress waiting for the subway and commented that, "no wonder you'll be sexually harassed; too many perverts are riding the subway everyday and the subway administrative organization is not able to cope with this. Please respect yourself and dress properly."

    Many people, especially women, found it rather offensive for an official organization to take such a victim-blaming attitude. Experts have commented that the Shanghai metro's tone is overtly patriarchal, and deeply inappropriate for an organization that's supposed to take responsibility for everyone's security, regardless of what clothes they choose to wear.

    Social discussion on women's clothing in public places has grown heated. On June 24, two women staged some "performance art" on the metro to protest the Shanghai metro post. They wore black veils like traditional Muslim women, and held signs which read, "We want coolness, not perverts," and "I can be slutty, but you can't be dirty."

    This time, many netizens did not agree with their behavior and believed they had gone too far. Most people agreed that women should be careful about harassment and pay more attention to dressing "appropriately" in public places, despite the existence of numerous studies showing that how women dress does not affect their chances of being targeted by sexual predators.

    Some people even bizarrely argued that women who wear revealing outfits in public are actually sexually harassing the men who can see them.

    Feminist theorists would classify this as a typical example of "rape culture," the attitudes and double standards that encourage sexual harassment and assault. But rather than being merely reactionary, it can also been seen as an expression of a typically Chinese attitude toward public behavior.

    Admittedly, it's possible that the group of netizens reacting to the counter-demonstration were different people from those who initially criticized the subway's reactionary and sexist attitudes.

    Most of the Chinese public are open to being influenced by feminist ideas and recognize the value of women's rights. But the influence of Confucian tradition, which values reticence and disdains going against the norm, means that people tend to take a critical attitude toward radical forms of protest.

    The sharp contrast in public opinion toward the former and latter issues has shown that segments of public opinion remain critical of radical protests.

    The prevalence of social media has meant both that people have to think twice before criticizing other groups, and that people have become more vehement and expressive about fighting for the rights they deserve. This seemingly contradictory phenomenon can actually be regarded as a form of progress.

    A voluntary cultural awareness has kept the Chinese public from going too far in either side and will probably lead the public to form rational, critical attitudes toward many events in the future.

    Women's rights and the feminist movement have been and continue to be a critical part of creating an open and fair society. But radical forms of protest are not necessarily helpful in pushing forward progressive social ideals.

    This may be a good thing. We should think twice about our own behavior before intruding into other people's sense of public space or propriety. This can actually create a more tolerant and sympathetic social atmosphere.

    Global Times
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    China China
    Chinese vice premier urges anti-poverty efforts in rocky areas

    XINGYI, Guizhou (Xinhua) -- Vice Premier Hui Liangyu on Thursday urged more efforts to spur development in the country's rocky regions, where desertification has led to water shortage, soil erosion and persistent poverty.

    In a conference themed on development in the rocky regions in Guangxi, Guizhou and Yunnan, he called those areas "hard nuts" in China's long-standing campaign against poverty.

    He asked local authorities to establish targeted objectives according to regional characteristics, work on water-conservation projects and accelerate efforts in fighting desertification.

    He said the areas should be given preferential financial and policy support, and urged relavant departments to work out detailed regulations to facilitate development in the regions.

    The government will guide credit and social funds to those areas, the vice premier said.

    Stony desertification in the above-mentioned three provincial regions, found in 15 cities and 91 counties, was the most severe in China.

    More than 50 million people live in the rocky regions.

    People's Daily Online
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    China China
    Corrupt former vice governor expelled from Party

    July 07, 2012



    Tian Xueren

    BEIJING -- Tian Xueren, former vice governor of northeast China's Jilin province, was expelled from the Communist Party of China (CPC) and dismissed from all his posts for "severe disciplinary and law violations," said the Party's disciplinary watchdog on Friday.

    Tian, who was also Party chief and board chairman of the Bank of Jilin, was found to have used his position to seek profits for others and taking "a huge amount of bribes and cash gifts," the CPC Central Commission for Discipline Inspection said in a statement.

    His illegal gains have been confiscated and the case will be referred to prosecutors, according to the statement.

    People's Daily Online
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    Quote Originally Posted by Greater China View Post
    11 workers confirmed alive under flooded mine in central China

    07-08-2012

    LEIYANG, Hunan, July 8 (Xinhua) -- Rescuers confirmed early Sunday that 11 of the 16 trapped miners were alive three days after they became trapped under a flooded colliery pit in central China's Hunan province.

