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    Senior Member Hafiz's Avatar
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    Lightbulb Construction of Hydropower Projects and Dams

    http://www.dailytimes.com.pk/default...-9-2013_pg5_12

    ISLAMABAD: Economic Affairs Division Secretary Nargis Sethi and US Ambassador to Pakistan Richard Olson signed the Revision 76 on behalf of Pakistan and US to the tune of $23.5 million for various projects. The Revision 76 to the Agreement was inked between the two countries on Tuesday in a ceremony.

    Under the Agreement/ Revision 76, the allocation of $23.5 million for various projects is as follows: Law Enforcement Reforms and Capacity Building ($15.5 million), Rule of Law ($2 million), Crop Control and Area Development ($3 million) and Demand Reduction ($3 million).

    The government of Pakistan and US have signed 75 Revision to date wherein a total of $700 million has been provided to Interior Division, Narcotics Affairs Division, Law and Justice Division for training, equipment and infrastructure support to police departments of Punjab, Sindh, Balochistan and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. Moreover, funds have been provided to support female officials working within police organisations and for schemes addressing inefficiencies in training of capacity building of officers and improving administration of provincial prisons system, modernising prison management philosophies and to promote adoption of humane detention and care of growing prisoner numbers.

    Thanking the US ambassador to Pakistan for the assistance, the secretary said that US has great contributions in the overall progress and development in different sectors in Pakistan. She thanked the ambassador on behalf of government of Pakistan.

    Olson while reiterating the US government commitment to the progress and prosperity of Pakistan expressed the confidence that the existing multidimensional partnership will further improve for greater benefit of the two countries.

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    Lightbulb Construction of Hydropower Projects and Dams

    Approved power projects under various stages of planning & development initiated or completed by Government in Pakistan. News & data has been compiled from various news items and links have been provided for reference. Information will be updated as work progresses on these



    1- Pakistan Power Park, Gadani
    Ten coal fired power plants, each with a capacity of 660MW. (Exact location in Gadani is not yet available, marker shows project vicinity)

    2- D. G. Khan Loralai Transmission Line
    90% work completed (29/8/2013)

    3- Dadu Khuzdar Transmission line
    70% work completed (29/8/2013)

    4- Grid Station D. G. Khan
    Completion Date April 2014

    5- Moro-Dadu Transmission Line
    500KV approved by ECNEC 29/8/2013

    6- Rehabilitation of Jamshoro Thermal Power Station

    Approved by ECNEC 29/8/2013

    7- Neelum-Jehlum Hydro Power Project
    Capacity 969MW, Completion date 2016 - Status on 26/09/2013 Overall Progress 51%, Tunnerls 59%, Excavation of Underground Power house 90.6%, Transformer Hall 100%.

    8- Chashma Nuclear Power Complex
    Chashma III, Capacity 340MW Completion 2016. Chashma IV Capacity 340MW Completion 2017

    9- AES-R.Y. Khan-Moro-Jamshoro Transmission Line
    500KV approved by ECNEC 29/8/2013

    10- Nandipur Thermal Power 425MW + 525MW
    425MW from Furnace Oil, 525MW from Gas. Production to Start in May 2014, Completion Dec 2014.
    60% Machinery on site

    11- Quaid-e-Azam Solar Park Lal Sohanra and Din Garh, Bahawalpur
    Park to be setup on 11,000 Acres, 100MW production to start early 2014

    12- Tarbela 4th Extension Hydropower project 1410MW
    1410MW Capacity, Cost $928 million, Completion time 3.5years, Contract for civil works signed on Sep 10, 2013

    13 - 50MW Sapphire Wind Power, Jhimpir

    14- Gomal Zam Dam 17MW

    15- Satpara Dam 17WM


    16- New Bong Escape Hydroelectric Power 94MW
    Laraib Hydro

    17- Duber Khawar Hydropower 130MW
    Estimated Completion date: 2013

    18- Jabban Hydro Power Project 22MW
    Started Production in 2013

    19- Chichoki Mallian Power Plant 525 MW

    20- Guddu Power Plant 750MW
    Completion Aug 2014

    21- UAE Gifted 320MW Power Plant, Nishatabad

    22- Lower Palas Valley Hydropower 665MW

    23- Lower Spat Gah Hydropower 665MW

    24- Uch 11 Power Project 405MW (IPP)

    25- Diamer Bhasha Dam 4,500MW
    Water storage: of 8.1 MAF. Rs.25 Billon earmarked for the project in 2013-14. 3/10/2013 Three Consortia have submitted bids for consultancy on the project.
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    Last edited by ReoSpeedWagon; 8th October 2013 at 19:35.

