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  1. #1
    Media Editor Razamustafa76's Avatar
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    Pakistan National Security Policy



    KARACHI: Central leader of Pakistan People’s Party (PPP) Senator Raza Rabbani on Monday urged the federal government to avoid relying on civil and military bureaucracy for formulating national security policy of the country.

    He expressed these views while addressing a press conference at Karachi Press Club. Senior PPP leader Taj Haider, Rashid Rabbani and Waqar Mehdi were also present on the occasion.

    Rabbani urged Interior Minister Chaudhry Nisar Ali Khan to ensure parliamentary input with inclusion of politicians in the task force constituted by the federal government to resolve issues.

    He also strongly condemned Indian aggression on border, but said Pakistan government wanted peaceful solution to all problems through dialogues between the two countries.

    The PPP leader further said that US Secretary of State John Kerry, during his recent visit to Pakistan, had repeated the mantra of do more in sugarcoated words. He expressed concerns over recent wave of terrorism in the country and blamed it on lack of national security policy.

    He said the PPP would not indulge in point scoring and would play constructive role on national issues.

    Senator Rabbani stressed that all the political parties, military and civil leadership should be on the same page to address the national issues facing the country.

    He also highlighted lack of coordination amongst security agencies and presented number of recommendations to the federal government to cope with the problems facing the country with special focus on national security.

    http://dawn.com/news/1035443/rabbani...ecurity-policy

  2. #2
    Senior Member Hope's Avatar
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    Re: Rabbani seeks politicians’ role in formulating national security policy

    avoid relying on civil and military bureaucracy for formulating national security policy

    What a joke. All institutions need to work together to deal with these matters
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    Re: Rabbani seeks politicians’ role in formulating national security policy

    Parliamentarians will get a chance to play their role, lets see the quality of legislation they will craft to rob extremist ideas of legitimacy in society, especially in the education system - but don't count it, just sayin
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    Re: Rabbani seeks politicians’ role in formulating national security policy

    Use of chemical, biological weapons by non-state actors cannot be ruled out: NSP draft\



    The draft of the proposed National Security Policy, a copy of which was acquired by Express News on Tuesday, warned of possible chemical or biological weapons use by non-state actors.

    According to Express News, the draft reveals how Pakistan has suffered losses worth $78 billion over the past decade due to various acts of terror. The draft further stated that the Ministry of Defence has the infrastructure in place to deal with non-state armed groups and terrorists.

    The draft recommended that existing laws be reviewed in light of existing security threats.

    Furthermore, the 33 intelligence agencies will work under the National Counter Terrorism Authority (NACTA) directorate. NACTA will also have the authority to contact international agencies in its aim to counter threats to national security.

    The draft stated that religious seminaries will be brought under the national fold in terms of curriculum and operation. It was also proposed that counter-terrorism departments will be established in every province.

    The draft also mentioned that measures will be taken to prevent the wrong use of social media.

    The federal cabinet on Tuesday approved the Internal Security Policy and will announce its details tomorrow, Express News reported.

    Members of the cabinet have decided that if the Taliban want to continue talks, they should announce and implement an unconditional ceasefire.

    The cabinet meeting was headed by Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif.

    Interior Minister Chaudhry Nisar will disclose more details about the policy, in the National Assembly, on February 25.

    It was decided in the meeting that surgical strikes will be carried out in response to all terrorist attacks, not just those which target the security forces, Express News correspondent Aamir Ilyas Rana reported.

    The prime minister asserted that the government had taken up negotiations with the Taliban in all sincerity and in good faith. We had made special arrangements for their assigned committee to visit Waziristan for counselling. But, inresponse, they attacked our armed forces and innocent Pakistani civilians. They have made negotiations a fruitless exercise in futility.

    Nawaz Sharif said Taliban should not take the government’s desire for peace as its weakness, adding that the writ of the government shall be implemented at all cost.

    Two cabinet members – Jamiatul Ulema-e-Islam – Fazl (JUI-F)’s Akram Durrani and Abdul Ghaoor Haideri did not come to attend the meeting.

    It was also agreed in the meeting that the government will take care that the women and children stay safe in the operations.

    Prime Minister Nawaz stated during the meeting that special care will be given to internally displaced persons (IDPs) who are negatively impacted by the aerial strikes.

    Information minister

    The Information Minister Pervaiz Rashid, in an interview to Radio Pakistan on Tuesday, said that the prime minister still prefers to bring peace to the country through dialogue with Taliban to avoid further bloodshed.

    He further said the government will make a formal announcement if it decides to launch a military operation in North Waziristan, and in such a situation all appropriate measures will be taken to protect the local population as was previously done during the Swat operation.

