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Thread: Indian subcontinent heritage

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  1. #1
    Member Ashwani Kumar Aggarwal's Avatar
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    India India

    Indian subcontinent heritage

    For Pics - Please click :-http://www.punjabjalandhar.info/2009/01/mughal-historical-hunting-lodge-cum.html



    Mughal Historical Hunting Lodge- Cum - Serai at Nurmahal-Big Game Hunting

    Main Gate ; Front Side ( Facing Nakodar ) This Main Gate is a Barbican and a Later addition

    View of Main Gate From Inside of Serai

    A Chhajja on side of Gate
    Beautiful statues of elephants supporting the platform

    Front Gate- Side Extension ( Security Observation Posts)

    Front Gate side
    Symmetrical stone carvings

    Upper Part With V.I.P. Chhajja on Top Centre

    Inscription in Persian Below The Chhajja

    Big Game Hunting Scene Blocks ( Front Gate)





    Hunters On Elephants

    Front Gate- Message in Persian Script

    Hunting Scenes ( Note How One Hunter Is On Ground In front of Elephant )



    Long Passage Between Two Gate System ( On Sides Elephant Mounting Platforms )

    In side Serai Compound --A Fountain ?

    Barrack Rooms ? Back Side Of Main Gate



    Arched Ceiling Front Gate Inner Structure

    Three Gate Arches of Front Gate. The Outer Highly Decorative Side is a Fort Barbican May Have Been a Later Addition

    Inside Serai A V.I.P.Building

    View Of Back Gate From Inside

    V.I.P. Building Inside Serai Compound

    Back Gate ( Phillaur Side ) View From Inside Serai





    Arched Verandas On Insides Of Serai Walls

    View of Main Gate ( Inside of Serai ) from Back Gate ( Phillaur Side )


    Damaged Back Gate ( Facing Phillaur )



    Annexe ? of V.I.P. Building

    Magnificent V.I.P. Building ( With a Pool and Water Channels )

    Well ( Khoo ) Inside Serai

    Well ( Khoo ) For Water Supply




    V.I.P. Building ( Side View )



    View of Nurmahal Town From Front Gate Facing Nakodar

    Sign Board

    Front Gate



    Front Gate Ceiling ( With Holed Slab Hinge For Holding Massive Gate Doors)

    Visitors' Cars

    These photos are part of Nurmahal_Sarai by Gopal Aggarwal



    Caravansary at the historical town of Nurmahal (20 kilometres from Jalandhar)provides an excellent insight into various aspects of Mughal life and culture , particularly architecture , wildlife found in the surrounding area and hunting techniques deployed by the Royalty.

    Nurmahal (meaning Light of the Palace) is named after the famous Queen of Emperor Jehangir. Empress Nurmahal was later given the title of Nurjahan (Light of the
    Universe), probably a palace promotion of sorts. Empress Nurmahal (or Nurjahan) was an accomplished horse-rider and a keen hunter of big game.

    Town Nurmahal and its surrounding wild lands was one of her favorite resting place and hunting ground whenever the Mughal Emperor's Durbar moved from Delhi/Agra to Kashmir or vice-versa.

    The entrance complex of the Serai has double gates. A front gate and a back gate, somewhat like we have in prisons for security reasons. At any given time, only one gate was open. In the space between the two gates, there are staircases on each side, for mounting the "Howdah" of the elephants.


    Elephants, in fact are the dominant feature depicted at the gate, both in the sculpture and in the intricate inscriptions. This shows the central role elephants played in the daily lives of the Royalty of those days.



    The inscriptions decorating the front gate give graphic details of the surrounding wildlife in those days (this wildlife has sadly vanished over the last three to four hundred years).

    A unique and rare inscription vividly depicts the elaborate technique employed in the hunting of the great India rhinoceros. This was a team effort- the first hunter would attack from the front on the top side of the rhino forcing the animal to lift its head. This would enable the second hunter to get down at the neck of the rhino to fatally wound the rhino at its vulnerable neck area (where the enormous armour of rhino is probably missing). Sadly, these days the great Indian rhino has been pushed to the confines of jungles of Kaziranga National Park, Assam and Chitvan Park, Nepal.

    Nurmahal is a must for reliving those glorious Mughal times and the abundant wildlife and hunting which took place in this area some three to four hundred years back.

    Nurmahal serai was equally popular with the traders who moved along this route between Delhi-Agra and North and North-Western parts of India (to Lahore, Sialkot, Peshawar and Kashmir). The current G.T. Road from Ludhiana (then known as Lodhi-ana) was realigned probably under the British times. This serai like most of the serais of those times is built like fortress with walls and fortification of all sides. The inside of the serai provides extensive remains if the activities that went on during those times. There are numerous rooms on all sides. Large well to provide fresh water and open space where animals, carts could be stationed. Some important buldings inside the compound stand out among the ordinary rooms.

