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Thread: Pakistan-China ties growing exponentially: PM

  1. #1
    Senior Moderator Superkaif's Avatar
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    Pakistan-China ties growing exponentially: PM

    Vienna: Western states pressured China at closed-door talks last week to address concerns about its plans to expand a nuclear power plant in Pakistan and provide more information, but were rebuffed, two diplomatic sources said on Wednesday.
    Beijing's atomic relations with Islamabad have caused unease in Washington, Delhi and other capitals due to Pakistan's history of spreading nuclear arms technology and fears about the integrity of international non-proliferation rules.
    "A number of countries asked questions and expressed concerns," said one official, speaking about the annual plenary session of the 46-nation Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG), held on June 21-22 in the US city of Seattle.

    But China showed no sign of reconsidering its position on building two more reactors at the Chashma nuclear power complex in Pakistan's Punjab region, the official and another source said, a stance Beijing also took when the issue was raised in last year's NSG talks in the Dutch city of Noordwijk.
    As its ties with the United States have suffered, Pakistan has been trying to move closer to Asian powerhouse China, which has welcomed Islamabad's overtures.
    The two-day meeting also debated the issue of India's possible membership in the NSG, a consensus-based cartel that seeks to ensure nuclear exports are not used for military purposes by agreeing rules for such trade, the sources said.
    In 2010, the United States announced backing for India's membership - a step that would make it the only country outside the nuclear Non Proliferation Treaty (NPT) in the group - but Pakistan has warned against allowing its rival to join.
    "If India were to apply now, there would be quite a detailed discussion on non-proliferation-related issues before a decision is taken," one of the sources said, suggesting there were differences of opinion within the NSG.
    A statement by the US National Nuclear Security Administration confirmed that the NSG's relationship with India was discussed, but did not mention the China-Pakistan issue.
    "Participating governments called on all states to exercise vigilance and make best efforts to ensure that none of their exports of goods or technologies contribute to nuclear weapons programmes," it said on its website.
    Close relations between China and Pakistan reflect a long-standing shared wariness of their common neighbour, India, and a desire to counter US influence across the region.
    Analysts say China agreed to expand Chashma to match a 2008 nuclear energy deal between India and the United States.
    Nuclear principle erosion?
    Washington and other governments have said China should seek approval for the planned reactors from the NSG. But China argues that the construction of two additional units at Chashma was part of a bilateral deal sealed before it joined the NSG in 2004. China also supplied the facility's first two reactors.
    European Union members of the NSG delivered a joint statement about the issue in Seattle, the two sources said. The US delegation also "posed a question," one of them said.
    "China basically reiterated that it comes under the grandfather clause," one source said, referring to Beijing's argument that the agreement was struck before it joined the nuclear suppliers' forum.
    To receive nuclear exports, nations that are not one of the five officially recognised atomic weapons states must usually place their nuclear activities under the safeguards of the UN International Atomic Energy Agency, NSG rules say.
    When the United States sealed a nuclear supply deal with India in 2008 that China and others found questionable because Delhi - like Islamabad - is outside the NPT, Washington won a waiver from that rule after contentious negotiations.
    Pakistan wants a similar civilian nuclear agreement with the United States to help meet its growing energy needs.
    But Washington is reluctant, largely because a Pakistani nuclear scientist, Abdul Qadeer Khan, admitted in 2004 to transferring nuclear secrets to North Korea, Iran and Iraq.
    Pakistan tested nuclear devices in 1998, soon after India, and both nations refuse to join the NPT, which would oblige them to scrap nuclear weapons.
    Nuclear analyst Mark Hibbs said there had been an erosion of the principle that recipients of nuclear exports must put all their atomic activities under IAEA safeguards.
    "First by Russia a decade ago in its trade with India, then in the US-sponsored India deal, and now by China's trade with Pakistan," Hibbs, of the Carnegie Endowment think-tank, said.
    "Since the late 1990s, we have seen a weakening of milestone non-proliferation commitments by big powerful countries."

  2. #2
    Administrator Aryan_B's Avatar
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    Pakistan-China ties growing exponentially: PM

    Pakistan-China ties growing exponentially: PM

    Saturday, July 07, 2012

    ISLAMABAD: Prime Minister Raja Pervaiz Ashraf said on Friday that the Pak-China relations had been growing exponentially since the establishment of diplomatic relations between the two countries.

    Talking to Chinese Ambassador to Pakistan Liu Jian who called on him here at the PM House, the Prime Minister noted the increasing cooperation in commerce, banking, trade, agriculture, energy and defence and said these ties were on an upward trajectory. The Prime Minister said the opening of ICBC bank’s branches in

    Karachi and Islamabad and the currency swap mechanism would further boost trade and investment between Pakistan and China.The prime minister said there was no phrase, which could define the depth of ties between the two countries and said the Chinese can find love and affection across the country.

    The prime minister said that Shaheed Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto was the pioneer of building friendship between the two countries and Shaheed Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto took these relations to new heights.

    Ashraf also referred to the growing relations between the PPP and the Communist Party of China and also mentioned his visit when he accompanied Chairman PPP, Bilawal Bhutto Zardari, to China, where he met the CPC leaders. A statement from the PM House said the prime minister lauded the consistent stance of the Chinese government on Pakistan’s territorial integrity, sovereignty and independence.

    No matter what leader comes in no matter from what party China is and will always be our ally

  3. #3
    Forum Administrator bilalhaider's Avatar
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    Pakistan is a very strategically important country, & it is no surprise that it still has the approval of the international body (UN), is being "courted" by China & Russia; & not even being abandoned by the US, despite everything that has happened in Afghanistan.

  4. #4
    Senior Member Red Dragon's Avatar
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    Pak-China ties a blow to Indian ambitions

    Pak-China ties a blow to Indian ambitions

    Monday 3 June 2013

    Make no mistake in downplaying the significance of Chinese Premier Li Keqiang’s recent visit to Pakistan. The high level diplomatic visit, a few days after Pakistan’s historic elections, is being hailed as a major step forward in Pakistan-China relations. During the visit, Li assured Pakistan’s new leadership of full Chinese support in meeting all challenges confronted by Pakistan. He was also conferred Pakistan’s highest civil award for boosting relations between the two countries.

    During the visit, China and Pakistan entered into agreements covering diverse sectors such as trade, energy, technology and space, maritime cooperation and agriculture. The Chinese leadership also expressed its support to help Pakistan in overcoming the persistent energy shortages and putting the economy right back on track. Most importantly, Pakistan formally handed over the strategic operations of Gwadar Port to China during the visit. This move is expected to have far-reaching implications for the power play in South Asian region.