    He welcomed the PTI Chief Imran Khan’s statement about supporting a targeted military operation against groups who resort to violence and attack the security forces.

    http://tribune.com.pk/story/675920/f...-from-taliban/

  5. #5
    Forum Administrator bilalhaider's Avatar
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    Re: Rabbani seeks politicians’ role in formulating national security policy

    I don't know why they think the enemy is invisible, it is quite evident and clear who it is:

    National security: Govt pleads for consensus against ‘invisible enemy’



    The government on Wednesday shared the contours of the first-ever national security policy with lawmakers in the National Assembly, urging the political leadership to come on the same page in order to eradicate terrorism.

    “We need consensus since our enemies are invisible and scattered,” said Interior Minister Chaudhry Nisar Ali Khan as he briefed the lower house of parliament on the salient features of the much-awaited policy.

    The minister pointed out that despite repeated invitation, only the Muttahida Qaumi Movement had offered its input during the crafting of the policy. No other parties bothered to respond, he added.

    “Although not an easy task, ensuring national security is our prime priority because it concerns the nation’s survival,” Nisar told the lawmakers.

    Sharing details, the interior minister – who played a major role in formulating the new policy – said the 100-page policy document comprised three parts: secret, strategic and operational. The first of these, he added, dealt with day-to-day affairs and would be kept secret.

    According to Nisar, the National Counter-Terrorism Authority (Nacta) would become the country’s premier department in the fight against terrorism under the new policy. He lamented the treatment accorded to Nacta in the past and said the government would review it from scratch.

    The policy also envisages setting up a joint intelligence directorate to coordinate effectively among spy agencies, the minister said. In addition to that, the government will set up an internal security division and raise a rapid response force under the police, he added.

    “A 500-strong rapid response force will initially be set up in Islamabad… the prime minister will later discuss raising similar forces in the provinces with their respective governments,” Nisar said.

    Censuring the previous governments for their inaction over terrorism, the minister said the PML-N government could either continue with the status quo or move forward with the commitment to put an end to extremism in Pakistan. “We opted for the latter and brought a policy within a record period of five months,” he said.

    Secrecy around policy persists

    Despite announcing a day earlier that it would unveil the security policy document before the National Assembly (NA), the government did not share any document with the lawmakers on Wednesday.

    Speaker Sardar Ayaz Sadiq, too, had said that the policy document would be shared with the lawmakers so that they could give their input. By the end of the day, however, it still remained more or less a ‘top secret’.

    Talking to The Express Tribune, sources privy to developments regarding the new policy said lawmakers were not the only ones denied access to the policy document. Many members of the federal cabinet were kept from seeing the document, they said.

    “The draft of the policy was only shared with four ministers,” one official said. “When some of the ministers insisted they be given a copy of the draft, they were simply asked to wait,” he added.

    Status of peace talks

    Nisar told the lawmakers that the government had tried to pursue dialogue with the Taliban, but the overture was not taken seriously by the other side. He added that the various attacks, in Bannu and in Karachi, and the killing of Frontier Corps soldiers following the initiation of talks could not be overlooked.

    “After these acts, the prime minister said ‘enough is enough’ and took a decision… we reviewed our policy and the precision air strikes [in Waziristan] are a result of this,” he said.

    Nisar stressed that the government had issued clear directives to avoid collateral damage in these air strikes and ensure the safety of citizens. The minister, on the other hand, urged the media to avoid providing undue coverage to those waging war against the nation.

    Govt is not confused: PM

    “The government is not confused… we are very clear [about how to proceed against militancy],” Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif said on Wednesday in response to concerns raised by Leader of Opposition in Syed Khursheed Shah.

    The prime minister, who was present when the interior minister shared major aspects of the policy with the lawmakers, said the government had nothing to hide about talks with the Taliban. He assured the opposition that his government would meet with leaders of all political parties to bring an end to confusion and discuss what measures against militancy can be taken in the future.

    In a statement made earlier, Shah had said the government appeared to not know how to proceed against militants.
    http://tribune.com.pk/story/676666/n...visible-enemy/

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    High-level huddle: Provinces to be woven into security fabric

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    ISLAMABAD / PESHAWAR:

    The government is planning to weave all four provinces into a sweeping security strategy it is crafting through a series of initiatives within the next few days, Interior Minister Chaudhry Nisar Ali Khan announced on Thursday.

    For the purpose, an exhaustive consultative session on security will be held with all provincial chief ministers, senior officials and members of parliament, the minister said.

    According to Chaudhry Nisar, the upcoming meeting will be attended by elected representatives of the National Assembly and the Senate. Delegates will look at ways to improve coordination between the provinces as they pore over the question of law and order.