    Medical personnel had gone into the pit carrying stretchers and first-aid material, said the rescuers, adding that the 11 miners would be saved out of the pit in three groups and rushed to hospital for further treatment.

    Sixteen miners were trapped in a pit of Qielichong colliery in Sandu township, Leiyang city, following a mine flood at 6 p.m. Wednesday. Of the 40 people working in the pit, 24 managed to escape.

    But the accident was not reported to the local government until Thursday morning, which delayed the start of the rescue operation by almost 12 hours, according to local officials.

    Six professional teams of 90 members and more than 1,000 people were at the scene to carry out rescue operations.

    The mine owner, Liu Yaping, is under police custody.

    CNTV

    UPDATE:

    Three rescued from flooded mine in C China


    The first group of three miners were lifted to ground early Sunday after being trapped for over three days under a flooded colliery pit in central China's Hunan province, rescuers said.

    The three mine workers were pulled out of a pit of Qielichong colliery in Leiyang city, at about 1:40 a.m. and were immediately sent to a local hospital, the rescue headquarters said in a statement.



    Rescuers carry a trapped miner out of a flooded colliery pit at the Qielichong colliery in Leiyang, Central China's Hunan province, July 8, 2012. [Photo: Xinhua]

    Eleven of the 16 trapped miners were cofirmed alive underground Saturday night. Many of the remaining eight workers suffered injuries and were under first-aid treatment underground before being pulled out.

    Medical personnel had gone into the pit carrying stretchers and first-aid material.

    The colliery flooding occurred at about 6 p.m. Wednesday when 40 miners were working underground. Of all, 24 manged to escape.

    But the accident was not reported to the local government until Thursday morning, which delayed the start of the rescue operation by almost 12 hours, according to local authorities.

    Six professional teams of 90 members and more than 1,000 people were at the scene to carry out rescue operations.

    China.org.cn
    I sincerely hope they get all out safely......
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    Thanking you GC for your informative posts about China. Please keep us updated. What happens in China matters in the world that we live today,
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    China China
    North Korea to send about 40,000 workers to China

    The Standard | July 3, 2012

    North Korea will send about 40,000 of its citizens to work in China. The agreement, which has yet to be publicly announced by either nation, will allow seamstresses, technicians, mechanics, construction workers and miners to work in China on industrial training visas, the Los Angeles Times newspaper reported yesterday, citing unidentified people in business circles as well as analysts.

    It is unprecedented for the mainland to issue work visas for those who are unskilled or semi-skilled, the newspaper said.

    ---

    DPRK students get in sync with technology

    By Wu Yong in Shenyang and Liu Ce in Beijing | 2012-07-14



    BEIJING, July 14 (Xinhuanet) -- What makes Kim Myong-il a bit different from his Chinese schoolmates is his wristwatch.

    Wearing one is an old habit for the 33-year-old student from the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, but almost all of the Chinese students use their cell phones to check the time.

    That's not to say Kim and his fellow DPRK students are out of touch.

    Instead, they are keen chasers of technology and fashion.

    Kim watches If You are the One, a popular Chinese matchmaking TV program and uses a cell phone and a laptop.

    Kim and his DRPK fellows will spend four years at Northeastern University in Shenyang, Liaoning province. They will spend the first year learning Chinese and three more years on their majors.

    Northeastern University started to enroll students from the DPRK's Kim Chaek University of Technology in November 2010.

    There are 96 DPRK students at Northeastern University, making it one of the largest hosts of DPRK students in China.

    There are no public statistics on how many students from the DPRK are studying in China.

    "DPRK students are really diligent and eager to learn. They usually study in groups before and after class," said You Jing, who teaches overseas students Chinese at the university.

    When she teaches Chinese by showing how to write an advertisement for a life partner, the students respond actively.

    "I have seen some Chinese TV matchmaking programs, such as If You Are the One. We don't have such things. Getting married is quite simple in our country and people don't need to advertise for a partner," Kim said.

    "Besides active participation during classes, they always ask me many questions on studying after class," You told China Daily.

    Kim said he can read some Chinese characters. "We just have difficulties in listening and speaking," Kim said.

    Kim, the youngest of the three students China Daily interviewed, won third place in a Chinese speech contest held by the university and won a pair of his-and-hers watches.

    "I will give the ladies watch to my wife as a gift when I go back home," Kim said.