    Nurmahal Sarai- Western ( Lahori ) Gate Inscriptions



    1 ) Ba-daur adl Jahangir Shah Akbar Shah
    kih asman-o-zamin, misl-au nadarad yaad
    2) bina-i Nur Sara shud ba-khitab-Phalor
    ba-hukam Nur Jahan Begam farishtah-nihad
    3) barai saal binayash sukhan war-i-khush guft
    ke shud za Nur Jahan Begum ain Sarai abaad 1028
    4) chu, shud taman khirad guft bahaar tarikhash
    ba-shud za Nur Jahan Begum ain Sarai abaad 1030

    ( Please Note :Years are in Hijri Era )

    TRANSLATION

    1) During the just rule of Jahangir Shah son of Akbar Shah
    whose life neither heaven nor earth remembers
    2) The Nur Sarai was founded in the district of Phalor
    By command of the angel-like Nur Jahan Begum
    3) The date of its foundation the poet happily discovered
    ' This Sarai was founded by Nur Jahan Begum ( 1028)
    4 ) The date of its completion wisdom found in the words
    " This Sarai was erected by Nur Jahan Begum " ( 1030 )





    Akhaz rahdari abwab
    Mamndah bamujib amar Nawab
    Zakariya Khan Bahadur Nazim
    Subah muaaf harkas az Faujdaran
    Doabah bagirad, bar zanan
    Talak, Talak,Talak


    TRANSLATION

    " Taking payment from travellers is forbidden,
    Nawab Zakariya Khan, Governor of the District,
    having exempted them.
    Should any Faujdar of Doab collect these dues,
    May his wives be divorced."
    The Following 2 Users Say Thank You to Ashwani Kumar Aggarwal For This Useful Post: Aryan_B,greencold


  2. #2
    Member Ashwani Kumar Aggarwal's Avatar
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    India India

    Re: Nurmahal Serai ( Near Jalandhar ) Punjab's Mughal Splendour

    Majestic /Heritage Empress Bridge on Sutlej at Hussianiwala ( Ferozepur ) - Pics

    The Majestic Road ( on top ) cum Rail Bridge at Hussainiwala ( Ferozepur ), inaugurated on 02 March 1887 , was dismantled in 1972. Its piers are intact.

    The Bridge was an engineering marvel. It can be a heritage site.

    For pic of the original bridge

    http://in.geoview.info/historic_empr...epur,61684765p

    The current state of the once majestic bridge ( piers are intact )

    http://www.panoramio.com/photo/60558689



    The original approach road Overbridge ( at one end of the bridge for road to gain height above the railway line below )



    http://www.stamps-auction.com/firozp...for-sale-85573

    For the Intact Eastern ( Left Bank - Ferozepur Side ) Approach Road Tower http://www.panoramio.com/photo/68228395

    http://www.panoramio.com/photo/60558624


    The current dilapidated / damaged state of the Over bridge ( Western side- Right Bank - Kasur Side )for Road Passage

    https://www.google.co.in/search?q=hu...w=1024&bih=672






    ( Your Blog writer on wheel chair - at site )


    http://www.panoramio.com/photo/60558746
    http://in.geoview.info/old_mile_stone,51571549p

    http://www.panoramio.com/photo/57330286

  3. #3
    Member Ashwani Kumar Aggarwal's Avatar
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    India India

    Re: Nurmahal Serai ( Near Jalandhar ) Punjab's Mughal Splendour

    Please read dismantled in 1971

  4. #4
    Member greencold's Avatar
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    Re: Nurmahal Serai ( Near Jalandhar ) Punjab's Mughal Splendour

    Nice set of pic. Wont let me copy them
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  5. #5
    Member Ashwani Kumar Aggarwal's Avatar
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    India India

    Re: Nurmahal Serai ( Near Jalandhar ) Punjab's Mughal Splendour

    Please you are free to copy.

  6. #6
    Senior Member Hope's Avatar
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    Re: Nurmahal Serai ( Near Jalandhar ) Punjab's Mughal Splendour

    Nice piece of heritage
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  7. #7
    Member Ashwani Kumar Aggarwal's Avatar
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    India India

    Historic Imam Nasir Mosque - Jalandhar

    Only Available Photographs of any Mughal Emperor, and Mughal Empress of India.