    Sharing the details of Thursday’s meeting on security issues held at the Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa Governor House, Chaudhry Nisar said that the discussion focused on “internal security measures” and the “integrity of the country”.

    The minister also said that the federal and Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa government are moving in the same direction to tackle law and order and security issues.

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    The minister added that the government had drafted a comprehensive National Security Policy within six months. He said a clause would be added in the policy to take provincial governments on board to have better intelligence sharing between the police and other law enforcement agencies, as before the drafting of this policy, there was no coordination between the 26 intelligence agencies of the country.

    A joint directorate of all intelligence agencies will also be created.

    Ceaseless efforts for peace

    Nisar said the government and Taliban peace committees are making continuous efforts and contacts to resume talks. He added, however, that the dialogue process cannot proceed amid continued violence and that “another route” would be taken if it did not succeed.

    “If they [Taliban] want to carry on the negotiations process for peace, they must shun the path of violence and bloodshed,” Nisar told a news briefing at the Governor House.

    To a question about the Taliban’s claim that security forces had killed members of the faction, Nisar said that such reports were based on fiction and were part of a negative propaganda against security forces.

    Waziristan retaliatory raids ‘successful’: Sartaj

    In Islamabad, Sartaj Aziz, the adviser to the prime Minister on national security and foreign affairs, said that the recent targeted airstrikes against militants in Waziristan have been “effective” and “successful”.

    Aziz explained that the government’s own attempts to find a non-violent solution to militancy were not reciprocated by the TTP. “We did not get a positive response from the TTP’s side in the dialogue process.”

    Over 100 militants, including foreign fighters, have been killed in several rounds of airstrikes targeting militant hideouts in the tribal areas since February 19.

    Speaking about the National Security Policy, he said the details of the policy shared by Chaudhry Nisar in parliament on Wednesday did not cover its entire scope. “Let me clarify that the policy points discussed in parliament were about the internal security policy,” he said. “The internal security policy is one part of the National Security Policy, which is much larger and wider.”

    The National Security Policy is still evolving and will integrate the foreign and defence policies, Aziz explained. He said the country’s defence policy will also be announced soon.

    Security gear for Peshawar

    Accompanied by Chief Minister Pervaiz Khattak, K-P Governor Engineer Shaukatullah Khan, IGP K-P Nasir Khan Durrani, Chief Secretary Shahzad Arbab, and other high-ranking officials, the interior minister said that the government has decided to import more than 65 vehicles, with a capacity to detect Improvised Explosive Device (IEDs) and bombs, from China. He added that about four vehicles will arrive in a few days; while 50 more will gradually be imported.

    He said the around 500 to 2,000 forces would be recruited in the Rapid Response Force, which will be equipped with the latest technology along with other defense and protective gadgets.

    “Unless we do not equip law enforcement agencies with the latest technology and modern warfare instruments, we cannot come to a better position on the defense front,” Nisar maintained.
    http://tribune.com.pk/story/677120/h...curity-fabric/

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    Senior Member KingKong's Avatar
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    Pakistan's new security policy aims to reform madrassas

    ISLAMABAD: Pakistan plans to bring all of its madrassas, or religious schools, under its national education system within one year under a landmark security policy aimed at combating extremism.

    The first “National Internal Security Policy”, a copy of which was seen by AFP on Sunday, says that some of the country's 22,000 madrassas are responsible for spreading extremism.

    Interior Minister Chaudhry Nisar Ali Khan presented the policy in parliament on Wednesday after a decade-long Islamist insurgency that has claimed thousands of lives and cost the economy “more than $78 billion”.

    On the topic of religious schools, the document says: “It is important to mention upfront that not all madrassas are a problem and therefore these must not be viewed negatively as a whole.

    “However, there were problems within some madrassas which have spread extremism,” it adds, noting “financing from unidentified sources” and the “publication and distribution of hate material”.

    The vast majority of madrassas in Pakistan fall outside government control.

    There are allegations that some madrassas are also involved in preaching violence and propagating hatred toward other sects and non-Muslims.

    “A large number of terrorists, either are, or have been students of madrassas where they were brainwashed to take up arms against the state,” the paper said.

    The 94-page policy document offers a candid and introspective look at where Pakistan has been failing in its efforts to fight terror.

    The policy calls on the government “to build a national narrative on extremism and terrorism” -- opinion polls in the past have shown there is no overwhelming public consensus on tackling extremist groups.

    The document also calls for the establishment of a Federal Rapid Response Force and Counter Terrorism Department within police forces in the next six months.

    The Pakistani Taliban on Saturday announced a month-long ceasefire aimed at resuming stalled peace talks with the Pakistan government, but analysts voiced scepticism over the move.

    Dialogue between Islamabad and the Tehreek-i-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) that began last month was suspended after the militants killed 23 soldiers.

