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    The klub missile family

    The Klub missile family
    The Yekaterinburg-based Novator Design Bureau has developed a new cruise missile system
    designated Klub (NATO: SS-N-27 & SS-N-30) and is sometimes referred to as the Club, Biryuza and
    Alpha / Alfa. The Klub ASCM (anti-sub/ship cruise missile) has been designed to destroy submarine
    and surface vessels of all known types and also engage static/slow-moving targets, whose co-
    ordinates are known in advance, even if these targets are protected by active defences and electronic
    countermeasures. There are presently, two 'known' modifications of the system; Klub-S (for
    submarines) and Klub-N (for surface vessels). The latter can be installed in vertical launch cells or in
    angled missile boxes, depending upon operational requirements. Both systems are based on common
    hardware, the only difference being the design of the missile launchers and the missile transport-
    launching containers. Both modifications come in the supersonic 3M54E or the subsonic 3M54E1 AShM
    (anti-ship missile) variant and the 3M14E LACM (Land Attack Cruise Missile) variant. Klub-S can also
    be armed with the 91RE1 anti-submarine missile and Klub-N with the 91RE2 anti-submarine missile.


    The Klub missile family. From the left 91RE2, 91RE1, 3M54E, 3M54E1


    3M54E1 / 3M54E1 (SS-N-27 Sizzler)


    The 3M54E three-stage anti-ship missile consists of a booster, a subsonic cruise low-flying sustainer
    stage and a low-flying supersonic terminal stage. For surface vessels of smaller displacement or with
    shortened torpedo launchers, the system uses the 3M54E1 anti-ship missile, which has a booster and
    a subsonic cruise sustainer stage, but carries a heavier warhead than the 3M54E missile. After launch
    from either a vertical or angled deck-mounted launcher or from a submarine torpedo tube, the 3M54E
    and 3M54E1 follow similar trajectories. At an altitude of up to 150 metres, the solid-propellant booster
    is jettisoned, the under-fuselage air intake is extended, and the air-breathing sustainer engine is
    started. At the same time the wings and tail surfaces are extended, and the weapon descends to its
    cruising altitude of 10 to 15 metres above sea level. At a distance of up to 30 to 40 km from the
    target, the missile climbs to higher altitude and activates its ARGS-54 active homing radar seeker.



    The pointed nose of the supersonic rocket, which forms the payload of the deadly 3M54E AShM,
    protrudes from the front of the complete missile


    Developed by the Radar-MMS company of St. Petersburg, the ARGS-54 seeker has a maximum
    operational range of 60 km. As the missile continues towards the target at subsonic speed, the seeker
    scans from +45º to -45º in azimuth, and from and +10º to -20º in elevation. The ARGS-54 is 70 cm
    long, 42 cm in diameter, and weighs 40 kg without the radome. It can operate in precipitation
    conditions of up to 4mm/sec and in heavy sea conditions of up to sea state 6. After the target is
    detected and the seeker has locked on, the 3M54E1 flies on at high subsonic speed to destroy the
    target. The 3M54E, on the other hand, reaches its target in a different manner. At 20 km from the
    target, the 3M54E's supersonic solid rocket-powered third-stage terminal 'dart' separates from the
    missile, descends to 3 to 5 metres above sea level and accelerates to a supersonic speed of Mach 2.9
    in a zigzagging terminal run to hit its target. On the one hand helps in penetration of the enemy ship's
    air defenses, but on the other hand, due the high velocity the missile to become aerodynamically
    heated, giving it a relatively high infrared signature.


    The 3M51E on display in 1996, by Novator NPO, in front of a Su-27IB Flanker.The scoop for the turbojet is visible to the rear of the missile.

    A universal FCS is used to plan the flight mission, upload this to the missile, and conduct pre-launch
    preparations. Both versions use a common shore-based system for planned inspection and
    maintenance of the missiles. Since the different types of missile are compatible with a common
    shipboard system, the user can load the vessel with whatever mix of weapons is best suited to the
    planned mission. An un-named official with the Novotar Design Bureau, when describing the 3M54E
    variant, said "The Alfa combines aspects of the U.S. Harpoon and French Exocet besides the U.S.
    Tomahawk. This configuration offers speed, better fuel economy and a greater accuracy rate than the
    current Western missiles. Once launched from ship, submarine or aircraft, the 1.5 ton missile cruises
    at subsonic speed 4.5 meters above the sea to evade radar."