    Please Click:-

    http://www.merepix.com/2013/07/rare-...sing-1857.html
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  8. #8
    Senior Member Sinbad's Avatar
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    Re: Very Very Rare Photos of 1857 War of Independence ( Indian Revolt/ Mutiny)

    Indeed amazing pictures. Thanks for sharing
    The Following User Says Thank You to Sinbad For This Useful Post: Ashwani Kumar Aggarwal


  9. #9
    Member Ashwani Kumar Aggarwal's Avatar
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    India India

    Historic Imam Nasir Mosque - Jalandhar

    Majestic /Heritage Empress Bridge on Sutlej at Hussianiwala ( Ferozepur ) - Pics

    The Majestic Road ( on top ) cum Rail Bridge at Hussainiwala ( Ferozepur ), inaugurated on 02 March 1887 , was dismantled in 1972. Its piers are intact.

    The Bridge was an engineering marvel. It can be a heritage site.

    For pic of the original bridge

    http://in.geoview.info/historic_empr...epur,61684765p

    The current state of the once majestic bridge ( piers are intact )

    http://www.panoramio.com/photo/60558689



    The original approach road Overbridge ( at one end of the bridge for road to gain height above the railway line below )



    http://www.stamps-auction.com/firozp...for-sale-85573

    For the Intact Eastern ( Left Bank - Ferozepur Side ) Approach Road Tower http://www.panoramio.com/photo/68228395

    http://www.panoramio.com/photo/60558624


    The current dilapidated / damaged state of the Over bridge ( Western side- Right Bank - Kasur Side )for Road Passage

    https://www.google.co.in/search?q=hu...w=1024&bih=672






    ( Your Blog writer on wheel chair - at site )


    http://www.panoramio.com/photo/60558746
    http://in.geoview.info/old_mile_stone,51571549p

    http://www.panoramio.com/photo/57330286

  10. #10
    Member Ashwani Kumar Aggarwal's Avatar
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    India India

    Dakhni Serai - Mughal Splendour in Jslandhar

    Whereas the Serai at Nurmahal is well known, a lesser known but equally exquisitve is the Dakhni Serai,on the Nakodar-Kapurthala Road ( 12 Km. from Nakodar ) near Village Mahlian Kalan.It is a fine example of Indo Persian style perfected during Mughal period. Constructed during the reign of Shah Jahan ( 1627-58) by Mughal mansabdar Ali Mardan Khan , the huge serai has124 rooms dotted all around its fortified rectangular enclosure. Two three storey high magnificient gates, Lahori Gate and Delhi Gate allow entry in to the Serai.
    Nakodar along with Nurmahal were important towns along the old G.T. Road from Delhi to Lahore. The present route of G.T. from Ludhiana ( Lodhiana ) onwards to Lahore was redone during the British te to be placed on the main railway line and G.T.road highway connecting Delhi with Lahore and beyond to Kabul etc..

    As a corollary the earlier important and historic towns of Nurmahal, Nakodar, Bundala, Dakni Serai etc. lost their importance and became satellite towns of Jullundur

    For Pics

    http://www.punjabjalandhar.info/2008...rs-mughal.html


    Mughal Bridge


    http://www.punjabjalandhar.info/2009...-sarai-at.html
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  11. #11
    Member Ashwani Kumar Aggarwal's Avatar
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    Historic Mosque at Kotla ( Alampur, Tehsil Dasuya, -Hoshiarpur)) Pre Mughal Style

    The architecture of the mosque seems to be of Sultanate period ( 12 th century ) and , hence, pre Mughal style.. One main dome in the centre and two smaller domes on sides . A mixture of West Asian and local influence.

    Village Kotla is near Village Alampur ( Tehsil Dasuya , Distt. Hoshiarpur ) about 55 km from Jalandhar.

    Kotla and Alampur are on the old Tanda- Dauya- Hajipur Highway which was realigned after 1947 along the newly built Jalandhar- Pathankot railway line.

    Alampur is the home town of renowned South Asian Saint and Scholar, Moulvi Gulam Rasul

    For Pics

    http://www.punjabjalandhar.info/2009...ur-tehsil.html

  12. #12
    Senior Member ManojKumar's Avatar
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    Re: Historic Mosque at Kotla ( Alampur, Tehsil Dasuya, -Hoshiarpur)) Pre Mughal Style

    These are lovely rare finds. A protection of our cultural roots is a must. Thanks for sharing sir.
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  13. #13
    Forum Administrator bilalhaider's Avatar
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    Re: Restore Heritage Empress Bridge Ferozepur- Kasur

    These are some amazing images Ashwani!
    The Following User Says Thank You to bilalhaider For This Useful Post: Ashwani Kumar Aggarwal


  14. #14
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    Re: Restore Heritage Empress Bridge Ferozepur- Kasur