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    Construction of Hydropower Projects and Dams

    ALLAI KHWAR HYDROPOWER PROJECT

    Location:
    The Project is located on Allai Khwar River, left bank tributary of Indus River near Besham District Battagram in Khyber Pakhtun Khwa province at a distance of 245 Km from Islamabad.

    Scope of Work:
    Reservoir Dam structure Power intake , Sand Trap, Pressure Tunnel Power House (121 MW) Tailrace & Switchyard.

    Date of Commencement:

    Original (as per Contract) June 2003

    Date of Completion:
    Original (as per Contract) Expected June 2007

    Revised Jan 2009 / Mar 2013
    (MOU-2)


    Salient Features
    Design Discharge:21 m3/s
    Gross Head:692 m
    Headrace Tunnel Length:2.366 km
    Installed Capacity:121 MW
    Energy per annum:463 GWh

    - The power house is in commercial operation since 25th March 2013
    - The power house has supplied 328.422 M kWh to the national grid upto Aug
    2013.
















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    Last edited by ReoSpeedWagon; 8th October 2013 at 13:37.

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    Re: Construction of Hydropower Projects and Dams

    Fantastic progress. Want to make sure we keep the idiots away from this and destroying it
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    Re: Construction of Hydropower Projects and Dams

    [MENTION=1561]ReoSpeedWagon[/MENTION] Sir Ji yahan bhi kuch information ha, beshak yeh bhi yahan merge kar den, no objection

    http://www.pakistanaffairs.pk/thread...highlight=pmln

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    Re: Energy Projects initiated by PMLN (Complete Summry)

    Did you create the google map yourself?

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    Re: Energy Projects initiated by PMLN (Complete Summry)

    @ site admin.
    This is something to be shared on your FB page.
    Nobody knows about these projests...will give (false) hope to loadshedding stricken people of Pakistan
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    Re: Energy Projects initiated by PMLN (Complete Summry)

    Quote Originally Posted by safriz View Post
    @ site admin.
    This is something to be shared on your FB page.
    Nobody knows about these projests...will give (false) hope to loadshedding stricken people of Pakistan
    Agreed with Safriz

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    Re: Construction of Hydropower Projects and Dams

    Pak-US Neelum Jhelum Project accord signed

    WASHINGTON (Dunya News): Pakistan and the US have finalized an accord relating to the US assistance and cooperation in the Neelum Jhelum Hydro Power project.


    US assistance in Neelum Jhelum Hydro Power Project is part of its cooperation in helping Pakistan to overcome the severe energy crisis.

    Federal Finance Minister Ishaq Dar signed on the accord on behalf of Pakistan in a ceremony held here.

    Neelum Jhelum Hydro Power Project comprising of four units has installed capacity of 969 megawatts. Power generation from this project is expected to start by the end of 2015. It will help overcome energy crisis in the country in both agricultural and industrial sectors.

    http://dunyanews.tv/index.php/en/Pak...-accord-signed
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    Re: Construction of Hydropower Projects and Dams



    ISLAMABAD: Oct15 – Spill ways of Rawal Dam have been opened after reaching maximum level in the dam.
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    Re: Construction of Hydropower Projects and Dams

    84MW New Bong Escape Hydropower Project near Mangla, AJK

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    Re: Construction of Hydropower Projects and Dams

    View of Mangla Dam After Recent Raising Work.

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    Re: Construction of Hydropower Projects and Dams

    This is certainly exciting times. Hope the finances allow it.

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    Senior Member Amjad Hussain's Avatar
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    Energy solutions: Hydroelectric power – the way forward



    The new government has announced that the Diamer-Bhasha Project has the highest priority. Efforts should be made to start the construction of Bhasha and almost simultaneously Dasu 4320MW. Bhasha would also increase the life of Tarbela by 30-40 years. PHOTO: FILE
    ISLAMABAD:

    It really would be a cliché to say that the country requires more electrical power. For a long time, authorities have complained of shortage — the issue dragging on such that we feel that nothing can be done about it.

