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Thread: China-Pakistan: Gwadar Port

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  1. #41
    Elite Member sparkling's Avatar
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    Pakistan Railway to lay new track between Karachi, Gwadar

    Pakistan Railways (PR) is planning to lay track to link Karcahi to Gwadar seaport to facilitate traders.

    PR sources said on Sunday that the new track would fulfil the needs of transportation of goods to Gawadar in future. Moreover, the PR was in contact with China for preparing studies for construction of Khuzdar, Baseemah, Jacobabad and Dera Ghazi Khan main line ( ML-2) and China would finalise the studies till the end of December 2015.

    China will bear all expenditures of the study of laying the new railway line. The PR is focusing on speeding up revenue generating activities under the direction of Minister Khwaja Saad Rafique.

    The PR is also working on restoration of ECO train for Turkey via Tuftan and Zahdan. The train will help traders to transport their goods through train among Turkey, Iran, India and Pakistan.

    The department is also planning to construct a dry port for container-holding at Havelian near Abbotabad for facilitating trade with China. After construction of the port, about two million tons of goods could be transported between Khunjrab and Havelian.

    The PR minister hoped the railways would soon be able to overcome its deficit.

    http://www.pakistantoday.com.pk/2014...arachi-gwadar/

  2. #42
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    Re: Pakistan Railway to lay new track between Karachi, Gwadar

    Quote Originally Posted by sparkling View Post
    Pakistan Railways (PR) is planning to lay track to link Karcahi to Gwadar seaport to facilitate traders.

    PR sources said on Sunday that the new track would fulfil the needs of transportation of goods to Gawadar in future. Moreover, the PR was in contact with China for preparing studies for construction of Khuzdar, Baseemah, Jacobabad and Dera Ghazi Khan main line ( ML-2) and China would finalise the studies till the end of December 2015.

    China will bear all expenditures of the study of laying the new railway line. The PR is focusing on speeding up revenue generating activities under the direction of Minister Khwaja Saad Rafique.

    The PR is also working on restoration of ECO train for Turkey via Tuftan and Zahdan. The train will help traders to transport their goods through train among Turkey, Iran, India and Pakistan.

    The department is also planning to construct a dry port for container-holding at Havelian near Abbotabad for facilitating trade with China. After construction of the port, about two million tons of goods could be transported between Khunjrab and Havelian.

    The PR minister hoped the railways would soon be able to overcome its deficit.

    http://www.pakistantoday.com.pk/2014...arachi-gwadar/
    This would be very good for the people of Sindh and Balochistan, so well done.

  3. #43
    Senior Member Amjad Hussain's Avatar
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    Chinese to build $1.2b economic corridor at Gwadar port

    Federal Minister for Ports and Shipping Kamran Michael has said that the Chinese investors will invest at least $ 1.20 billion to establish an economic corridor for the development of Gwadar Port.

    Senator Michael said this during a meeting that he chaired at his ministerial secretariat in the federal capital, according to a statement issued by the ministry on Friday.

    To this effect, the federal minister said, different agreements had already been signed with the Chinese investors who would be investing the said amount over next two to three years.

    “The money would be spent on the development of Gwadar Port,” he added.

    Reflecting on the serious attitude of present government towards Gwadar Port’s development, Michael said his government was serious in their motives to see the deep-sea port and its surrounding area develop.

    Unveiling more details, the federal minister said the approval of prime minister had already been secured under which the Gwadar Airport and road infrastructure would be upgraded and would be brought at par with latest international facilities.


    Similarly, the development of hospital, school and vocational training institutes would be made at Gwadar, he added.

    More berths at Gwadar Port would also be established at which the internationally acclaimed companies would bring in investments, he said.

    http://www.pakistantoday.com.pk/2014...t-gwadar-port/

  4. #44
    Senior Member Express's Avatar
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    Revealed to Senate panel: Six years on, Gwadar port costs spiral to 100b

    ISLAMABAD:

    The construction cost of the Gwadar deep sea port is likely to reach Rs100 billion, far surpassing its initial price tag of Rs8 billion, the Senate Standing Committee on Ports and Shipping was told on Tuesday.

    During a meeting with ministries for ports and shipping, railways, and water and power, the committee was told that absence of coordination between key stakeholders and irregularities and mismanagement in the acquisition of land and machinery contributed to the escalated cost.

    The initial cost, Rs8 billion, was formulated nearly six years ago, according to the Gwadar Port Authority chairman, Dostain Khan Jamaldini.

    He said a key hurdle in the project’s completion is the water and power ministry’s failure to construct grid stations at the Gwadar port site as well as the railways ministry to acquire land to lay tracks despite the payment of funds to the Balochistan government.