    Located in the troubled province of Balochistan, Gwadar Port is a warm-water, deep-sea port situated in the Arabian Sea. Pakistan approved the port’s transfer from Port of Singapore Authority International (PSA) to a Chinese company on the basis that PSA could not develop or operate the port as desired.

    It is worth mentioning that China funded about 75 percent of the $ 250 million initially required for construction of the Gwadar project. Chinese takeover of the Gwadar Port will have both regional and global implications.

    Competing for regional dominance against China, India is clearly irked by the development and fears that its interests will face a setback. By maintaining its presence at the port, China will virtually gain control of the Strait of Hormuz, an energy and trade corridor from the Gulf. The Gwadar Port will also reduce Pakistan’s dependence on Karachi as a global trade hub, and may also be used by the country’s military in future.

    The cementing of ties between Pakistan and China will most likely deal a significant blow to Indian ambitions of extending its influence beyond the Indian Ocean.

    In this perspective, the withdrawal of US-led NATO troops from Afghanistan in 2014 is very important and all regional countries share their concerns about this development. Plagued by an internal crisis, a civil war cannot be ruled out in Afghanistan after the withdrawal of coalition forces. Such internal strife has the potential of not only destabilizing Pakistan, but also puts the lucrative Chinese and Indian investments in Afghanistan at risk.

    It is no secret that both China and India are engaged in a power struggle to gain deeper influence in Afghanistan. Therefore, Pakistan is hoping to gain full Chinese support to counter the Indian agenda and protect its interests.

    However, China is not underestimating the strength of India in the region and is also engaged in broadening its relationship with the country to avoid any regional conflict.

    These ties remain exclusive of the Pakistan-China friendship and any attempt by India to disrupt that relationship may further widen the gap between itself and China. In the coming times, it would become clear how the Chinese message of solidarity and strengthening of strategic relations with Pakistan shapes the region.
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  5. #5
    Senior Member Red Dragon's Avatar
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    China to help Pakistan expand strategic road links

    China to help Pakistan expand strategic road links

    Sunday, 14 July 2013

    ISLAMABAD: Pakistan will soon be embarking on an ambitious plan to expand its strategic road, rail network to ease travel and facilitate trade with the Central Asian Republics, China and other regional countries.

    Among the eight agreements inked during Prime Minister Mohammad Nawaz Sharif's visit to China, one is the US $18 billion project to build a road and rail track, including string of tunnels in the mountainous track passing over a height 4,693 meters to be used as part of the Pakistan-China Economic corridor.

    The economic corridor, planned to boost trade between the two countries, will use the existing 1300 km long Karakoram Highway (KKH), including a new section that is currently being realigned due to construction of the Diamer Bhasha Dam, and a 700 km extension further South up to the Gwadar Port, for fast transportation of goods.

    The KKH that is currently undergoing an expansion is being made into an all weather modern highway with ability to handle trucks with 40 feet containers and on completion will cut down the journey from over 30 hours to 20, from Khunjerab to Islamabad.

    Work on the expansion of the KKH that was scheduled to complete in 2013 was delayed due to the landslide at Attabad and submerging of the road.

    The Prime Minister was informed that work on the Attabad Lake would be completed by 2016 while the rehabilitation of KKH would complete a year earlier.

    Prime Minister Mohammad Nawaz Sharif called for early completion of the repair and rehabilitation works on Karakorum Highway. He termed the road link as of utmost importance and said it should be rehabilitated without any delay so that the bilateral trade between Pakistan and China flourish.

    He also urged the Chinese company's head to accomplish the rehabilitation work on Attabad Lake and surrounding areas.

    The interest of the Chinese govenment in the project is quite obvious as it provides a shorter access to the Arabian Sea, the sea route through which almost 20 per cent of world's oil supply passes.

    The link will also give China shortest route for its exports to the Gulf, Africa and Europe, prompting Premier Li Keqaing to say that China has strategic interest in this Corridor. The KKH currently links Kashgar in China's Xinjiang Autonomous region with Abbottabad.

    Under the ambitious plans Pakistan and China will be studying addition of a railway track along the KKH. With the addition of a rail link, the goods that now take over a month through the sea route, will take only ten days to reach their destination, between the two countries.

    Both the countries also plan to upgrade their cargo handling ability at their borders, which is confined to 100,000 metric tons, owing to the poor road linkage. China has already started a study to find a suitable location for a railway station at Kashgar.

    Yuan Jianmin, Director of Xinjiang Logistic Association was quoted in a news report as saying that "a railway link between China and Pakistan railway would transform Kashgar and allow it to truly become an economic hub."

    As part of plan to enhance communication linkages the Strategic Communication Organization (SCO) of Pakistan and Huawei inked a document during Prime Minister's visit, for laying optic fiber for a fast communication link between Pakistan and China. It includes an over 800 kms long Optical Fibre Cable from the Chinese border to Rawalpindi (OFC), along the Karakoram Highway.

    It will connect Pakistan and Trans-Asia Europe (TAE) cable in China, enabling both the countries to have alternative routes for their international telecom traffic. At Present, Pakistan is connected to the world through undersea cables, including; SEA-ME-WE 3&4, IMEWE and TWA-1. Pakistan and China also agreed to work on construction of a motorway between Lahore and Karachi.

    Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif directed completion of the Motorway within two and half years, following the completion of the feasibility study of the project in three months.

    Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif who has to his credit the construction of Pakistan's first Motorway between Lahore and Islamabad said his government would not compromise on quality of the work. He hoped the project would benefit the people of all four provinces, Gilgit-Baltistan and Azad Jammu and Kashmir.

    "It is a historic day. Once this project completes, the travel time would reduce remarkably and would ultimately promote business activities in the region," Nawaz Sharif said.

    Currently Lahore is linked with a M-3 Motorway with Faisalabad, while work on M-4 Faisalabad-Multan section is underway. The previous cabinet early this year approved the award of contract to the Frontier Works Organisation for the construction of the 136 kms long M-9 Motorway to link Karachi with Hyderabad. However work on the remaining sections south of Multan is yet to start.

    Prime Minister Sharif said the government was committed to provide comfortable and affordable transport facilities to its citizens within minimum possible time.