    But there is a solution. To produce electricity, coal, wind, solar power can all be used. But given the magnitude of our requirements there is only one source — our hydroelectric potential of over 60,000 megawatts. Only by recognising this and pursuing the project, can there be abundant and affordable electricity.

    As a member of the Planning Commission‘s Energy Working Group in 1990-1991, I identified 42 projects to produce over 40,000MW. I kept on striving for these hydroelectric projects at various seminars and conferences, and these were incorporated into a programme in the Water and Power Development Authority’s (Wapda) ‘Vision 2025’.

    Wapda was established for the integrated and multi-purpose development of the water-power resource. Under Ghulam Faruque, I belonged to a small group of engineers that formed the nucleus of the organisation in 1958. It soon became Pakistan’s largest development organisation with world-class engineers. Projects were completed on time, within stipulated periods.

    Role of hydroelectric resources

    As early as 1975, it was realised that economic development needed to be accelerated with hydel development. In 1975, a national conference was organised in Lahore. This was chaired by the then Minister of Water and Power Yusaf Khattak with Wapda and concerned federal secretaries along with 200 engineers taking part.

    In my keynote address, I emphasised on two issues. First, that since Tarbela was near completion, we should immediately undertake the process of constructing two major hydroelectric projects on the Indus and to take up the installed capacity to 12,000MW by 1982. Second was that the selection of these two projects should be undertaken through a ranking study by a reputable international consulting engineering organisation.

    My paper was accepted as the conference recommendation and the ranking study was finally completed in 1984, by the reputable Montreal Engineering Company. They ranked nine projects on the Indus, prepared and completed a detailed feasibility study of the top-ranked Bhasha Dam and hydroelectric project in 1984.

    Since they had not ranked Kalabagh, the Kalabagh lobby practically blacklisted them. However, a separate consulting engineering firm prepared and completed the feasibility study on Kalabagh, also in 1984.

    Since then, we could have built the three non-controversial mega projects, Bhasha, Dasu and Bunji to add 16,000MW power. But by stressing only on Kalabagh, not allowing construction of the other non-controversial mega projects, and impeding hydroelectric development, we have been faced with an inadequate power shortage, as well as over dependence on oil-powered and inefficient thermal power IPP’s coupled with their unaffordable cost.

    After many years of delay, work started on filling the gaps in Bhasha’s feasibility study. By 2005, the design and engineering documents were ready but to please the Kalabagh lobby, Bhasha was delayed.

    No further feasibility of the Bhasha is needed now and we must not fall into the trap of asking for more funds.

    The way forward

    The new government has announced that the Diamer-Bhasha Project has the highest priority. Efforts should be made to start the construction of Bhasha and almost simultaneously Dasu 4320MW. Bhasha would also increase the life of Tarbela by 30-40 years.

    We are not in a position to add 23,837MW by 2015 but hydropower can be our salvation in the power sector — the only indigenous and abundant resource that can make electricity affordable and cheap enough to cost around Rs2 per unit.

    Electricity from coal is Rs10, furnace oil over Rs16, gas over Rs4 and wind about Rs14 per 30,000MW in 10 years. It is imperative that we proceed and accelerate through hydel projects and this can be done if the government produces the will and commitment to pursue them.

    The writer is a former chairman of the Planning Commission Working Group on Hydropower and Alternate Energy

    Published in The Express Tribune, December 2nd, 2013.

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    Re: Energy solutions: Hydroelectric power – the way forward

    There is no shortage of power in Pakistan, if power theft can be curtailed. What’s the point of producing more power, by taking loans, when it is also going to be stolen ? It appears to me that Pakistan is a vast ATM for rich & powerful families to plunder as they please.

    Curtail line losses and enforce bill collection (Sindh government being Rs50 billion in arrears) and the energy “crisis” is solved. Charge interest on late payment to ensure everyone pays on time. If people are not happy with paying interest, call it surcharge to pacify them.