    The committee was also told that the Chinese government, a key partner in the project, is reluctant to release funds prior to the provision of basic services such as electricity, communication and road links in the area.

    Jamaldini told the committee that there is a need for electricity in order to operate cranes at the site and WAPDA has failed to work at the site to date. “Gwadar city would be in darkness if we start operating cranes at the port without additional electricity,” he said.

    He said WAPDA officials have purchased machinery and electricity pylons without following the port’s layout plan, wherein there is a provision only to lay underline electricity and other service wires.

    “It seems that the procurement of machinery and poles without considering the layout plan is waste of resources and time,” said Committee Chairman Fatah Mohammad Mohammad Hussaini. He recommended taking action against those responsible for the mismanagement.

    Officials from the Planning Commission concurred, saying WAPDA officials have procured the machinery in order to receive kickbacks, leading to a waste of machinery and poles worth millions of rupees.

    According to WAPDA officials, they have spent over Rs300 million on this machinery. The committee has asked WAPDA officials to arrange a meeting next month at the port site to look into the matter.

    An official of the National Transmission and Dispatch Company said the company has planned to import electricity from Iran via a 190-km transmission line in order to provide 100MW for the port’s operation. If funds are provided in time, the project will be completed by 2015, he said.

    Gwadar Airport

    The committee informed that development work on Gwadar airport has commenced, but the Civil Aviation Authority (CAA) has yet to acquire land for connecting roads; the land mafia is also active on this site, the committee was told, and the price of land has increased significantly.

    The committee asked the Planning Commission and CAA to take steps to acquire land for these roads.

    Railway tracks

    The committee was also told that despite a payment of Rs450 million in 2006, the Balochistan government has not handed over 373 acres of land to lay railway tracks at the port in order to link it with the Makran Highway.

    Additional General Manager of Infrastructure in the railways ministry, Mohammad Khalid stated that the Balochistan government has demanded Rs943 million in addition to the first payment. The committee chairman referred the issue to the Federal Investigation Agency.

    Published in The Express Tribune, March 19th, 2014.

  5. #45
    Senior Member Fassi's Avatar
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    Pakistan invites Bahrain to invest in Gwadar, energy

    ISLAMABAD: Pakistan has offered Bahrain an opportunity to invest in Gwadar Port and its energy and mining sectors, encouraging the Gulf monarchy to take advantage of the liberalised investment regime that in return will help Islamabad attract capital to boost its flagging economy.


    “Bahrain has expertise in oil and infrastructure projects and Gwadar Port and the energy sector may be attractive for the Gulf country,” said Dr Musaddaq Malik, Special Assistant to the Prime Minister.

    He was speaking at the Bahrain-Pakistan Business Forum, held on Wednesday to mark the current visit of King of Bahrain Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa to Islamabad.

    As many as 17 memoranda of understanding were signed between Pakistan and Bahrain and between Bahraini government and Pakistani investors. The agreements were aimed at venturing into new areas and expanding existing facilities set up in Bahrain by Pakistani investors.

    Malik pointed out that China would invest $33 billion over five years in Pakistan, of which $18 billion would be pumped into infrastructure projects. He suggested that Bahraini investors should become equity partners of China to explore the opportunities.

    He told the investors that they could also set up power plants in Pakistan – an area where the country offered a minimum 17% guaranteed rate of return with sovereign guarantees. In return, Pakistan can provide human capital and invest in the food sector, the areas where Bahrain is in need of external help.

    Trade between the two countries stood at just $250 million per annum while in the last six years Bahrain invested only $18.7 million in Pakistan, said Miftah Ismail, Chairman Board of Investment, at the conference.

    Ismail asked Bahraini investors to invest in Thar coal and copper and gold mines in Balochistan. The kind of technology and financial resources required to discover coal, gold and copper were missing in Pakistan, leaving the mines unexplored, he said.

    The value of Thar coal is estimated at $9 trillion while the size of Pakistan’s economy is only $250 billion. Similarly, he said, copper mines were spread over 30,000 square kilometres and contribution of the mining sector to the economy was less than half a percentage point, 0.4% of GDP to be precise.

    Ismail was of the view Bahrainis were more interested in the banking sector and equity market while other sectors of interest could be healthcare, education, food, textile, manufacturing, information and communications technology, industrial, professional and commercial services.

    A lot more needed to be done to improve the dismal figures of bilateral trade, suggested Dr Hassan Fakhro, Bahrain’s Minister of Industries and Commerce while speaking at the conference.

    He asked Pakistan’s business community to invest in the food sector that offered them immense opportunities.