    The supersonic 3M51E, with wings extended. The missile also goes by the designation, ASM-MS.

    Both the 3M54E1 and 3M54E are small weapons which are difficult to detect on radar, especially
    should even basic radar signature reduction techniques be applied to them. The use of a bandpass
    radome and minimal absorbent coatings could push the weapon’s head on radar cross section down to that of a large grapefruit.

    The subsonic 3M54E1's two stage motor gives it a long reach of 300 km .The first-stage booster of the 3M54E1 missile

    The official adds, "At around 40 miles to its approach to the target, the forward section of the missile
    separates and ignites a solid booster, which rockets the missile to a supersonic speed of Mach 2.9.
    The purpose of this is to defeat current anti-missile systems with the Alfa missile's sheer speed. By
    the time the missile is within enemy radar range, it is already doing Mach 2.9. Within seconds it will
    be upon its target, even before existing anti-missile systems can fire their engines. Its ability to attack
    land targets is enhanced by a new homing and guidance system that put it in the Tomahawk league."
    The Klub presents new challenges to Western defenses like Phalanx CIWS and Aegis currently found
    aboard many Western-built naval vessels. The Klub-S ASCM is planned to be incorporated into
    Russia's next generation Amur Class submarine, reportedly of which the first vessel is being built for
    the Indian Navy. However, that is yet to be confirmed from reliable sources.(The article is from 2005)

    91RE1 / 91RE2 (SS-N-27 Sizzler)

    The 91RE1 (Klub-S) and 91RE2 (Klub-N) anti-submarine torpedoes, use a separating underwater
    missile with a hydro-acoustic seeker and have been designed to destroy submarines. They differ only
    in their booster configuration. In the Klub-S, the missiles are launched from the submarine's torpedo
    tubes, while the Klub-N uses ship-mounted launchers and so can fire in any direction.

    The submarine-launched 91RE2 anti-submarine missile.

    Both variants use a rocket-booster to reach the designated target area. This considerably extends the
    target-engagement range in comparison to a conventional torpedo. In the case of the 91RE2 variant,
    it allows surface vessels to create a far larger defensive perimeter against submarine threats. The
    91RE2 weights 1200 kg and has a maximum range of 40 km. The 91RE1 variant allows the launch
    submarine to engage the target submarine much earlier than a conventional tube-launched torpedo.
    The 91RE1, is designed to be launched from a 533mm torpedo tube at depths of up to 150 meters
    while the launch submarine is traveling at up to 15 knots. The missile weighs a total of 2050 kg. At
    the maximum launch depth, target engagement can be at a range of up to 50 km.

    ship-launched 91RE1 anti-submarine missile

    The 91RE1 and 91RE2 anti-submarine missile have a largely ballistic flight profile. The maximum
    velocity indicated in the table below relates to the ballistic phase, and not the speed at which the
    weapon emerges from the torpedo tubes or re-enters the water! The missile continues to accelerate
    during its burn, until the motor cuts out and it coasts to the top of its trajectory. The APR-3 torpedo
    payload is released and a parachute is deployed to reduce velocity and prevent break up on splash
    down, upon which the torpedo engages the target submarine.

    The first-stage booster of the 91RE1 missile



    The APR-3ME rocket torpedo, the payload of the 91RE1 missile


    3M14E (SS-N-30)

    The 3M14E LACM has been designed to destroy ground-based targets and consists of a booster stage
    and a subsonic low-flying sustainer stage. The onboard control system includes a barometric altimeter
    used to maintain altitude in terrain-following mode (making the weapon stealthier than designs which
    rely on radar altimeters), plus a receiver for the GLONAS Satellite navigation system. The missile has
    a low flight altitude, 20 meters above sea and 50-150 meters over land. At the terminal stage of the
    flight the guidance is effected by the ‘Korrelatsionaya’ system. This guidance system employs a Scene
    Matching Area Correlator package, which guides the missile to a set of coordinates within a
    preprogrammed image surrounding the target – it is similar technology to the DSMAC in the BGM-109
    Tomahawk. European sources claim this guidance package can hit completely hidden targets providing
    their location is well known relative to visually prominent features surrounding the aimpoint.