    The military responded with a series of air strikes that have left more than 100 insurgents dead

    https://www.dawn.com/news/1090547/pa...form-madrassas
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  8. #8
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    Re: Pakistan's new security policy aims to reform madrassas

    Lets hope the Government do.

  9. #9
    Senior Member Wajid47's Avatar
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    Re: Pakistan's new security policy aims to reform madrassas

    I am surprised that they had not tackled this before. Still better late than never

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    Govt soon to present new defence, foreign policies in NA: Aziz

    ISLAMABAD: Pakistan’s foreign policy chief, Sartaj Aziz on Tuesday said that the government is preparing foreign and defence policies which will soon be presented in the National Assembly.

    “We are preparing defence and foreign policies that shall be presented before the House within next few weeks”, said Aziz, who is the prime minister’s advisor on foreign affairs and national security.

    “The issues cannot be resolved with patch-work and isolated approach. But, we need to have visionary and integrated policies,” he said.

    The advisor deliberated on number of local, regional and global changes and explained that the government was devising future policies keeping in view these changes. He added that the government would focus on both internal and external challenges to address the problems.

    Aziz said that four major areas will be taken care of in the upcoming policies, which he briefly summarized as internal security and policy of non-interference; economic development through trade and not aid; fully benefiting from geographical location; and promoting Pakistan’s image by strengthening democracy and economic institutions in the country shall be basic components of our policies.

    He claimed that Pakistan-Afghan relations were on their way to normalcy after the Pakistan Muslim League – Nawaz (PML-N) government had made them believe about Pakistan's policy of non-interference.

    “Bringing in a favorite regime in Afghanistan is no more our policy. We have conveyed them and the previous atmosphere of no trust is now improving towards strong bilateral relations.”

    “We have a clear policy of not interfering in other countries affairs. But, we shall also not accept hegemony of any other country,” he added.

    In regard to relations with India, he said that the way was being paved for composite dialogue through working groups and back-channel diplomacy.

    About United States, he said that Pakistan has made US believe that its previous policy had not favored Pakistan. “Pakistan should not be seen through the Afghan lens. During their previous, policy the US had ignored Pakistan's internal security challenges.Therefore, internal security will also be a component of strategic partnership with the US.”

    Pakistan is also seeking investment in different sectors including the energy sector and investment of US$ 30 to $32 billion in Pakistan would bring about positive changes, he added. The government also keeps a keen eye on changing scenarios and new emerging alliances.

    Regional cooperation is another important component of the government’s policy as, he said, menaces like terrorism cannot be overcome without adopting a regional approach because it is not a war between armies of any two countries.

    Focusing the basic contours of upcoming foreign policy, the Advisor said that it would focus internal security and economic development through trade and investment. Moreover, he added that Pakistan would fully benefit from its regional importance by extending links to Central Asian states and improving internal security.

    Aziz also stated that Pakistan was not providing arms to Saudi Arabia for use in Syria. Moreover, India is not being given one-sided relaxation in trade and we shall fully safeguard our interests, he said.

    Iran is our nearest Muslim country and the government is engaged with them to resolve bilateral issues. Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif will also be visiting Iran on invitation of Iranian President, Sartaj Aziz said.

    He explained that the Iran-Pakistan gas pipeline was Pakistan’s priority but the project cannot be completed before next three years.

    “There is an issue of sanctions but it could have not affected the project if Iran and Pakistan had sufficient resources. But, when we have to seek financial assistance internationally then the sanctions are a problem.”

    He said the government would ensure that it creates and pursues a clear, balanced and effective sovereign foreign policy to safeguard the country’s national and international interests.

    He said the internal and external threats are also being kept under consideration while framing the policies and he has been briefing the House and Standing Committees on these issues. The opinion of the House will also be fully taken care of while framing these policies, he said.

    https://www.dawn.com/news/1090979/go...ies-in-na-aziz

  11. #11
    Senior Member manuu's Avatar
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    Pakistan’s new policy to counter terror – an appraisal

    The Pakistan government approved the National Internal Security Policy (NISP) 2014-2018 on 25 Feb14. In his statement, after tabling the policy before the cabinet for approval, Pakistani Interior Minister Chaudhry Nisar indicated that the NISP has three parts; operational, strategic and day to day government actions that would remain secret. The draft of the counter terrorism policy had earlier been presented to Nawaz Sharif on 13 August 2013. The draft policy had advocated a five pronged approach of dismantle, contain, prevent, educate and reintegrate to curb terror, which was distinct from the 3-D (Deterrence, Development and Dialogue) approach of the previous Pakistan People’s Party (PPP) government. The Pakistani government had evolved a tentative political consensus on the draft policy through an All-Party Parliamentary Conference (APC) before finalizing the policy.