    During his stay in China Sharif also traveled from Beijing to Shanghai aboard a high speed train and evinced desire for a similar project in Pakistan to fulfill his commitment of providing comfortable transport facility to the people.

    Project Chief Engineer and General Manager High Speed Train Management Zhao Guotang in a detailed briefing to the Prime Minister said China has achieved excellence in designing and manufacturing of high speed trains.

    He said the project costs around $20 million per kilometer, however the cost can be decreased using latest technology.

    Prime Minister Sharif has invited Chairman CSCEC Yi Jun to Pakistan in August to discuss various development projects in Pakistan including the construction of highways and the bullet train.

    The positive aspect of the agreements between the two countries is that all feasibility studies of developmental projects are slated to complete in one year's time and it is hoped that work will start soon thereafter, bringing about a real change in the lives of the people.

  6. #6
    Think Tank 1Badmaash's Avatar
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    China-Pakistan axis

    This is a good piece by Bill Engdahl on the evolving China-Pakistan axis -- and (possible) attempts by the Americans to throw a spanner in the works.

    Developing Pakistan-China ties which can drastically change the economic map of the region are threatened by Pakistani separatism, which might suddenly transform into another ‘terror ground.’

    As Washington continues sending its development assistance aid in the form of drones to bomb civilians illegally inside Pakistan’s borders, allegedly to go after Taliban fighters, Pakistan Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif recently completed a trip to Beijing where he met Chinese Premier Li Keqiang, his first foreign visit after the May elections. The Pakistani Federal Cabinet subsequently approved the start of negotiations and signing of a Memorandum of Understanding on developing a "China-Pakistan Economic Corridor" long-term plan, and an action plan between the development ministries of the two countries.

    The core of the new agreements between China and neighboring Pakistan calls for accelerated development of a 2,000-km trade infrastructure corridor linking Gwadar Port on Pakistan’s Indian Ocean coast to Kashgar, the westernmost city in China’s Xingjiang province. Pakistan has offered China a ‘trade and energy corridor’ via Gwadar, linked to inland roads. The plan would import oil from the Middle East, to refineries at Gwadar and sent on to China via roads, pipelines or railway.

    Xinjiang is also the heart of China’s known oil resources and a transit area for major oil and gas pipelines. The development will cost billions of euros, which China reportedly has now pledged in the form of ‘soft loans’. The railway infrastructure will provide crucial links for transporting oil and gas from the Persian Gulf and minerals and food from Africa will be the heart of the new project.

    However, in six months this area will "suddenly" become a major "terror ground" that conveniently will disrupt the rail infrastructure link. It reminds me of the German Berlin-Baghdad Rail link to the Ottoman Empire before WWI that was the major cause for Britain to ally with Czarist Russia and France in the Triple Entente that became WWI in 1914.


    China also wants to import gas from Iran by joining the Iran-Pakistan gas pipeline that will pass through Gilgit Baltistan on the Pakistan border to Xinjiang in China.

    Also Pakistan and China have signed agreements to develop entirely new industrial cities in various parts of Pakistan along the route of the rail link, including at Gwadar.

    Close to the Straits of Hormuz, Gwadar has the potential to become the gateway to Central Asia and China. It’s at the junction of the world’s three most important strategic and economic regions–Middle East, South Asia and Central Asian states—giving it the potential, barring new wars, to generate billions in annual transit trade. As part of a shift in policy, Saudi Arabia and other Gulf states have recently been eagerly pursuing trade and economic links with China.
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  7. #7
    Elite Member sparkling's Avatar
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    Chinese president to visit Pakistan soon: FO

    ISLAMABAD: The Foreign Office (FO) on Thursday said that Chinese President Xi Jinping will soon be visiting Pakistan, adding that his earlier visit had been cancelled due to unavoidable circumstances.

    Speaking to media representatives, FO spokeswoman Tasneem Aslam said Jinping's visit to India will not have any bearing on Pak-China relations.

    “The visit of the Chinese president to India will not affect Pak-China ties as he will soon be visiting Pakistan,” she told reporters.

    Know more: Chinese president cancels Pakistan trip, India visit still on

    According to the spokeswoman, Jinping had met Adviser to Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif on Foreign Affairs and National Security Sartaj Aziz at a meeting of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) summit in Dushanbe on Monday.

    Earlier, following consultations between the governments of China and Pakistan, the visit of Chinese president to the country had been cancelled in light of protests in Islamabad led by Pakistan Tehreek-i-Insaf (PTI) and Pakistan Awami Tehreek (PAT).

    Aslam added that Pakistan had launched a protest with Afghanistan over attacks on border check posts and had urged the neighbouring country to eliminate terrorist sanctuaries from its land.

    Know more: Afghan diplomat summoned for protest

    On Wednesday, a senior Afghan diplomat was summoned to the Foreign Office and a formal demarche was made against Tuesday’s cross-border terrorist attack on a security post in North Waziristan in which four soldiers had been killed.

    Regarding devastating floods in the country, the FO spokeswoman said that the government had not requested international community for any assistance or support.

  8. #8
    Senior Member Greenstar's Avatar
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    Re: Chinese president to visit Pakistan soon: FO

    Pakistan needs to do some bridge building with China.

  9. #9
    Senior Member ArshadK's Avatar
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    Chinese FM meets Pakistan's top security, foreign affairs adviser on ties

    UNITED NATIONS, Sept. 26 (Xinhua) -- Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi met here on Friday with Pakistan's top national security and foreign affairs adviser, Sartaj Aziz, to discuss relations between their two countries and major international issues of common concern.

    Wang said China is looking forward to Pakistani Prime Minister Muhammad Nawaz Sharif's attendance at the 2014 Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) Economic Leaders' Informal Meeting in Beijing in November, and that Chinese President Xi Jinping is also willing to pay a visit to Pakistan at an early date to promote further development of relations between the two countries.

    China is willing to bring into full play the role of the China-Pakistan Economic and Trade Corridor to lead economic development in Pakistan and give priority to the construction of infrastructure for transportation and energy and industrial parks in the country, so that Pakistan can enjoy real benefits, Wang stressed at the meeting with Aziz on the sidelines of the annual high-level debate of the U.N. General Assembly.

    The two sides need to strengthen coordination and cooperation in law enforcement and security, while the Chinese side supports Pakistan's quest to become a member of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO).

    Aziz said that both the Pakistani government and people are sincerely looking forward to Xi's visit to the country at an early date, which will add powerful impetus to the growth of Pakistan-China relations.