    DPRK students are also very polite, You said.

    "They always greet me or even bow to me as long as they see me. That sometimes makes me a little nervous because most of them are older than I am," said You, who is in her 30s.

    The students enjoy shopping at electronics and wholesale markets, and often go to a barbecue restaurant near campus.

    "The food there is delicious and we enjoy ourselves each time," Kim said.

    The most popular foods among the DPRK students are Chinese liquor and tea.

    Every summer when they return home, they buy a lot of them as presents.

    In Kim's class, there are nine students financed by their country, including Kim. All are teachers at Kim Chaek University of Technology.

    The class is a multinational one, with six students from the Republic of Korea, two from Japan and one from the US.

    You said all the students get along well with each other.

    Ham Kyong-hyok, a DPRK student attending the class, said the international nature of the class is a good thing.

    "My classmates come from different countries with different personalities. Communicating with them is helpful for me to learn more about other countries," said the 43-year-old.

    The DPRK students said they saw China as a home away from home after their initial worries were gone.

    According to Ham, the first time he saw a doctor at the school hospital he couldn't communicate very well in Chinese. Many students gave him a hand and the doctor was also very patient. "I felt so warm," he said.

    The students said they are happy with the living facilities provided by the university.

    "We can watch TV in the dormitory. Moreover, cleaners will clean our rooms regularly," Kim said.

    But they have some complaints.

    "The city is so crowded and the air is not fresh. I even developed throat problems in the first several months," Ham said.

    Yet for these overseas students, China's academic level is the most coveted factor.

    "I want to learn cutting-edge technology. But it seems three years of study is not enough," Kim said.

    He plans to cooperate with his tutor to continue his research on machine tool technology after he goes back to his homeland.

    "Our research capacity will be improved here. And we will teach our students what we have learned when we go back," said O Hyon-gyu, 40, another DPRK student at the university who majors in electrical engineering.

    When asked if their salaries will increase after they obtain doctorates, their answers are almost identical: "We came to China for nothing else but to improve our research ability. If we can make contributions to our motherland, our country will provide us a bigger house or higher incomes."

    China Daily
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    Chinese Govt seeks great boom for aviation industry

    July 14, 2012

    The Chinese aviation industry plans to have 170 billion ton-kilometers of air passenger and freight transport by 2020, which is almost three times 2011′s number, according to an announcement by the central government on Thursday.

    The Several Opinions of the State Council on Promoting the Development of the Aviation Industry includes 19 items that set the aviation industry’s development targets, missions and policies.

    Business insiders said they feel encouraged by the first State-level announcement to promote the aviation industry, although the industry’s growth has slowed since the end of 2010, said Zou Jianjun, professor at the Civil Aviation Management Institute of China’s department of economic management.

    “The announcement is a sign that the State wants to encourage the aviation industry,” Zou said.

    In 2020, airline services should be available to 89 percent of the Chinese population, according to the announcement.

    The transport target can be met by taking advantage of the huge market potential in China, business insiders said.

    Govt seeks sonic boom for aviation industry

    “China’s domestic demand is helping the aviation industry expand continuously,” Tony Tyler, CEO of the International Air Transport Association, said at its annual meeting in Beijing in June.

    Domestic airlines are being encouraged by the central government to expand into the international market and offer global services.

    The industry should place a priority on opening middle- and long-haul routes, as well as international routes connecting China with South America and Africa.

    “International routes might be the industry’s main source of growth, since they have seen quicker expansion than domestic ones recently,” Zou said.

    Statistics from the Civil Aviation Administration of China showed that Chinese airlines’ international routes transported 21.18 million people in 2011, up 9.7 percent from 2010. For domestic routes, the rate of increase was 9.5 percent.

    The industry is also responsible for promoting the use of a new air traffic-control system.

    The general aviation industry also figured prominently in the announcement. Annual flights are to go from taking up 502,700 hours in 2011 to 2 million hours by 2020.

    “China’s market for general aviation is large, especially for new services … such as emergency rescues and business flights,” said Jian Zhuodong, deputy general manager of Zhuhai Helicopter Branch of China Southern Airlines Co Ltd.

    Jian said the company is recruiting more crew members and is preparing to see fast development in the aviation industry in the coming years.

    Even so, the industry has several issues it must deal with, Zou warned.

    “Airspace, the authority’s regulations and the operation of airlines and airports will all affect the development of the aviation industry,” he said.