    The 100-odd page document, which is Pakistan’s first-ever national internal security policy, states that close to 50,000 people have been killed in Pakistan including over 5000 personnel of the law-enforcement agencies since the country joined the US-led war on terror after 9/11 attacks in 2001. The policy document goes on to estimate the total loss to the Pakistani economy in the last ten years due to terrorism, at $78 billion. This article examines the key constructs of the NISP to arrive at the challenges and pitfalls the policy would have to contend in changing the way Pakistan has been combating its internal strife.

    Present Counter-terrorism Mechanism
    According to the Constitution of Pakistan, maintaining law and order is the responsibility of the country’s provinces. Policing is a provincial matter, with each province maintaining its own police force. The federal government provides additional support to provincial governments when requested. The federal government has its own law enforcement agency, the Federal Investigation Agency (FIA), which is governed by an Act of parliament and investigates offenses mentioned therein.

    The Pakistan federal government in 2003 had assigned counter-terrorism role to FIA and the Special Investigation Group (SIG) was formally established in May 2003 within the FIA to combat terrorism. The SIG had been modelled on a similarly tasked cell of the US Federal Bureau of Investigation. The first batch of SIG recruits were drawn from the Police Service of Pakistan, Intelligence Bureau (IB), FIA and direct recruitment through the Federal Public Service Commission. SIG Officers were provided extensive training and some equipment by US government’s Anti-Terrorism Assistance Program, in the area of crime scene analysis, computer forensic analysis, cyber terrorism, terrorist financing investigations and post blast explosives analysis etc1. The SIG was tasked with identifying and investigating terrorists and terrorist activities, bank frauds and informal money transaction systems. It was the only civilian agency dedicated to countering terrorism”2 and had regional offices in all the four provinces under the administrative command of Director, FIA. All civil and military intelligence agencies were required to share their information on terrorism with the SIG at the FIA level. Later SIG was re-designated as Counter Terrorism Wing (CTW). The other federal-level agency – the IB also has a counter terrorism responsibility. Intelligence Bureau (IB) is Pakistan’s main domestic/internal intelligence and espionage agency. It functions under direct control of Chief Executive of Pakistan – either the Prime Minister or the President.

    National Counter-Terrorism Authority
    As the fight against domestic terrorism has grown in size and intensity, it had become clear to the Pakistani establishment that there was a dire need to create a structure to manage and coordinate the competing demands for security resources and to come up with an implementable strategy to meet this ever increasing threat. NISP to this end states that “integrated efforts through an institutionalised monitoring framework under democratic leadership to elicit support and cooperation of local and international stakeholders” would be required to achieve its objectives. The NISP designated the National Counter-Terrorism Authority (NACTA) as the focal organisation for national security.3 The Pakistani cabinet has also agreed that all decisions pertaining to anti-terror measures would be taken at the highest level of authority and the Ministry of Interior (MoI) will be the lead Ministry for implementation of the NISP.

    The NACTA had been set up in December 2009, with the aim to overcome the governance deficit in Pakistan’s security framework left by the abolition of the National Security Council. In November 2012, the Pakistani cabinet approved the draft NACTA Bill, which had been introduced in 2009. The NACTA Bill (2013) was finally promulgated on 11 April 2013. The Bill provided a legal basis to the NACTA which had become redundant due to lack of clarity about its status since its establishment in December 2009. Initially it was proposed to be placed under the MoI but certain stakeholders had opposed the arrangement and wanted to see it directly controlled by the Prime Minister. Between the NACTA Bill and the NISP, these jurisdictional issues appear to have been addressed and the head of the NACTA would be the “National Coordinator” tasked with execution and monitoring of the new policy.

    NISP
    The NISP policy framework is based on soft and hard interventions and attempts to address the entire spectrum of issues impinging on the internal security environment in Pakistan. The soft component, which reposes faith in the political process, details a Comprehensive Response Plan (CRP) which is grounded in a process of research and coordination on key issues influencing internal security. CRP is focused on winning over trust and confidence of general public to combat terrorism and includes infrastructure development, rehabilitation of terror victims, shaping of the national narrative, reconciliation, reintegration and related legal reforms. The hard component of NISP comprises of the Composite Deterrence Plan (CDP), which seeks to complement the existing National Internal Security Apparatus (NISA) to combat terrorism. CDP aims to change the posture of the NISA from reactive to proactive.