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    Re: Construction of Hydropower Projects and Dams

    Nai Gaj dam project’s benefits and public grievances

    Kachho, a desert cum mountainous area, forming the western track of Dadu District bordering Balochistan is peculiar due to its geography and topography.

    Despite being blessed with both surface and ground water as well other minerals, its major parts remain in the grip of natural disasters and majority of its dwellers live in abject poverty. If there are heavy rains and good flow from Nai Gaj and its subsidiaries not only Kachho becomes prosperous but the whole economy of Dadu District gets big boost.


    Due to absence of alternative sources of livelihood the residents of Kachho solely depend on rain-dependent cultivation. The surface water is found in the shape of hill torrents (rain streams) and rainwater stored in ponds and ditches. The ground water is also extracted by hand pumps, tube wells, bricked wells, dug wells, etc. Keeping in view the vagary of monsoon and uncertainty of supply of water various governments planned to construct a water reservoir by harnessing the abundant quantity of water of Nai Gaj.

    People of Kachho and Taluka Johi also vigorously demanded the construction of the dam. The government planned the dam with objectives of irrigated agriculture development, flood control, drinking water supply and fisheries development. Nai Gaaj starts from the spring Thakh in Khuzdar, Balochistan, and after passing Kachho it releases into Muncher.

    At present 60% of the population depends on Nai Gaj as it irrigates about 40,000 acres of Kachho, and the people that live in Kachho utilise this water to cultivate plants like wheat, barley, corn, tabasco and vegetables etc. The first desk study for the dam was carried out in 1969; second in 1993, and third in 2004. After the completion of the project 28,000 acres of land is estimated to come under cultivation. And if optimal techniques like drip irrigation are applied more land can be cultivated.

    But since the ground-breaking ceremony of the dam in 2005 the locals of Kachho area of Taluka Johi started a protest which continued throughout the year 2006. Recently Sindh United Party (SUP) Johi chapter launched a protest in which locals participated fully. In 2006 the protesters alleged that people of Taluka Johi, part of Kachho, have the first right on the dam but are being deprived of a large volume being diverted to KN Shah Taluka.

    Recent protesters have a wide range of complaints, including use of substandard material, deprivation of jobs for locals, issue of compensation of land, water not reaching the lands which were cultivated in southern area flooded during monsoon high flow of Nai Gaj and environmental issues, particularly threat of further degradation of livelihood and ecosystem of fresh water lake Manchar. I and Mashooque Birahmani accompanied two journalist friends – Amar Lashari and Wafa Birahmani – on a fact-finding visit.

    On the way we saw poorly constructed road in a poor condition due to plying of heavy vehicles which were engaged in the dam project. The large trenches in the fields have been dug in the surrounding areas to extract soil for the project. This was looking awkward and caused disturbance to flora and fauna of the area. It would have been better if the soil for filling purpose had been taken from one location, but there were haphazard and ubiquitous ditches spread in a large area. At the dam site, hundreds of the protesters were staging a sit-in at the main entrance point at the site of the dam. Majid, a local protester, said the piece of land, their only source of livelihood, has come under the dam. “Jobs are not being provided to us as all outsiders are appointed,” he said.

    Roshan Buriro, central information secretary of SUP, and Ghulam Qadir Leghari, president of Johi chapter, said all mega projects of WAPDA had proved big failures and this dam project is proving worst. They said that the issue of land compensation and jobs for locals are the main issues. He said they wanted standard work, otherwise this dam would prove a “water bomb” which may wipe out the adjoining area of Kachho and Johi city, in case mighty flow of Nai washes away the poorly constructed dam.

    We went ahead to observe the project work in progress where the in-charge said that more than 100 locals have been appointed and the allegation of substandard work is baseless. There we saw all outsiders who, by their complexion, seemed to be Pathans. A large number of them were in the age group of 10 to 14 and 16. This is child labour.

    Ali Sher Baloch, MD of the project, while giving the official position on the allegations of the protesters, said, “An international standard laboratory at the cost of four crores has been established on the site to check the quality and standard of the material before use, and the quality of the steel brought in trucks is checked with a instrument attached with every truck. If the material is even slightly unsuitable it is rejected forthwith on the spot and replaced with quality material, therefore there is no question of utilisation of substandard material in this mega project”.