    If the 10 to 20 percent of airspace that is now controlled for government purposes could be opened to civil aviation, the industry would undergo a boom, Zou added.

    The announcement calls for reforms in the management of airspace.

    “Ensuring the full exploration and efficient use of airspace is the purpose of these reforms,” the announcement said.

    More airports will be built and large airports will be made into aviation hubs, the announcement said.

    The State’s announcement also discussed laws and regulations, training and financial support.

    “We hope all the items in the announcement will be put into practice by the pertinent departments and players and the 2012 goals for the aviation industry can definitely be achieved,” Zou said.

    China Defense Mashup
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    Current Chinese leaders have proved themselves to very effective and great leaders of a great people
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    IAG ‘carefully considers’ the C919

    2012-07 -17 — The International Airlines Group (IAG) signed a memorandum of understanding (MOU) with the Commercial Aircraft Corp. of China (COMAC) to “carefully consider” ordering the Chinese-produced C919 at the Farnborough Airshow.

    According to the MOU, COMAC will set up a joint working group with IAG to conduct cooperation in the fields of technology and operation requirements, regulations, financing and client and product services for the C919.

    According to a COMAC insider, IAG is the first non-Chinese airline to consider ordering the 150-seat aircraft. Last year, Ryanair signed a similar MOU with COMAC (ATW Daily News, Sept. 21, 2011).

    COMAC has received 280 orders for the C919 from customers, including Air China, China Eastern Airlines, China Southern Airlines, Hainan Airlines, Sichuan Airlines, China’s Bank of Communications Financial Leasing Co., China Development Bank Leasing Co., ICBC Financial Leasing Co., China Aircraft Leasing Co., GE Capital Aviation Services and BOC Aviation.

    The C919 entered the final design definition phase last year. Detailed design will be completed this year and the first flight is scheduled for 2014. Type certification is expected by 2016, followed by first delivery. By 2020, COMAC expects to produce 150 C919s annually.

    China Defense Mashup
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    Embraer-AVIC JV to initially produce six Legacy 650s a year

    2012-07-19 — Embraer China expects its joint venture with state-owned Aviation Industry Corporation of China (AVIC) to initially produce six business jets per year, with plans to have capacity for 20.

    Embraer China made the disclosure in an email to Flightglobal following its June 2012 agreement with AVIC to manufacture the Legacy 650 in the country.

    The joint venture, Harbin Embraer Aircraft Industry (HEAI), will convert its assembly line in Harbin, where it assembled the ERJ145 regional jet from 2002 to 2011, into a Legacy 650 facility by 2013.

    “At the beginning stage, the annual production rate would be approximately six aircraft per year and obviously the rate will be based on market demand. Eventually, the maximum capacity would be 20 aircraft per year,” says Embraer China’s president Guan Dongyuan.

    He says the factory will produce jets mainly for the China market, but he also foresees producing aircraft for export.

    Guan believes that HEAI’s business will not be impacted by AVIC’s partnership with American airframer Cessna to develop and produce mid-sized business jets.

    “We don’t see direct competition between the Legacy 650 and what Cessna will produce in China, because they fall in different size categories,” he says. “The product Cessna will produce in China will be in the medium-size category, whereas Harbin Embraer will produce the large-sized Legacy 650, which is the most favoured size category in the China market.”

    The Legacy 650 aircraft can fly up to 3,900nm (7,223km) on routes such as Dubai to London, São Paulo to Miami and Beijing to Moscow.

    In March, Cessna signed an agreement with AVIC to develop and produce medium- and large-cabin business jets in China. Two months later in May, the pair formed a joint venture to perform final assembly, sales and customer support in China for the Caravan single-engined turboprop.

    Cessna and AVIC have yet to detail their plans for medium and large cabin jets.

    China Defense Mashup
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    China allows private investment in defence industries

    2012-07-18 — Defense-related industries will open more to private investors in a “fair and safe manner”, according to an investment guideline unveiled on Thursday.

    Investors and State-owned defense technology enterprises will be treated equally across the board, including licensing and tax, said the guideline, jointly crafted by the State Administration of Science, Technology and Industry for National Defense and the General Armament Department of the People’s Liberation Army.

    The guideline, however, only applies to private investors on the mainland.

    Investors are encouraged to get involved in weapon development and production, the restructuring of State-owned enterprises as well as developing technology for both military and civilian use.