    Pakistan stands firmly with China on its core interest and issues of major concern, and appreciates China's support for Pakistan's quest to become a SCO member, he said.

    Pakistan is also willing to work with China to build the Pakistan-China Economic Corridor, so that peoples of both countries can benefit from it, Aziz said.

    The two officials also exchanged views on issues of common concern such as the Afghanistan situation and reached broad consensus.

  10. #10
    Member cb4's Avatar
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    PM Nawaz Sharif to visit China next month to seek investments

    ISLAMABAD: Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif is likely to visit China next month to seek Chinese investment in infrastructure and energy projects in Pakistan.

    The visit is being planned as damage control to bilateral ties after Chinese President Xi Jinping last month canceled his planned trip to Pakistan due to protests led by cricketer-turned-politician Imran Khan and Canada based moderate-cleric Tahir-ul-Qadri demanding Sharif's resignation.

    Minister for Railways Khawaja Saad Rafique said yesterday that Sharif will try to persuade Chinese businessmen to fast-track some key projects in ports and shipping, energy, railways and highways sectors.

    He said government's concerned ministries were working on the visit in consultation with the Chinese officials.

    China is seen as an all-weather friend of Pakistan but the popular notion got a jolt when Xi skipped Pakistan during his regional tour of South Asian countries last month.

    Pakistan expected to sign agreements worth $34 billion during that trip.
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  11. #11
    Senior Member KingKong's Avatar
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    Re: PM Nawaz Sharif to visit China next month to seek investments

    Hope he is forced to resign before then

  12. #12
    Senior Member Amjad Hussain's Avatar
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    China likes to strengthen banking ties

    KARACHI: Ms Li Tong, chairperson and CEO of Bank of China International (BoCI), visited the State Bank and discussed banking cooperation between the two countries. The BoCI is a wholly-owned subsidiary of Bank of China.

    She was accompanied by Ms Cheng Yan MD and Vice Chairman, Michae Cheng and Wang Jia and local representatives.

    Ms Li Tong headed a group of more than 20 businessmen, including CEO’s of mega companies, to explore further cooperation between Pakistan and China in the field of energy, infrastructure development, transport, manufacturing, mining and banking.

    “Closer cooperation in the banking sector will assist in strengthening relationship further with China. The number of mega projects, which Chinese companies are implementing in Pakistan, necessitates smooth and efficient banking arrangements to meet the banking needs,” said the Acting Governor State Bank Saeed Ahmad in the meeting to welcome Ms Li Tong of Bank of BoCI.

    The BoCI is the investment banking unit of BoC having huge assets over $2.26 trillion and share capital of $45 billion while its presence is in 42 countries. It has been a Fortune Global 500 entity for the last two decades.

    The visit by BoCI chairperson to SBP in Islamabad was meant to discuss the possibility of opening a branch of BoCI in Pakistan. Ms Tong appreciated the warm reception extended to her by SBP and the brief given to her about the process and requirements of establishing a foreign bank, a branch or a subsidiary in Pakistan.

    The State Bank informed her about the close working relationship which exists between People Bank of China (PBC) — the Central Bank and SBP and the Currency Swap Agreement which has been in place between the two countries.

    Ms Tong was apprised about Industrial and Commercial Bank of China (ICBC) which has branches in Islamabad and Karachi and is in the process of opening the third branch in Lahore. The experience of ICBC in Pakistan has been good. Though there is no Pakistani bank branch in China, but negotiations are at advanced stage to establish a branch of a leading Pakistani bank there in near future.

    Mr Saeed reminded the CEO of BoCI that currently Pakistan enjoys the privilege of being a member a group of the countries which are allowed to participate in the local bond market in China.

    Also an MoU signing ceremony in Beijing is scheduled to take place in the last week of October to establish Asia International Infrastructure Bank for which Pakistan is one of the founding members.

    Ms Tong and her team showed interest in undertaking further work in order to establish BoCI presence in Pakistan.

    Published in Dawn, October 17th, 2014

  13. #13
    Senior Member manuu's Avatar
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    PM Nawaz to attend APEC meeting in China next month


    PM Nawaz Sharif has been invited by President Xi Jinping to attend the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) Informal Leaders’ meeting in Beijing next month.
    Chinese Ambassador Sun Weidong called on PM Nawaz Sharif on Friday and conveyed Xi’s invitation to him, said an official handout.

    The PM expressed his gratitude on receiving President Xi’s invitation, saying he looked forward to his visit to Pakistan, which he believed would take Pak-China relations to a higher level.
    Weidong said the Chinese president welcomed the prime minister to attend the host-partners dialogue to be held in APEC meeting in Beijing next month, and will visit Pakistan at an early and mutually convenient date.

    Matters of mutual interest were discussed, while PM Nawaz also appreciated Chinese efforts in rehabilitation of flood victims and the IDPs.
    According to officials, PM will visit China in the first week of November to sign various projects including energy related projects worth $34 billion.

    The Chinese president was supposed to visit Pakistan in September but could not get a security clearance owing to the anti-government protests in the federal capital.
    An annual APEC Economic Leaders’ Meeting is attended by the heads of government of all APEC members. The location of the meeting rotates annually among members, and this time it’s going to be held in Beijing.

  14. #14
    Member cb4's Avatar
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    Investment feast: PM bags 19 China deals

    BEIJING: On a trip that will fetch multibillion-dollar Chinese investment bonanza, Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif said on Saturday that Pakistan will help China fight extremists that Beijing says are active in the unruly far western region of Xinjiang.

    Premier Nawaz, who is currently touring China, met China’s President Xi Jinping and Premier Li Keqiang at the Great Hall of the People in the Chinese capital. He told President Xi that his country would “continue to resolutely fight the East Turkestan Islamic Movement terrorist forces”, China’s foreign ministry said in a statement following the meetings in Beijing.

    Pakistan will increase its coordination with China on Afghanistan too, so as to “jointly maintain regional peace and stability”, Nawaz said. Pakistan will also do all it can to guarantee the safety of Chinese companies and workers in the country, he added, who have in the past been attacked by militants.

    China blames the East Turkestan Islamic Movement for carrying out attacks in Xinjiang, home to the Uighur community, though many foreign experts doubt the group’s existence in a cohesive group.

    According to APP, matters of mutual interest, including energy, economic relations and regional situation came up for discussion during the prime minister’s meetings with the Chinese leadership. He said Pakistan-China friendship enjoyed across-the-board political, institutional and popular support in Pakistan. He stressed that his visit would further strengthen the bilateral relations between the two countries.