    He said that “the project with the water storing capacity of 3.3 million acre feet is estimated to be completed in coming two years, as one-year work has already been completed”. Responding to the demand of the locals for jobs, Mr Baloch maintained that “the work on the project is heavy machinery-intensive, therefore we do not have capacity to absorb local unskilled labour. To fill the technical jobs we have hired the skilled labour from outside because we could not get the skilled labour locally”. He smiled on the complaint that even the watchmen were outsiders. He said that “more than 100 people have been appointed from the area, of which 67 belong to the surrounding villages”.

    http://dailytimes.com.pk/default.asp...12-2013_pg7_12
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    Re: Construction of Hydropower Projects and Dams

    Quote Originally Posted by ReoSpeedWagon View Post
    Nai Gaj dam project’s benefits and public grievances

    Kachho, a desert cum mountainous area, forming the western track of Dadu District bordering Balochistan is peculiar due to its geography and topography.

    Despite being blessed with both surface and ground water as well other minerals, its major parts remain in the grip of natural disasters and majority of its dwellers live in abject poverty. If there are heavy rains and good flow from Nai Gaj and its subsidiaries not only Kachho becomes prosperous but the whole economy of Dadu District gets big boost.


    Due to absence of alternative sources of livelihood the residents of Kachho solely depend on rain-dependent cultivation. The surface water is found in the shape of hill torrents (rain streams) and rainwater stored in ponds and ditches. The ground water is also extracted by hand pumps, tube wells, bricked wells, dug wells, etc. Keeping in view the vagary of monsoon and uncertainty of supply of water various governments planned to construct a water reservoir by harnessing the abundant quantity of water of Nai Gaj.

    People of Kachho and Taluka Johi also vigorously demanded the construction of the dam. The government planned the dam with objectives of irrigated agriculture development, flood control, drinking water supply and fisheries development. Nai Gaaj starts from the spring Thakh in Khuzdar, Balochistan, and after passing Kachho it releases into Muncher.

    At present 60% of the population depends on Nai Gaj as it irrigates about 40,000 acres of Kachho, and the people that live in Kachho utilise this water to cultivate plants like wheat, barley, corn, tabasco and vegetables etc. The first desk study for the dam was carried out in 1969; second in 1993, and third in 2004. After the completion of the project 28,000 acres of land is estimated to come under cultivation. And if optimal techniques like drip irrigation are applied more land can be cultivated.

    But since the ground-breaking ceremony of the dam in 2005 the locals of Kachho area of Taluka Johi started a protest which continued throughout the year 2006. Recently Sindh United Party (SUP) Johi chapter launched a protest in which locals participated fully. In 2006 the protesters alleged that people of Taluka Johi, part of Kachho, have the first right on the dam but are being deprived of a large volume being diverted to KN Shah Taluka.

    Recent protesters have a wide range of complaints, including use of substandard material, deprivation of jobs for locals, issue of compensation of land, water not reaching the lands which were cultivated in southern area flooded during monsoon high flow of Nai Gaj and environmental issues, particularly threat of further degradation of livelihood and ecosystem of fresh water lake Manchar. I and Mashooque Birahmani accompanied two journalist friends – Amar Lashari and Wafa Birahmani – on a fact-finding visit.

    On the way we saw poorly constructed road in a poor condition due to plying of heavy vehicles which were engaged in the dam project. The large trenches in the fields have been dug in the surrounding areas to extract soil for the project. This was looking awkward and caused disturbance to flora and fauna of the area. It would have been better if the soil for filling purpose had been taken from one location, but there were haphazard and ubiquitous ditches spread in a large area. At the dam site, hundreds of the protesters were staging a sit-in at the main entrance point at the site of the dam. Majid, a local protester, said the piece of land, their only source of livelihood, has come under the dam. “Jobs are not being provided to us as all outsiders are appointed,” he said.

    Roshan Buriro, central information secretary of SUP, and Ghulam Qadir Leghari, president of Johi chapter, said all mega projects of WAPDA had proved big failures and this dam project is proving worst. They said that the issue of land compensation and jobs for locals are the main issues. He said they wanted standard work, otherwise this dam would prove a “water bomb” which may wipe out the adjoining area of Kachho and Johi city, in case mighty flow of Nai washes away the poorly constructed dam.