    A catalog detailing the weapons private companies can develop and produce is being revised and will be released later.

    The guideline aims to boost competition in military procurement and some projects will be submitted for open tender.

    The military budget for 2012 is 670 billion yuan ($105 billion).

    The defense industry is potentially lucrative for investors, especially during a period of modernization, insiders said.

    Zhang Hanya, chairman of the Investment Association of China, said that private companies have already been involved in certain defense sectors, including the production of dynamite, clothing and machinery. But private companies face limitations, especially financial, compared with State-owned enterprise, he said.

    “These limitations restrict the role of private companies in the defense industry,” he said.

    “They are mostly suppliers of parts and not involved in major projects like their counterparts in the US.”

    The new policies are “positive”, but it is still too early to say how private companies can really benefit from them, he said.

    “We have to wait and see,” he said.

    The government has been gradually opening up defense-related sectors to private companies.

    Policies supporting private investment in defense were introduced in 2005 and 2010.

    The guideline in 2010 did not set a cap on private investment for a number of key areas, including spacecraft.

    The new guideline reaffirmed this.

    It also highlighted security protocols for private investors in related industries and pledged to boost supervision to safeguard national security.

    China Defense Mashup
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    This competitive approach should help China develop in armaments even quicker
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    China well on way to more balanced economy: analysts

    July 22, 2012

    China's economic growth is expected to rebound in the second half of 2012 and the country is well on the way to achieving more balanced growth, according to analysts in Kuala Lumpur.

    China's National Bureau of Statistics said earlier this month the nation's gross domestic product (GDP) grew 7.6 percent in the second quarter, the lowest growth since the second quarter of 2009.

    However, analysts said the dip was expected and China's economy was likely to grow at a faster pace in the second half of the year, voicing confidence in China's economy.

    Prasenjit Kumar Basu, an economist at leading Malaysian investment bank Maybank Kim Eng, said China's economic growth had rebounded since April.

    "For China, it is important to consider the monthly data, which suggest that the economy reached its cyclical trough in April 2012, and began a modest recovery in the subsequent two months," he told Xinhua in a recent interview.

    In a report published after the announcement of the second quarter GDP data, Basu said the impact of a strong rebound in bank lending in May and June as well as the additional policy rate cut by the central bank might be seen during the rest of the year.

    Maybank Kim Eng maintains its prediction of a real GDP growth of 8 percent for China this year.

    Basu's view was echoed by Anthony Dass, an economist with Malaysian Industrial Development Finance Berhad, an investment research house.

    "The second quarter of 2012 growth was above our expectation and we believe the economy should improve further in the second half of 2012," Dass told Xinhua.

    Basu suggested that a slowdown in growth was actually good for China, as it would help reduce some of the internal imbalances in the economy.

    He praised the Chinese government's bid to restructure the economy by boosting domestic demand while lessening its dependence on external trade and investment.

    "China is well on the way to achieving a more balanced pattern of growth in the medium term, with private consumption playing a more important role," he said.

    Though concerned that the stimulus might worsen the imbalance in near term, Basu said China's current policy of easing monetary policy while retaining the curbs on speculative property purchases was the right mix.

    China's economic performance is closely watched by Malaysian analysts, partly because bilateral trade between the two countries is booming in recent years.

    According to the latest figures from Malaysia's Ministry of International Trade and Industry, China remained Malaysia's biggest import source and trading partner during the first five months of 2012.

    "With the second quarter of 2012 assumed to have reached the 'trough' and expecting upside in the second half of 2012, it should bode well for Malaysia's economy, given that our exposure to China is about 13 percent of GDP in terms of direct trade," Dass said.

    He considered China's focus on domestic consumption a new support for the Malaysian economy.

    "An increase in domestic consumption in China should benefit Malaysia as our exposure to China's household sector is about 16 percent at the moment, while to domestic investment it is about 20 percent," he noted.

    "Hence, when domestic consumption improves, it also means that Malaysia's exposure to China's households is poised to increase to some extent," he said.

    Global Times
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    Senior Chinese leader urges enhanced, innovative social management

    2012-07-22

    BEIJING - Senior leader Zhou Yongkang has called for more efforts to enhance and innovate social management in order to solve social problems at the grassroots level.

    Zhou, a member of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee, made the remarks at a national meeting on social management, held in Beijing on Friday and Saturday.