    Good initiative.
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    Re: Dakhni Serai - Mughal Splendour in Jslandhar

    Interesting information, thanks!
    The Following User Says Thank You to SavingFace For This Useful Post: Ashwani Kumar Aggarwal


  16. #16
    Member Ashwani Kumar Aggarwal's Avatar
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    India India

    British Indian Silver Coins- South Asian Heritage

    British Indian Silver Coins

    India - Pakistan have a very good store of " Commonwealth" ( British time ) stamps and coins. Indian issued silver coins prices ( Sikka Chehrey Shahi - Coin With a Royal Face ) " are rising steadily. This trend can be analyzed from ebay.in auctions

    As pre Brititish Silver coins in India did not carry any image of the king , The British silver coins ( which had the impression of their Ruling Royalty , these coins were called SIKKA CHEHREY SHAHI


    Old timers remember when these British Indian silver coins were in circulation . There were particular names for some silver coins :-

    MALKA GUTT WALI - Queen Victoria with Plaited ( Gutt ) Hair . This is the East India Company Issue ( all such Rupee .coins bear a single date .i.e. 1840 )

    http://www.chiefacoins.com/Database/...ia_Company.htm

    Later Victoria coins (Post 1862 ) do not have the " Gutt "
    http://www.chiefacoins.com/Database/...a-Victoria.htm

    RODDA- ( meaning Bald ) This refers to Edward VII ( whose head on the observe of the coin was without crown )

    http://www.chiefacoins.com/Database/...Edward_VII.htm

    DOPPAR ( meaning Half ) These refer to the Post 1940 George VI silver coins when because of World War II high cost silver content in coins was HALVED

    http://www.chiefacoins.com/Database/...-George_VI.htm

    These silver coins are a good avenue for investing in silver ( But remain beware of Fakes ).

    http://jfcampbell.us/india/



    http://coins.shop.ebay.in/i.html?_nk....c0.m270.l1313


    Malka Gutt Wali Silver Rupee Coins had some gold in them . So , unfortunately , a large-number of them have ended up inthe melting pot.

    Ashwani Kumar Aggarwal

    ( Inputs credit to my father Late Dr. Dharm Paul Aggarwal )
    ==============================================


    These days many Fake coins are circulating in India . To check counterfeit coins please click :-

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  17. #17
    Member Ashwani Kumar Aggarwal's Avatar
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    Historic Imam Nasir Mosque - Jalandhar

    COMPANY BAGH, Jalandhar ( Jullundur ) (named after the East India Company) was, in earlier time, heavily wooded,a favourite hideout for poets, romantics and all others seeking secrecy and solace. Over the period of time, its trees have thinned out. One land mark on its periphery (G.P.O. side) was the KAISER-E-HIND (Kesar Hind in popular parlance) CLUB, a very prestigious Club of pre-independence times (it has been relocated to Sehdev market). In its place came up CLOCK TOWER RESTAURANT. Sadly Clock Tower's like cinema houses became obsolete. Even this restaurant closed down.
    --------------------------

    After the First Anglo-Sikh war, 1846 following the death of Sher-e-Punjab Maharaja Ranjit Singh( in 1839) ,East India Company took control of Jalandhar. The landmark garden , in which Municipal Corporation office is located was named " COMPANY BAGH" after East India Company.

    In 1858 British Government took away charge from East India Company. Company Bagh was renamed QUEEN'S GARDEN ( after Queen Victoria).

    After independence the Bagh was, again, renamed " NEHRU GARDEN".

    But the garden is still popularly known among citizens of Jalandhar as Company Bagh.

    ---------------------
    http://www.punjabjalandhar.info/2009...jalandhar.html
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  18. #18
    Member Ashwani Kumar Aggarwal's Avatar
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    India India

    Historic Imam Nasir Mosque - Jalandhar

    The Following User Says Thank You to Ashwani Kumar Aggarwal For This Useful Post: Aryan_B


  19. #19
    Member Ashwani Kumar Aggarwal's Avatar
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    Re: Restore Heritage Empress Bridge Ferozepur- Kasur

    Bombay (Mumbai ) in 1920 - Classic Documentary



    njoy Historic Movie of Bomaby ( Mumbai 's )

    Gateway of India / Taj Hotel

    Traffic -Cars / Horse Carriages etc

    Race Course

    Hut Type Houses

    and much more



    Please click :-


  20. #20
    Member Ashwani Kumar Aggarwal's Avatar
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    Re: Indian subcontinent heritage

    For Pics of this Majestic Heritage Building :-


    http://www.punjabjalandhar.info/2009...lodge-cum.html
    The Following User Says Thank You to Ashwani Kumar Aggarwal For This Useful Post: Khanda


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