    We went ahead to observe the project work in progress where the in-charge said that more than 100 locals have been appointed and the allegation of substandard work is baseless. There we saw all outsiders who, by their complexion, seemed to be Pathans. A large number of them were in the age group of 10 to 14 and 16. This is child labour.

    Ali Sher Baloch, MD of the project, while giving the official position on the allegations of the protesters, said, “An international standard laboratory at the cost of four crores has been established on the site to check the quality and standard of the material before use, and the quality of the steel brought in trucks is checked with a instrument attached with every truck. If the material is even slightly unsuitable it is rejected forthwith on the spot and replaced with quality material, therefore there is no question of utilisation of substandard material in this mega project”.

    He said that “the project with the water storing capacity of 3.3 million acre feet is estimated to be completed in coming two years, as one-year work has already been completed”. Responding to the demand of the locals for jobs, Mr Baloch maintained that “the work on the project is heavy machinery-intensive, therefore we do not have capacity to absorb local unskilled labour. To fill the technical jobs we have hired the skilled labour from outside because we could not get the skilled labour locally”. He smiled on the complaint that even the watchmen were outsiders. He said that “more than 100 people have been appointed from the area, of which 67 belong to the surrounding villages”.

    http://dailytimes.com.pk/default.asp...12-2013_pg7_12

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    Pakistan complete 380 MW power projects





    LAHORE: Water and Power Development Authority (WAPDA) claimed that Pakistan has almost completed several projects of generation capacity up to 380 megawatts of election under one-year plan.


    The visiting team comprised of officials of Pakistan Air Force (PAF), Navy and Army along with 16 others from allies’ countries under supervision of Air Commodore Shahid Lateef Bajawa.

    Member Water Hasnain Afzal, member power Rizwan Ahmed, Managing Director of NTDC Zia-ur-Rehman and senior officials of WAPDA welcomed the visiting team to their department.

    WAPDA officials briefed the team of the Pakistan Air Force (PAF) War College on their visit to the department for gaining knowledge regarding the country’s power and water projects.
    The team was brief that several projects for saving water up to 3.98 million acre feet and generation of 380 megawatts electricity has entering in their completion level.

    The WAPDA officials added that the country would be add capability to save more 2.5 million acre feet water as well as generator of electricity up to 13,000 mega watts during next 5 to 7 years.

    Member Water Hasnain Afzal told the visitors that Pakistan is currently having facilities to generate 60,000 megawatts election via wind mills.

    He detailed that Diamer Bhasha Dam for 4500 MW, Dasu hydro-power project of 4320 MW and Bonji hydro-power project 7100 MW are ready for the constructive work.
    http://www.thenewstribe.com/2013/12/...ower-projects/

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    Hydroelectric power projects help northern Pakistan

    Because the country suffers from a perennial power shortage, some localities are setting up independent plants to help meet demand.
    By Javed Aziz Khan
    2013-12-19


    SWAT – After suffering with 12-hour power breakdowns per day for years, residents of Swat's Kalam Valley and Chitral are developing their own small hydroelectric power generation units along the local rivers to ease the energy shortage.

    A small hydroelectric power project is shown in the Kalam area of Swat in January. Small power generating units are easing the power problems in northern Pakistan. [Javed Khan]

    The system depends on a river flow to spin the turbine, which is connected to a generator that converts the pressure into electricity and similar projects operate in Dir, Kohistan, Shangla and other districts of Gilgit-Baltistan.

    "A locally installed 40kVt small power generation unit costs Rs. 400,000 (US $3,725) and supplies electricity to a complete village, comprising more than 200 houses," Mohammad Asim, a resident of Ushoo town in Kalam, told Central Asia Online. "A household pays Rs. 20 (US 19 cents) for electricity for the entire month,"

    The money collected from residents is used to pay an employee that looks after the powerhouse, installed over a local river, he said.

    Who is behind the projects?
    The plants are typically set up by localities or by NGOs.

    "We have set up our own powerhouses with the help of an NGO … and the Agha Khan Rural Support Programme (AKRSP)," Ahmad Sabir, a resident of Lower Kuzh village in Chitral told Central Asia Online. The small hydroelectric power generating unit provides electricity to around 50 houses, he said.