    With the exception of the supersonic terminal stage, the 3M14E LACM flies largely in subsonic mode.

    The missile exists in two versions - the 3M14E for submarine-launch and the 3M14TE for surface
    ships. Designed to be fired from standard 533mm torpedo tubes, the missile is almost identical in
    shape to that of the Klub-S / Klub-N 3M54E1 anti-ship missile. Pre-launch preparation and handling
    are done using the same hardware as is used for the other missiles of the Klub-S / Klub-N system.
    The only difference between the two land-attack variants is that the 3M14E can be launched from a
    depth of 30-40m below the sea surface, while the 3M14TE surface ship version is compatible with
    vertical or slant launch from the TPS (transportno-puskovoy stakan) transport-launching container.
    The modified 3M14EE missile fitted with an enlarged conventional unitary fragmentation warhead or
    bomblets (a mix of incendiary, AP, HE, which can be varied to meet requirements).


    The 3M14E's two stage motor gives it a long reach of 275 km.

    The 3M14E and 3M14TE are intended for use against stationary ground targets such as administrative
    and economic centres, weapon and petrochemical storage areas, command posts, seaports, and
    airports. Once the mission data needed by the mid-course navigation system has been prepared, it is
    loaded into the missile's onboard computer prior to launch.
    Both versions are launched under the power of a tandem solid-propellant rocket booster fitted with
    four small lattice stabilisers. Once the missile has reached flying speed, it is powered by a small
    turbojet engine.
    For most of the flight to the target area, the missile flies autonomously, following the pre-programmed
    route and turning points. Once over land, it uses a terrain-following flight path that will make it a
    difficult target for enemy air defences. This low-level flight mode poses a higher load on the wings and
    missile structure than flight over the sea surface, so the land-attack missile has slightly redesigned
    wings of shorter span and deeper chord, plus a stronger structure.


    A close up shot of the 3M-14E's missile fins which it uses to maintain attitude control during flight

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    Last edited by Jagga; 13th August 2013 at 01:28.

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    Re: The klub missile family



    The Following 2 Users Say Thank You to Jagga For This Useful Post: Alpha1,Hope


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    Re: The klub missile family

    Ok..i am done now...if anybody wants to add more info on klub class missiles,please feel free..
    This article does not have info aboutindian submarines armed with klub class missiles..feel free to add.
    The Following User Says Thank You to Jagga For This Useful Post: Alpha1


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    Re: The klub missile family



    The Following 3 Users Say Thank You to Jagga For This Useful Post: Alpha1,Hope,sparkling


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    Re: The klub missile family

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    Re: The klub missile family

    Quote Originally Posted by Jagga View Post


    awesome pics.....

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    Senior Member Alpha1's Avatar
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    Re: The klub missile family

    [SIZE=3]The successful underwater test firing of the K-15 Submarine Launched Ballistic Missile (SLBM) 28 January 2013 by the DRDO is a remarkable achievement, considering that only five countries possess this capability. The missile incorporates advanced technologies, which make it a reliable nuclear delivery system. The missile is to be integrated with the Indian SSBN INS Arihant, which can reportedly carry twelve such missiles.

    Technical Analysis

    The missile is reported to have attained an apogee of around 40 to 50 km, which is extremely depressed. This indicates two aspects. Firstly, the actual range of the missile is much more than the declared one. The range could be further increased by payload (one metric ton) trade-off. Secondly, this missile has a high probability of penetrating any missile defence system as it has some vital combinations: speed and a low trajectory. The low trajectory helps to avoid early radar detection and also may confuse the missile defence fire control algorithm from identifying it as a threat, while the hypersonic velocity reduces the reaction time of the defence systems.

    The missile is reported to have achieved very high accuracy despite being launched in a relatively depressed trajectory. The underwater test launches conducted so far were done from a submerged pontoon at a depth of 50m simulating a submarine launch, which is similar to a launch from a pre-surveyed launch site on land. The geographical data fed to the Inertial Navigation System (INS) will be very precise, the only difference being that the missile had to take into count the hydrodynamics involved until it surfaces. The same missile, when launched from a SSBN on patrol, does not enjoy this advantage. Any navigational error in the SSBN navigation system will be transferred to the missiles’ onboard guidance system. This error is bound to compound as the missile travels over long distance, degrading its Circular Error Probable (CEP). This acquired error can be reduced to some extent, if in future, a GPS aided INS is used. A point to be noted here is that an error of few tens of meters does not matter much if the payload is a nuclear warhead.