    The Chinese leaders reiterated a desire to continue to support Pakistan in developing economy and maintaining stability, since China and Pakistan were ‘iron friends’ and all-weather partners of strategic cooperation. They stated that they would create a green channel for timely release of funds for development projects initiated by China in Pakistan.

    Premier Nawaz was pleased that over the last year both sides have achieved better understanding on various projects related to energy, road and infrastructure. He pledged that Pakistan supported China’s stance on all major issues, especially on those involving China’s core interests.

    1. Investment bonanza
    During Nawaz’s trip, the two countries signed 19 agreements and memorandums of understanding mainly on projects relating to China-Pakistan Economic Corridor and electricity generation. The prime ministers of the two countries oversaw the signing of the agreements that pave way for Chinese state-owned companies to help build at least four new power stations in Pakistan, while the deals also cover the supply and mining of coal, the prime minister’s press office said.

    “The deals being signed between China and Pakistan are worth $42 billion. The whole investment is being made by China,” said Amir Zamir, the spokesman for Pakistan’s ministry of planning and development. “There is no loan or aid for the energy projects, but pure investment by the Chinese,” he told AFP.

    The deals include Economic and Technical Cooperation Agreement; Framework Agreement on Provision of Concessional Loan; CPEC Energy Projects Cooperation; Government Concessional Loan Agreement on Construction of Cross-Border Optical Fiber Cable System between China and Pakistan for International Connectivity of Voice/Data Traffic Project; and Framework Facility Agreement on Suki-Kinari hydropower project between China EXIM Bank and Suki-Kinari hydropower project.
    The two sides also signed an MoU on the outline of the Long-Term Plan of CPEC, Capacity Building for Development of CPEC between NDRC of China and Ministry of Planning, Development and Reform of Pakistan, minutes of the 3rd JCC of China-Pakistan Economic Corridor, Surface Mine in Block-II of Thar coalfield and the Engro Thar 2x330MW coal-fired power plant.
    The two countries also signed the Memorandum of Facilitation Agreement on Muzaffargarh 660MW coal-fired power project between CMEC and Government of Punjab, Pakistan, MOA relating to development of 2x660MW coal-fired power project at Qadarabad, Sahiwal, 99MW UEP power project EPC Framework Agreement, Quaid-e-Azam Solar Energy Park 900MW solar power station project between ZTE Energy and Government of Punjab, Implement Agreement on Dawood 50MW wind farm between Hydro China Corporation and AEDB Pakistan, EPC Agreement of 6.5 Mt/a open pit mine in Thar Block I, Coal Supply Contract under the Project of Integrated Mine Mouth Coal Power Plant in Thar Block I and MoU for Development of Thermal Power Assets in Pakistan.
    Pakistan and China also signed Framework Agreement on Ruyi-Masood Textile Industrial Park and 2 x 135MW self-generation coal-fired power plant between Industrial & Commercial Bank of China (ICBC) and Ruyi-Masood Textile Company of Pakistan and MoU on coal-fired power plant in Port Qasim.

    Strengthening Connectivity
    Premier Nawaz Sharif also addressed a dialogue on ‘Strengthening Connectivity Partnership’ where he urged the Asian leaders to make sincere efforts for their societies and the people to have greater cultural, historical, and ideological understanding of each other. He appreciated China for taking a remarkable initiative in hosting such event and inviting Asian leaders.

    He told the participants about Pakistan’s desire for infrastructure development and China’s role in helping Pakistan meet its development needs. “The China-Pakistan Economic Corridor, linking China’s West to Pakistan’s southern port of Gwadar in close proximity to the Middle East, is a flagship project which both governments are pursuing vigorously,” he added.

    The prime minister said Pakistan views the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor as a catalyst for the development of our two countries and for regional economic cooperation, which reflects President Xi’s vision of building a Silk Road Economic Belt and a Maritime Silk Road.

    He further said that they were living in an age of globalisation. “Asia is bursting with amazing opportunities. The growth rates of many Asian economies have been dynamic and resilient, going as high as up to 7.5 per cent, despite anemic global recovery in post- 2008 Global Financial Crisis,” he added.

    The prime minister raised a number of related questions arising out of steps to manage such a monumental transformation, creation of economic opportunities for billions of people living in our region, and more importantly, the issues of poverty and wealth inequality. He viewed solution to all these questions in increasing and enhancing connectivity in the Asian countries.

    List of agreements signed

    1. Economic and Technical Cooperation Agreement
    2. Framework agreement for concessional loan
    3. Minutes of 3rd JCC of China-Pakistan Economic Corridor
    4. MoU on outline of Long-Term CPEC Plan
    5. MoU on capacity building for development of CPEC
    6. Agreement on CPEC energy projects cooperation
    7. Loan for cross-border fiber-optic system
    8. MoU on surface mine in Thar Coal Field Block-II/ Engro-Thar Power Plant
    9. Agreement on Suki-Kinari Hydro Power Project
    10. Agreement on Muzaffargarh Coal Power Project
    11. MOA on Coal Power Project at Qadarabad
    12. UEP Power Project EPC Framework Agreement
    13. Quaid-e-Azam Solar Energy Park
    14. Implement Agreement on Dawood Wind Farm
    15. EPC Agreement on open pit mine in Thar Block I
    16. Coal supply contract for power plant in Thar Block I
    17. MoU for thermal power assets in Pakistan
    18. Agreement on Ruyi-Masood Textile Industrial Park
    19. MoU on Coal Power Plant in Port Qasim

    Published in The Express Tribune, November 9th, 2014.

  15. #15
    Senior Member Amjad Hussain's Avatar
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    Jul 2013
    Pakistan Pakistan

    Pakistan says will help China fight Xinjiang militants‏

    BEIJING: Pakistan will help China with its fight against extremists that Beijing says are active in its unruly far western region of Xinjiang, Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif said on Saturday during a meeting with Chinese President Xi Jinping.

    China blames the East Turkestan Islamic Movement for carrying out attacks in Xinjiang, home to the Muslim Uighur people, though many foreign experts doubt the group's existence in a cohesive group.

    China, a major Pakistan ally in the region, has long urged Islamabad to weed out what it says are militants from Xinjiang, who are holed up in a lawless tribal belt, home to a lethal mix of militant groups which include the Taliban and Al-Qaeda.