    Upper Kuzh village has its own powerhouse, and residents pay about Rs. 15 (US 14 cents) per tube light, said Sabir, whose village is about 100km from Chitral's main city.

    Meanwhile, a 20KV hydroelectric power station has been constructed by the local Social Welfare Organisation on Jalband Road, said Islamuddin, a government official.

    But some well-off people in Chitral, Swat and other areas have their own power projects.

    "I have installed a 12 KV power generating unit for my house and are not much dependent on the public sector electricity. Around 15 such power generating units are installed in Bahrain town and surrounding areas," said Malik Nawaz, of Swat.

    Government, NGO assistance helps fund projects
    The state and province are kicking in funds for such projects.

    The Khyber Pakhtunkhwa government, in announcing the budget for fiscal year 2013-2014 in June, said "20 hydroelectric power generation units (medium level) will be among the 28 projects to be started during the financial year at the cost of Rs. 1,527m (US $14.2m)," said Sirajul Haq, senior KP finance minister. He said his government has discovered 20 sites for hydroelectric power stations that could generate thousands of megawatts of electricity.

    Federal Information Minister Pervez Rasheed also said Rs. 503 billion (US $4.7 billion) in loans has been given to fix load shedding. Load shedding is a persistent problem in Paksitan, where the demand for power is about 17,000MW, while output is only 13,000MW, he said.

    To ease the power crisis, several NGOs are providing financial and other support as they encourage locals to install their own small hydroelectric power units.

    "We had started the project with the establishment of three such units in 1991. Today there are around 180 micro projects in Chitral," said Masood-ul-Mulk, chief executive of the Sarhad Rural Support Programme (SRSP) NGO and a Chitral hydroelectric power project advocate. "My own village, Ayun, produces power through these generating units."

    "The only costly thing is the generator. Most of the people use Japanese-made generators to install in the power house," said Imranullah, an elder of Bahrain. The small hydroelectric units work because the people do not use air conditioners or other power-draining accessories.

    Benefits of the units
    The units are also easing the demands on the Water and Power Development Authority (WAPDA).

    The province currently generates around 4,000MW, but the power is supplied to the entire country and so the province's demand for 2,700MW sometimes goes unmet, Shaukat said.

    "These small hydroelectric power generation units do not come under our jurisdiction but indeed it is playing a great role in minimising burden over WAPDA," Shaukat Afzal, a director of the Peshawar Electricity Supply Company told Central Asia Online.

    The real test will come in winter, when the water level in the River Swat typically recedes, thus losing pressure to spin the turbines, but residents are optimistic that the hydroelectric power units will still be a help, but experts support the concept.

    "Utilising the potential energy of flowing water is a centuries-old concept and the local residents of north Pakistan have been benefitting from it for several decades now," said Dr. Asim Yousafzai, a Pakistani hydro geologist.

    North Pakistan presents a unique geologic setting where elevations rise and drop tremendously over short distances, he said.

    Precipitation is plentiful year round and, therefore, the rivers and streams are of perennial nature.

    "Power generation from small hydroelectric plants is the most viable option for North Pakistan," because they can be easily maintained and it doesn't require a high level of technical know-how to operate the plant, Asim told Central Asia Online.

    http://centralasiaonline.com/en_GB/a.../19/feature-01

  20. #20
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    Re: Construction of Hydropower Projects and Dams

    Pakistan and India to both get benefit from Kishanganga Dam



    HAGUE: After being reached by Pakistan over violation of bilateral agreements, the International Arbitration Court (IAC) passes its verdict in favour of Pakistan on Kishanganga Dam.

    The IAC, though allowed Indian to construct the dam project, has ordered it to give half of the dam water to Pakistan, who has reservations over the project.

    According to state media Pakistan approached the International Court of Arbitration on violation of Indian government against Indus Water Treaty 1960.

    The decision on the appeal of Pakistan, objections over the dam design, has been given after hearings for nine months.

    The project will also have a hydopower plant up to 330 Mega Watt electricity.
    http://www.thenewstribe.com/2013/12/...shanganga-dam/

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