    Hailing the great contributions that social management has made to the country's harmony and stability, Zhou said the development of social management still requires more efforts and should adapt to new situations.

    "China should extend basic public services to more rural and underdeveloped regions and establish smooth channels for the public to voice their complaints," Zhou said, adding that measures should also be created to provide services for migrants and other special groups.

    To enhance and innovate social management is a heavy task that requires long-term and arduous efforts, the senior leader said.

    Fiscal spending should be increased in improving people's livelihoods along with the nation's fast economic growth so as to coordinate social and economic development, according to Zhou.

    Zhou also urged departments at all levels to improve overall planning, promote international communication and cooperation and learn from the experiences of foreign countries.

    At the meeting, Vice Premier Hui Liangyu called on all government departments to summarize and promote successful experiences in order to improve social management.

    Xinhua
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    West wrong on Chinese public's Syria view

    July 23, 2012

    China and Russia are facing a new round of finger pointing since their double veto of a UN resolution threatening to impose new sanctions on Syria Thursday.

    The US-led West loudly touts slogans of democracy and human rights during their grand strategic deployment in the Middle East. But the key target is still their geopolitical interests in this region.

    In comparison, by sticking to its long-held stance on Syria, China is holding on not only to its own diplomatic principles, but also basic prerequisites for world peace and justice.

    Western politicians are trying to isolate China and Russia by insisting that the two are making the wrong choice. However, the Chinese should stay cool-headed and see the essence of China's attitude.

    The UN resolution, citing the seventh chapter of the UN Charter, laid a foundation for military intervention in Syria. This was what China vetoed.

    China also opposes the UN Security Council openly picking sides in Syria's internal conflict. It insists that the Syrians should seek a political solution through their own negotiations.

    This is a bottom line that must be upheld so as to prevent the West from overthrowing any regime at will.

    With their massive soft power, Western organizations can easily besiege China and Russia through verbal assaults.

    However, they don't really have the power to launch an actual retaliation against the two countries.

    In the future, Western politics and public opinion may exert even more pressure on China.

    We have no choice but to face up to all kinds of complexities in international politics.

    But as long as our public unites and collectively supports our diplomatic policy, external forces will not dare to underestimate the policy's strength.

    The West may think China's public opinion on issues including Syria, under the influence of universal values preached by the West, can sway China's diplomatic stance.

    This is a misjudgment. The majority of Chinese oppose military intervention against a small country.

    A few Western diplomats or correspondents are naïvely taking Weibo messages as a reflection of popular public opinion. But individual opinions, assisted by technology, can indeed wield a much bigger influence on a country's diplomacy.

    Diplomacy involves a high degree of professionalism. It is difficult to make the foreign policies thoroughly understood by the public.

    To win over trust from ordinary people, the media has to have a full understanding of the nation's interests. Of course, the credibility of the government is also crucial.

    The West can always delude a few, but it cannot deceive the majority of the Chinese people. The insincerity of the West is exposed by the sheer pursuit of their own interests.

    Global Times
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    China strikes hard on corruption, punishing over 60 officials

    July 26, 2012

    More than 60 officials at the ministerial and provincial levels were punished for discipline violation since the Party's last national congress.

    These high-level officials were among 600,000 people who faced punishment for violating Party and government disciplines since the 17th National Congress of Communist Party of China (CPC) held in 2007, according to a statement from the CPC Central Commission for Discipline Inspection (CCDI) today.

    Among them, more than 200,000 were transferred to prosecutors for involvement in legal infringements, the CCDI statement said.

    One of the cases was the country's former railway minister, Liu Zhijun, who was expelled from the CPC after being investigated for corruption in May. His case has been handed over to judicial departments.

    Early this month, Liu Zhuozhi, former vice chairman of north China's Inner Mongolia autonomous region government was convicted of taking bribes and sentenced to life imprisonment.

    Jiang Hui, research fellow with the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, told Xinhua that the country's leadership has placed the anti-corruption task at a high position in its governance over the past 10 years.

    The CPC started large-scale efforts to curb corruption among Party and government officials about two decades ago and, in the past decade, efforts have been stepped, said Li Xueqin, head of the CCDI's research division.

    By 2011, the CCDI investigated about 21,000 graft cases after inspecting more than 425,000 government-funded construction projects across the country, and exposed more than 60,000 "small coffers" leading to punishment on more than 10,000 officials.

    Shanghai Daily
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