    Hundreds have died in unrest in Xinjiang in the last two years or so. Exiles and activists say that Chinese control on the religion and culture of the Uighur people is more a cause of the violence than well-organised militant groups.

    Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif told Xi that his country would “continue to resolutely fight the East Turkestan Islamic Movement terrorist forces,” China's foreign ministry said in a statement following the meeting in Beijing.

    Pakistan will increase its coordination with China on Afghanistan as well, so as to “jointly maintain regional peace and stability,” Sharif said.

    Pakistan will also do all it can to guarantee the safety of Chinese companies and workers in the country, he added, who have in the past been attacked by militants.

    China and Pakistan call each other “all-weather friends” and their close ties have been underpinned by long-standing wariness of their common neighbour, India, and a desire to hedge against U.S. influence across the region.

  16. #16
    Senior Member Red Dragon's Avatar
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    Mar 2013
    China China

    China's Big Plans for Pakistan

    And why India should be concerned...

    Gordon G. Chang

    December 10, 2014

    On November 29, Pakistani prime minister Nawaz Sharif broke ground on a section of the Hazara Motorway, which will connect the outskirts of the capital city of Islamabad to China through the Karakoram Highway. The four-lane, fenced road in mountainous Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province will, according to current projections, take two years to complete and cost $297 million.

    The groundbreaking move, China’s Xinhua News Agency proclaims, “signal[s] the implementation of the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor agreement.” When the Corridor is completed at the turn of the decade, China will have effectively cut Pakistan in two. At the same time, Beijing will be able to use the Corridor’s new transportation links to faster deploy its forces to areas disputed by Pakistan and India.

    In early November in Beijing, Sharif signed Corridor pacts authorizing $45.6 billion in projects in his country. Of that total, $33.8 billion is allocated for electricity generation—the addition of 16,520 megawatts by 2021—and $11.8 billion for transportation infrastructure.

    The November pacts follow those signed this February, when the two countries inked deals to improve the Karakoram Highway and build an airport in Gwadar, a port on the Arabian Sea near the Iran border. The February agreements in turn came on the heels of one signed last year, when China and Pakistan agreed to build a fibre-optic cable from the Chinese border to the city of Rawalpindi, next to Pakistan’s capital.

    Chinese premier Li Keqiang called the Corridor, during his visit to Pakistan in May of last year, a “flagship,” and the ambitious undertaking is indeed a wonder to behold. The transport and communication links—roads, railways, cable, and oil and gas pipelines—will stretch 2,700 kilometers from Gwadar to the Khunjerab Pass, where the Karakoram Highway leaves Kashmir and enters China, not far from the Chinese city of Kashgar.

    Moreover, Islamabad will establish special economic zones in the Corridor where Chinese companies will locate operations. Beijing, as Tarique Niazi of the University of Wisconsin observed, is trying to “integrate Pakistan into the Chinese economy by outsourcing low-tech, labor-absorbing, resource-intensive industrial production,” and the Corridor initiative makes it easier to transform the client state “into a giant factory floor for China.”

    Beijing has obviously gone all-in on Pakistan. Sharif’s government will provide 15 percent of the financing for the cable to Rawalpindi, but almost all the rest of the Corridor projects will be on China’s tab. Pakistan does not have the money to pay for the large projects, and according to Khawaja Asif, Pakistan’s minister for water and power, Pakistan will not be incurring debt.

    Beijing, it appears, will be providing almost all the funding, which means it will, one way or another, own resulting cash flows as the projects are supposed to be profit-making. Chinese companies will participate in the building of the infrastructure, and Chinese banks, especially the China Development Bank and Industrial and Commercial Bank of China, will be providing financing. The Beijing-sponsored Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank, when it opens its doors for business next year, will probably support Corridor projects as well. Sharif, therefore, should be worried that the tide of Chinese cash will effectively turn his country into Beijing’s newest colony.

    All the prime minister has to do is look at Gwadar to see Beijing’s designs for Pakistan. China last decade provided about 75 percent of the funding for the strategic port’s first phase of development. In February of last year, Islamabad transferred operations of the port to China, specifically state-run China Overseas Port Holding Co. Many believe the Chinese navy will use the facility, eventually turning it into a formal base.

    For now, Beijing’s strategy is to build additional facilities in the port area so that it can then offload oil there and send it across the Himalayas to Xinjiang. On paper, the overland route eliminates the need to ship crude through the easily blocked Malacca Strait, but the Gwadar-Kashgar plan has its own vulnerabilities, especially at both ends.

    At the southern end, Gwadar is cut off from the rest of Pakistan by the separatist insurgency in Balochistan province, which has caused turmoil there since the 1960s. In the middle of last decade, Baloch separatists kidnapped and killed Chinese engineers in highly publicized incidents. As a result of the deteriorating situation, Beijing in 2009 decided not to go forward with a multibillion-dollar refinery planned for Gwadar.

    Sharif, as part of the just-signed Economic Corridor deal, promised to provide security for China’s projects, but his ability to honor the pledge is dubious. Baloch leaders have already expressed opposition to Beijing’s increased involvement in Gwadar. “We have not invited them,” says Amir Ahmed Suleman Daud, referring to the Chinese. His people, he states, have no choice but to “defend our land.”

    At the route’s northern end, in what Beijing calls the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region and local Uyghurs claim is the East Turkestan Republic, the security situation is rapidly deteriorating. So far, the Chinese have been able to put down resistance to their increasingly harsh rule, but Beijing’s policies look unsustainable. Transport links through Uyghur lands, therefore, are vulnerable to attack.

    Despite everything, Chinese leaders think they can, through money, solve the security problems at both ends of the Economic Corridor. That, however, is unrealistic as their policies have in fact only made matters worse, both in Balochistan and Xinjiang. As Syed Fazl-e-Haider, a Pakistani expert on development, perceptively wrote this year, “One should keep in mind that development does not bring peace, rather it is peace that brings development.” Pakistan, therefore, can end up a sinkhole for Chinese cash, which only exacerbates the insurgency problems in South Asia—and inside China’s borders as well.

    Beijing is not only creating militants and then taking them on. To make matters even worse, the Corridor enters China through an area India claims as its own. Beijing says it does not take sides in the territorial dispute over Kashmir, but at the beginning of this month, it abandoned its asserted neutrality. In a December 2 release, Xinhua News Agency stated that the Khunjerab Pass was “on the China-Pakistan border.” “The pass,” China’s official media outlet stated, “is a strategic point on the Karakoram Highway, which links China’s Xinjiang with Pakistan’s Gilgit-Baltistan region.” New Delhi, however, maintains Gilgit-Baltistan is part of India.