    The organisational restructuring and creation under the NISP will see the establishment of a Directorate of Internal Security (DIS) under the NACTA where 33 civilian and military intelligence and operational agencies will be represented to integrate tactical, operational and strategic ‘levels’ of civil and military ‘verticals’. In addition to an Air Wing, a well equipped Federal Rapid Response Force (RRF) with nationwide reach and capability drawn from Counter-Terrorism Departments (CTD) and police would be created. The RRF would interface and operate in close coordination with police, CAFs and Pakistan Armed Forces. The CTDs within police organisation of all the provinces would themselves be reorganised and strengthened ideally with uniform structures and unified command at provincial, region and field level. All CTDs will comprise of intelligence, operations, investigation, the provincial RRF and other technical sections to tackle the entire spectrum of internal security threats. At the federal level, a dedicated CAF Headquarter would be established under the MoI.4

    The NACTA under the NISP will coordinate the efforts of relevant agencies to obtain a fair assessment of losses due to internal disturbances and recommend plans for renewal of impacted infrastructure. It will oversee the process of rehabilitation and reintegration of the terror affected people. NACTA will liaise with international actors for fostering cooperation on counter-terrorism and in the process synergise the public and international support available. It will also in consultation with other institutions supporting NISP develop a National De-Radicalisation Programme.

    Financing
    The NISP 2014-18 is initially expected to cost the Pakistani exchequer Rs32 billion for setting up the proposed institutions and strengthen the existing ones.5Notwithstanding the fact that the internal disturbances in Pakistan have been a drag on the country’s finances and they have also set back the country’s development and economy, Pakistan’s efforts to institutionalise counter terrorism have been driven to a large extent by external funding. While FBI experts were actively involved in training the SIG/CTW both in Pakistan and the US, NACTA received funding support from the EU. According to an April 2012 Congressional Research Service (CRS) report, the Obama Administration in 2013 earmarked $800m for Pakistan Counterinsurgency Capacity Fund.

    In budgeting for the fiscal year 2015 beginning in October 2014, the US under the foreign military financing category, has earmarked $280 million in military aid to Pakistan. According to the US State Department, the $280 million is expected to enhance the Pakistan Army, Frontier Corps, the air force, and the navy’s ability to conduct counter insurgency and counter terrorism operations against militants and improve Pakistan’s ability to deter threats emanating from those areas, and encourage continued US-Pakistan military-to-military engagement.6

    Assessment
    Pakistan’s counter terror policy has been comprehensive enough to cover a wide spectrum of issues ranging from police reforms to loopholes in Pakistan’s Anti-Terrorism Act 1997 and yet pragmatic enough to recognise the importance of factors such as poverty, meagre land holdings, the lack of government writ, rehabilitation of surrendered militants etc for its success.

    Yet, the NISP has faced challenges in its formulation, evident from NACTA’s birth pangs. The basic issue was the designation of the primary supervising agency- whether it would be the Prime Minister’s office or the MoI. Though the Federal government’s role and its conflict with a provincial government is inherent in a federal structure, it is the degree of trust deficit that defines the problem. The test in this case has been (is likely to be for some years) to resolve coordination and jurisdictional issues between the security and intelligence organisations operating at the federal and provincial levels. It would be interesting to see if organisational restructuring under the NISP leads to operational efficiency.

    The second issue arises from the fact that insurgency in Pakistan has reached such intensity that active employment of the army and the air force to tackle it is the new normal. Civilian authorities have outsourced internal security to the military, losing both control and legitimacy. Further, the civil and military hierarchies tend to work in silos, lacking mechanisms for frequent consultation and collaboration. The shift in focus of internal security from the military to the civilian government and from being reactive to proactive is going to be extremely challenging.

    A related issue is the availability of fire support for conduct of counter-insurgency operations and targeting of high value targets. Pakistan military in a fine act of duplicity has been relying on US drone operations to aid its efforts to check the insurgency in certain areas of Pakistan. With drones acquiring the psycho-legal-political dimensions, the military has to fall back on the use of air force- which it has resorted to sparingly in the past. The use of air force in own territory against own citizens always sends out uncomfortable signals in a counter-insurgency campaign.

    The counterinsurgency environment is further complicated by presence of foreign militants and the more recent foreign-returned jihadis. This brings non-local issues in play which the NISP will struggle to contend with. The presence of state sponsored militias/ terror groups (furthering cross border national interests) will test Pakistan’s ability to let them function within the NISP.

    Suicide Attacks
    While the use of suicide attacks/bombings have become an integral part of terror campaigns in certain parts of the world, it is still not the norm and merits a discussion simply because the challenge they pose not only to the security forces but the society as a whole. The first suicide bombings in Pakistan were reported in 2002 against foreigners, and were committed by persons of Arab descent. Between 2002 and 2006, at least twenty-five such incidents were documented, including two suicide attacks on former President General Musharraf and one against Shaukat Aziz, the then Prime Minister. Although military action against the Taliban and Al Qaeda remnants had begun after 2002, the real tipping point in increased suicide bombings in Pakistan came after the Lal Masjid operation in July 2007. After this point, suicide attacks became fairly routine in Pakistan.