    Deterrence Value

    The missile is reported to have a range of 700 km when launched in the conditions under which it has been tested so far. This limited range becomes a serious constraint. For example, this missile cannot reach Islamabad or Lahore even when the boat positions itself close to the Pakistani shore. The only major city that the boat can threaten from a safe distance is the port city of Karachi.

    For strikes against China, the boat has to position itself inside the first island chain to get within striking distance of Shanghai. Worse, to reach within striking distance of Beijing, it has to operate in the Yellow Sea or Bohai Sea, which is close to one of the Peoples Liberation Army Navy’s (PLAN) bases, which is also a base for its submarine fleet. This will be a highly risky endeavour. Hence, as a sea based deterrent, this missile has relatively very limited value. The DRDO is also developing the K-4 SLBM that reportedly will have a maximum range of 3500km, which when deployed, will enable the submarine to operate from a longer distance to be within striking distance of the target and complete the triad in the real sense. India needs three SSBN platforms to maintain 24×7 presence of at least one submarine in the waters around China.

    How does the ‘Sea based deterrence’ affect Pakistan’s nuclear equation?

    Pakistan, for the past few years, has been increasing its nuclear arsenal with a focus on tactical nuclear weapons with an aim to deter any major Indian conventional offensive action. But the concept of tactical nuclear strike makes little sense because India would consider it a first strike even if it is used against Indian forces inside Pakistani territory. Hence, any Pakistani first strike ought to focus on Indian nuclear forces in an attempt to cripple India’s retaliatory capability. With the induction of sea based deterrence, this option for Pakistan could be seriously weakened. This development is bound to upset Pakistani nuclear strike calculations, and might force Pakistan to improve its Anti Submarine Warfare (ASW) capability.

    The crucial point is whether India’s push towards deploying sea based deterrence will compel Pakistan to further increase its nuclear arsenal. Any increase in the nuclear arsenal beyond what Pakistan considers as required for minimum deterrence does not seem to serve any useful purpose, and this minimum deterrence estimation would have included the possibility of an Indian first strike. An increase would in no way be a counter to an Indian sea-based deterrent force. Besides, it will put an unnecessary burden on Pakistan’s already strained economy.

    Conclusion

    The K-15 is a good weapon in terms of technological sophistication.

  8. #8
    Senior Member Alpha1's Avatar
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    Re: The klub missile family

    However,
    the missile’s range
    appears to be its only
    drawback even when
    launched in the minimum energy trajectory, where the range could be little above 1000 km. To have effective sea-based deterrence, the range of the delivery vehicle should at least be above 2000 km. Nevertheless, it
    is a good start and once effective sea based deterrence is in place, it certainly would tilt the balance in favour of India, at least within the subcontinent.
    http://www.eurasiareview.com/0404201...tand-analysis/

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    Member Ravi01's Avatar
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    Deal for high altitude UAVs likely

    An agreement or announcement to this effect is likely when U.S. President Barack Obama visits India as the chief guest for the Republic Day ceremony next month, sources informed The Hindu.

    India and the U.S. are negotiating a deal for the purchase of high altitude, long endurance (HALE) Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV).

    An agreement or announcement to this effect is likely when U.S. President Barack Obama visits India as the chief guest for the Republic Day ceremony next month, sources informed The Hindu.

    Though the variant and the numbers are not known, it has been learnt that the UAV in question is most likely the Northrop Grumman RQ-4 Global Hawk, a non-combat drone and the largest unmanned aircraft system built by the U.S.

    Global Hawk is a HALE Unmanned Aircraft System (UAS) with extraordinary intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance (ISR) capabilities, providing near-real time, high resolution imagery of large geographical areas both during the day and night, in all types of weather.

    The Global Hawk has an endurance of over 24 hours and can operate at an altitude of 60,000 feet. The U.S. has extensively deployed it in Afghanistan and Iraq.

    It has further been upgraded as the MQ-4C Triton maritime surveillance platform for the U.S. Navy.

    http://www.thehindu.com/news/nationa...cle6711371.ece

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