    In 2010, the Chinese government issued a similar statement, but withdrew it after New Delhi’s protest. The risk for Beijing this time is that militant Pakistan launches still another attack, which India counters with a drive of its own, thereby threatening to cut the Corridor in two.

    Pakistan has proven to be uncompetitive in the matchup with India: despite being led by military governments, the Islamic Republic has not been able to win wars against its large rival. So China is violating Oscar Wilde’s first rule of successful international relations: “A man cannot be too careful in the choice of his enemies,” he told us.

    To Indian analysts, the Economic Corridor looks like part of a “pincer strategy” of China and Pakistan closing ranks to confront their country. Moreover, it does not ease Indian concerns that in recent months there has been a growing Chinese military presence in the disputed region.

    Beijing, despite everything, looks like it is absolutely determined to do whatever it takes to first build and then secure its corridor running through the heart of Pakistan. Its plan, however, is almost certainly misconceived, bound to cause more turmoil in already troubled areas.

  17. #17
    Senior Member Amjad Hussain's Avatar
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    Jul 2013
    Pakistan Pakistan

    Analysis: Pakistan and the Chinese century

    Writing in Vanity Fair magazine recently, Nobel Prize-winning economist and one of the world’s top intellectuals Joseph E. Stiglitz highlighted a fact that marks the end of an era in world history and holds immense promise and benefits for Pakistan and its citizens.

    According to Stiglitz, at the turn of new year, China will become the world’s largest and most powerful economy — overtaking the US and thus launching an era which he says “will last for a very long time, if not forever”.

    How this has been established and why it has escaped the attention of the world’s news media is not the subject here and is best explained by the Nobel Prize-winning professor and the fourth most influential economist by academic citation himself.

    What is important for Pakistan is that this rise in its ‘greatest friend’s’ stature could be the most fortunate event in what has so far been a rather forgettable new millennium for Islamabad. From the fallout of the 9/11 attacks to the growth of internal insurgencies and an increasingly beleaguered economy, the country has been dragging itself along with predictions of doom and disaster hanging over its head.

    But China’s ascendancy — coinciding with the end of the Afghan conflict — means a new dawn could be approaching. It’s not all conjecture: between them, Pakistan’s past two governments have managed to inveigle a $43.5 billion investment deal from Beijing. What is needed now is the proper management and planning of the resulting schemes.

    “Pakistan must be more transactional in its relationship with China,” said Dr Akbar Zaidi, a senior economist. “Over the years a lot of MoUs have been signed but rarely have these been translated into actual projects.”

    Dr Zaidi cited the example of the Thar Coal project, launched with much fanfare in 2011 but which has since run into financial trouble. While the government insists that it’s still on, he says that past history suggests that it is highly unlikely to be completed on time, and may never actually get operational.

    “China has seen enough of Pakistan’s troubled governance to know that what is set in stone today may well all have melted away tomorrow,” he said.

    “They may put in amounts as seed money which may seem enormous, but which is peanuts for them — and then wait and see what sort of response comes from the national government in question. They have done this in Africa and Latin America, and have walked away when things got stuck in a rut.”

    Dr Zaidi’s hypothesis certainly remains true for most bilateral civilian projects. But it appears to lose weight when tested on defence cooperation between the two sides. Technology transfer for initial weapons development from China for the M-11 / HATF 3, or the co-production of weapons systems such as the F-7P jet have resulted in a Pakistani weapons production industry that now looks set to prosper.

    According to the ministry of defence production, military exports have doubled in the past year. This was clear at the recent IDEAS arms fair with greater interest shown in Pakistani defence goods than in those being displayed by renowned international firms.

    One reason for the weapons industry’s success in comparison to the civilian sector is the predominance of the Pakistan military in relations with any foreign power. However, if that was actually the case here, it would still not account for the number of MoUs signed or the fewer number of agreements reached in spheres that are purely civilian and where the grants given cannot be re-allocated to defence needs.

    Debate on investment

    The biggest current example is of course the Pakistan-China trade corridor, seen as a game changer for the country. It also remains a top priority for the current government, something emphasised by Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif himself. Yet the project, which envisages the construction of a vast transport and communications infrastructure to connect Chinese Kashgar to the Gwadar port, is already in dispute.

    “Our problem is that our priorities remain narrowly confined to political and provincial domains,” said Daud Khan Achakzai, head of the Pakistan senate subcommittee on communications and transport. “This project will be developed over a period of at least 15 years and it needs long-term vision and planning, whereas each new government has been trying to amend it to best benefit its constituency.”

    In such a move recently, the PML-N led government has diverted the original route through Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa and Balochistan, to include Punjab and parts of Sindh. This has resulted in an uproar from the benches, especially from KP and Balochistan MNAs.

    Achakzai, who is from Zhob, says that while he agrees that Punjab and Sindh should also derive benefits from the project, this should not be at the cost of an already greatly discriminated Balochistan.

    “Each province should get its just share; as should Pakistan,” he contends.

    “We must have a greater debate over the investment from China, as they stand to gain over 10 days in transport time for goods and energy. Currently, it takes them 12 days to ship goods and fuel from the Middle East, whereas the corridor would cut this down to 24 to 36 hours.”

    This is particularly important, as Stiglitz points out. He says that while China may have moved into the number one economy slot, that does not mean its pace of growth is going to slow down anytime soon. In particular, experts agree, this means a growth in its demand for fuel and oil will increase, the largest proven deposits of which lie around the Persian Gulf.

    As such, almost all indicators suggest that Beijing’s best years lie ahead. That’s something that its adversaries are well aware of and want to control as much as they can. None perhaps as much as the US, as is evident with current American President Barack Obama’s pivot to Asia policy which experts like Stiglitz maintain is nothing less than the encirclement and containment of the Chinese Dragon, preying on the fears of its smaller neighbours over territorial disputes.

    The only exception to this appears to be Pakistan. In a recent conversation with this reporter at a defence seminar, Chinese officials described the relationship between the two countries by clasping their hands together and calling the two nations “brothers”. While some of this may be rhetoric, there is also a strong element of truth in it. As such it puts Pakistan in an enviable position to propel itself through the 21st century. The only obstacles in the way appear to be self constructed; their timely removal could help propel Pakistan into a new league of economic success.