    Increased military offensive in tribal areas has resulted in the terrorists shifting their focus from religious targets to military, law enforcement, and intelligence targets.7 It has brought terror strikes to urban and commercial centres, which requires an operational shift in the counter-terror strategy.

    Conclusion
    It is important to point out that a discussion on security related issues of policy and process always surmises availability of political will, clarity on national interest and an absence of terror-politics nexus. As we see today, terrorism is hardwired into Pakistan’s society and polity and the country is internally divided. No single political force, not even the Army and its conjoin the ISI seem powerful enough to turn the tide. As some analysts have pointed out, the operationalisation of Pakistan’s NISP is not a simple matter of reorienting and restructuring of NACTA and NISA but how Pakistan begins to sees itself in its neighbourhood and the world order.

    http://www.eurasiareview.com/1403201...ror-appraisal/

  12. #12
    Forum Administrator bilalhaider's Avatar
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    Re: Pakistan National Security Policy

    Some madressahs spread disinformation about security policy, says Nisar



    ISLAMABAD: Interior Minister Chaudhry Nisar Ali Khan has said that with a view to gaining ‘political advantages’ some madressahs are spreading false information about the National Security Policy.

    Talking by phone to Muhammad Rafi Usmani, the grand mufti of Pakistan and vice-president of Wifaqul Madaris Al Arabiya, the minister said that such rumours were particularly damaging for the country in the existing atmosphere.

    He assured the grand mufti that the government was not planning to launch any operation against madressahs.

    “If there is a report about suspicious activities regarding any madressah we will take Wifaqul Madaris into confidence and fulfil all the legal requirements,” he remarked.

    He praised the services rendered by ulema and said the government expected them to play a positive role in all important and strategic matters.

    The madressahs were imparting religious education even in remote and under-developed parts of the country, he added.

    On his part, Mufti Usmani expressed the hope that the ongoing government-Taliban talks would yield positive results. “I pray that may Almighty Allah restore peace in the country as a result of these negotiations,” he said.
    http://www.dawn.com/news/1094999/som...icy-says-nisar

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    Senior Member manuu's Avatar
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    Internal security: Policy a good step but devoid of substance, say experts

    ISLAMABAD:

    Much of it was the same old drill for which policies in Pakistan are notorious to fall short: how is this new policy going to be implemented? How will it be effective? Does it actually offer any solutions?
    But as parliamentarians and security experts at a discussion on the “National Internal Security Policy (NISP)”, recently unveiled by the government, ripped into the document with their scrutiny and criticism, they also offered mild praise and some suggestions.

    The discussion was organised Wednesday by the Pakistan Institute of Legislative Development and Transparency (PILDAT), with all the ‘Hows’ in mind and a ready analysis report it had commissioned journalist Saleem Safi to write.
    They agreed the policy is a good beginning for a country that has never before had a document about domestic forms of militancy. But they mostly found the NISP confusing, unclear and devoid of substance when it comes to actual implementation.

    The operational part of the policy, which the government has claimed will help dismantle domestic militant networks through counter-insurgency, intelligence gathering, coordination and capacity building of law-enforcement, was made public on February 26.
    Some of the criticism at the discussion was due to the policy’s reliance on the National Counter-Terrorism Authority (NACTA), which since its inception in 2013 has remained a dormant counter-terrorism body.

    Safi himself, while acknowledging the “comprehensive coverage of internal security issues” in the policy and its call for a narrative against terrorism, said the document appeared to have been made in haste. He said he had little hope about its implementation.
    “I cannot see that this government and this team will be able to implement the policy in the near future,” Safi said, mentioning the herculean coordination efforts required of provinces and intelligence agencies for internal security.

    Tasneem Noorani, a former interior secretary who appeared to have a more astute assessment of the policy than Safi, said it has elicited a “confused response” from parliamentarians and political parties.
    Noorani attributed the confusion to, firstly, the laundry-list nature of the policy which is “without clear action plans except leaving the task to NACTA” and secondly, to an abundance of jargon in the document.

    “The main thrust of the policy is on NACTA, which is stillborn today,” he said. “NACTA’s board has not even approved the policy yet.”
    Pakistan Tehreek-e Insaf MNA Shireen Mazari said there was no “policy” in the policy document, simply a collection of tactics and strategies, and Air Vice-Marshal (retd) Shahzad Chaudhry, a defence analyst, said NISP was substance-less.
    “Substance of policy is non-existent,” Chaudhry said. “Unless there is substance, the policy cannot be implemented.”