    Published in Dawn December 14th , 2014

  18. #18
    Member cb4's Avatar
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    Apr 2014
    Pakistan Pakistan

    Pakistan, China hold talks to review Free Trade Agreement

    Pakistan and China talks to assess the performance of Pak-China Free Trade Agreement (PCFTA) and to propose necessary changes of mutual benefit for the two countries was held on Monday.

    The PCFTA is in effect since 2006 and this is the third meeting of the second phase negotiations of the agreement in which Pakistan’s delegation was headed by Additional Secretary Ministry of Commerce Robina Ather and accompanied by officials from the federal board of revenue, ministry of industries, ministry of textile industry and ministry of food security and national research.

    The 10-member Chinese delegation, which will hold three-day FTA-review, talks was headed by Yao Wenliang, Deputy Director General of Ministry of Commerce of China, says a statement issued by the ministry of commerce. Other participants of the Chinese delegation included officials from Chinese ministry of industry and information technology, finance, agriculture, customs and department of quality supervision.

    In its assessment of the PCFTA, the ministry of commerce (MoC) expressed its concern over the insufficient utilization of the facilities provided under the PCFTA in which only few sectors had been able to reap the fruits of the favourable tariffs.

    Pakistan emphasized the importance to broaden its export-base to China by encouraging exports from all the sectors which falls under FTA and sought to enhance facilities and concessions on high value-added products. Pakistan also expressed its concern over the dilution of margin of preference due to China’s FTAs with other countries especially the ASEAN countries.

    The cost of exemption that the state exchequer has to bear due to tariff concessions under FTA also came under discussion. Pakistan also conveyed the concerns of the local industry which have to compete with the Chinese products despite the persistent energy crisis faced by the country.

    Both the sides agreed that the concerns expressed by the two countries will be taken into consideration on mutual benefit basis by readjustment and review of the FTA through provisions of the FTA.

  19. #19
    Senior Member Red Dragon's Avatar
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    Mar 2013
    China China

    China And Pakistan Are Geopolitical Friends

    When China sent swift condolences to Pakistan after the slaughter of over 130 schoolchildren in a terror attack in Peshawar last month, it was more than a perfunctory gesture.

    The two countries have such a long-standing and harmonious relationship that both sides sometimes come close to believing the official mantra that the ties that bind them really are higher than the highest mountains.

    Yet misgivings also abound, as Andrew Small, an Asia expert at the German Marshall Fund of the United States, points out in an impressive account of a little-understood friendship.

    China is growing increasingly squeamish about the dangers of having Islamist extremists just across the border. Chinese engineers working on aid projects in Pakistan have been killed by Pakistani extremists.

    In 2007 Chinese massage-parlour employees were held hostage by militants in Islamabad. The authorities in the capital do not do enough, the Chinese complain, to destroy Pakistani havens of the East Turkestan Islamic Movement, a Muslim separatist group drawn from the Uighur ethnic minority who live in China's western Xinjiang region.

    "China has a good understanding of almost everything in Pakistan, political, security or economic, that might affect the bilateral relationship, but there is one piece they just don't get: Islam," Mr Small quotes a Pakistani China specialist as saying. It was especially embarrassing to Pakistan that on the day the retiring head of the army, Ashfaq Parvez Kayani, paid his last visit to China in October 2013 a car with three Uighurs and packed with explosives burst into flames in Tiananmen Square.

    "The most damning narrative would be hard to shake off--that a Pakistan-based Uighur separatist group masterminded a successful suicide attack in the most visible location in China during the valedictory visit of Pakistan's army chief," Mr Small writes.

    Still, if there were recriminations they were not made public. Indeed, as Mr Small argues, China's ties with Pakistan, which were established during Mao's rule and are based on shared hostility towards India, thrive on many common interests. A long history of secret deals between their two armies--overrides the problems with Islamic extremism.

    Six years of research have enabled Mr Small to produce a detailed account of decades of close dealings between the two countries. In that time he won the confidence of many sources in the Chinese army, military intelligence and the security services. Their officials are as tight-lipped as the Pakistanis are garrulous. Yet he managed to loosen them up, at least enough.

    Mr Small describes a friendship that is more enduring and has far better prospects than Pakistan's up-and-down connection with America. The high points of that relationship--as when Pakistan facilitated the groundbreaking visit of Henry Kissinger to China in 1971 which led in turn to Richard Nixon's historic trip to Beijing and later during the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan--have long since passed.

    China helped Pakistan acquire the nuclear bomb, and is Pakistan's biggest supplier of military equipment. Now it is building two sizeable civilian nuclear reactors that should help ease the country's chronic energy shortfall. As China expands its reach throughout Asia, Pakistan has become central to its plans for a network of ports, pipelines, roads and railways that will bring oil and gas from the Middle East. The Chinese government is offering tens of billions of dollars for Pakistani projects, Mr Small says. As America's influence recedes, China is stepping in, though officials will doubtless keep a wary eye on Pakistan's nuclear weapons.

    Part of China's justification for spending so much is to bring stability to Pakistan, an argument that the Obama administration has also used, though with little success. Mr Small seems to think the Chinese will have better luck. He may be too optimistic about their ability to achieve much, but given the feckless Pakistani governance that he so ably describes, he has every right at least to hope the Chinese will help restore some order to the chaos.

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  20. #20
    Think Tank Muse's Avatar
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    Nov 2012
    UK UK

    Re: Pakistan-China ties growing exponentially: PM

    We always warm Chinese friends to be wary of Pakistani government officials, whether wearing business suits or uniforms, there is no lower form of life that we are aware of -- but why is this ?? Because Pakistanis jabe a great problem understanding the "Why" of things

    Pakistan cannot effectively counter terror of either a domestic or an international nature until it demonstrates the qualities of an effective state.
    Not only does Pakistan lack the basic capabilities that modern nation states must possess. It lacks them because it doesn't know why it should possess them. Pakistan's bureaucracy and parliament are crawling with LSE, Cambridge and Harvard graduates. This is not country that lacks generic capacity. It is a country that lacks a specific and overarching will. What use are the world's best classrooms, and most revered texts in the absence of a moral compulsion to use them? And how could they ever be used effectively in the absence of an institutional framework to regulate their use?
    Mosharraf Zaidi

    In China and elsewhere civil servants and uniformed technocrats work towards national purposes. among Pakistanis short of doing murder upon someone accused of blasphemy, larceny would be the next closest national purpose.
    It might change, of course, but then again, what is the incentive for change???
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