    Mazari said the policy lacked “typologies” that could identify different forms of terrorism in Pakistan.
    It should provide an institutional framework — some sort of rough structure — to give permanency and consistency to internal security work, she said. Mazari also called for parliamentary oversight for internal security affairs.

    Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz MNA and National Assembly Foreign Relations Committee Chairman Awais Leghari defended the policy.
    Leghari said it is the first time any government has tried to identify weaknesses in tackling terrorism. He said Pakistan faces an existential threat from terrorism and most of that vulnerability is due to poor governance. Leghari suggested depoliticisation of police and checks on seminaries that are receiving funds from abroad.

    But Pakistan People’s Party Senator Farhatullah Babar said the policy has failed to identify the major source of threat in Pakistan.
    “We have the policy of running with the hare and hunting with the hound,” he said, alluding to the state’s militant proxies.
    The PPP senator said the state should come clean and stop supporting some militant outfits while going after others.

    “The state should not only come clean, but also loud and clear,” said Muttahida Qaumi Movement MNA Farooq Sattar, adding to Babar’s statement.
    Sattar said the internal security is most crucial because even the country’s military admitted that the greatest threat to Pakistan is from within.
    He said Pakistan is in a race against time to establish internal security and there is a need first for a clear diagnosis for the country’s militancy ailment.

    Published in The Express Tribune, March 27th, 2014.

  14. #14
    Senior Member Express's Avatar
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    Interior Ministry apologises for ‘willful defiance of parliament’

    ISLAMABAD: The interior ministry, on Tuesday, apologised for what had been termed by the senate body as a ‘willful defiance of the parliament’.

    Last month, the interior ministry had to brief the senate’s standing committee on interior regarding the national security policy, however, no official from the ministry turned up.

    Later, a letter, from an official of the ministry, proposing that the senate’s panel should meet once in two months, was surfaced, adding more fuel to the fire.

    The situation had forced the chairman of the committee, Talha Mehmood, to write to Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif and Chairman Senate Nayyar Hussain Bokhari, besides deciding to bring a privilege motion in the senate.

    However, interestingly, the next meeting about safe city project was also not attended by any of the ministry’s officials.

    Minister of state for interior, Baleegh Ur Rahman, told the senate’s panel, on Tuesday, that the government holds parliament, and its committees, in high esteem and assured that the ministry’s officials will attend its meetings, regularly.

    He explained that the interior minister and the secretary interior could not attend the senate body’s meetings due to their hectic engagements, pointing out that the ministry was very busy in talks with the Taliban.

    Talha Mehmood said that 18 meetings of the committee had adjourned, on the request of the ministry, but a controversial letter had deliberately been written.

    “The ministry has no right to dictate the Senate body”, he remarked. He said that the interior minister and interior secretary were on an undeclared boycott of the committee’s meetings.

    The official of the ministry also tendered an apology for writing a controversial letter to the committee. The chairman of the committee conditionally accepted the apology, declaring that it would be linked with the attitude of the officials in future.

    Investigation of safe city project

    Talha Mehmood said that billions of rupees had been swindled in the safe city project, and he claimed to have evidence about the involvement of the interior ministry’s officials in it.

    He said that, under the project, 1,500 cameras were to be installed in the capital, but only 15 were installed, out of which eight were not working.

    He also launched an investigation for a possible scam, in this regards.

    Objections against anti-terrorism bills

    The committee also decided to consider two anti-terrorism bills, clause by clause, in the next meeting, after objections on the proposed law were raised by many members.

    Retired Colonel Tahir Hussain Mashhadi, of MQM, said that the provisions of the proposed law, including 90 day detention without presenting the accused before a court of law, were against the spirit of the article 10 of the constitution, as well as human rights.

    He also objected to the clause, under which, the law enforcers were given powers to shoot at people on mere suspicion.

    Bill to prevent electricity theft

    The committee formed a sub-committee to discuss the amended Criminal Law Bill 2014, aimed at preventing electricity theft.

    The additional secretary interior, Hamid Ali Khan, said that an amendment in the law was required to stop the electricity theft.

    He said that 2,300 cases of electricity thefts were registered by Water and power development authority (Wapda), out of which, sentences were awarded to only three cases.

    He said that 15 billion units of electricity were stolen during the last two years, costing the exchequer Rs 90 billion.

    Baleegh ur Rahman said that, under the new law, a penalty of twice the amount of the theft of electricity, would have to be paid.

    Announcing the formation of a sub-committee, the chairman said the sub-committee would involve Wapda officials in the formulation of a new legislation.

    The sub-committee will comprise of Tahir Mashahdi and Begum Najma Hameed.

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