    Commerce Minister Khurram Dastgir offered Bahrain an opportunity to invest in the textile sector in order to get advantage of the 10-year duty-free access to European markets. In the same manner, Pakistan could also benefit from the free trade agreement between Bahrain and the US by establishing industrial units in the Gulf state

    http://tribune.com.pk/story/684897/i...gwadar-energy/

  6. #46
    Member ReoSpeedWagon's Avatar
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    Re: Pakistan invites Bahrain to invest in Gwadar, energy

    We all know they wont invest a penny! But we keep inviting them.

  7. #47
    Senior Member Fassi's Avatar
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    Re: Pakistan invites Bahrain to invest in Gwadar, energy

    Choice is theirs. The port is strategically a great investment opportunity and their will be plenty takers....

  8. #48
    Senior Member Amjad Hussain's Avatar
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    Govt plans shipyards at Gwadar, Port Qasim

    ISLAMABAD: The government on Thursday decided to set up two new shipyards at Gwadar and Port Qasim with investments from Japanese and Korean firms on build, operate and transfer (BOT) basis.

    A decision to this effect was taken at a meeting presided over by Finance Minister Ishaq Dar who asked the ministry of defence production to move a formal summary to the prime minister for approval and the ministry of finance would strongly support the proposal.

    A senior government official said the finance minister was stunned to know that the proposal for new shipyards with zero investment from the government was floated by a number of Japanese and Korean firms and a formal summary was submitted to the government in 2008 but did not move an inch since then.

    He said the case was originally submitted to the government in 2008 following a group of renowned shipyard operators in Japan and Korea conducted a feasibility study and offered to finance the shipyards.

    Under the proposal, the consortium had asked the government to be equity partner in the shipyards by providing shores, land and infrastructure and the rest would be taken care of by the investors.

    The meeting decided to present a case for formal approval by the prime minister within a few days and since there was no financing required on part of the government, the ministry of finance would fully support it because it would enhance economic growth, create job opportunities and help the two ports to expand exponentially in commercial terms.

    It was decided to start first with the Gwadar port where deep seashores were available and it would not only support development of Gwadar Port commercially in terms of increased traffic arising out of its proximity with Gulf ports and the ability to provide repair and maintenance support to international ships travelling in the area.

    This would be followed up with another shipyard at Port Qasim. Currently, Pakistan has only one shipyard at Karachi port but that too is sometimes unable to provide services to shipping industry because of congestion and comparatively away from international shipping routes.

    Vice Admiral (Retd) Iftikhar Ahmad Rao, who is chairman of Ship Building Association, gave a detailed presentation on global shipyard industry and historical perspective of the importance of seas for mankind and for the nations who became great powers.

    The meeting was informed that the maritime sector was prime source of growth, employment and social cohesion in the developing countries as the world GDP grew by 3.6 per cent annually on average against 4.3 per cent growth in sea trade per annum over the last 50 years.

    In other words, world’s GDP grew eight times, whereas, sea trade grew 13 times in the last half century, he added. China started shipbuilding in the 1990s and now it was the global leader with 41 per cent share, followed by South Korea and Japan with 33 per cent and 20 per cent share respectively, the meeting was informed.

    The meeting noted that there were over 1,000 shipyards in China and even India had over 100 shipyards. In comparison, Pakistan has only one shipyard, Karachi Shipyard Engineering Works (KS&EW) with two small dry docks.

    It was noted with optimism that deep seashores, abundance of labour force and location were Pakistan’s great advantages in comparison to others regional countries.

    Minister for Defence Production Rana Tanveer Hussain informed the meeting that it required five years for a shipyard to be completed and hence it was important to expeditiously complete the necessary approval process in order to achieve progress in ship building sector. He said the federal government could provide land and related infrastructure as its equity in the proposed shipyards. “The rest of the investment will be made by foreign companies which are leading the industry”, he said.


    Mr Dar said the ship building industry had huge potential for Pakistan because of its deep seashores and hence, in line with the true potential and ideal location, ship building industry should contribute towards economic development and poverty alleviation.

    http://www.dawn.com/news/1094495/gov...dar-port-qasim

  9. #49
    Senior Member Express's Avatar
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    Gwadar Port: Blueprint for free trade zone to be ready in May

    ISLAMABAD:

    A Chinese company will submit a blueprint for the free trade zone at Gwadar port along with a business and marketing plan to the Pakistani authorities by May 2014, a senior official said on Saturday.

    “The deadline for submitting the master plan of free trade zone along with a comprehensive business and marketing plan for the port has been set in May this year to get a formal approval from the government,” Gwadar Port Authority (GPA) Chairman Dostain Khan Jamaldini told The Express Tribune.

    After that “steps will be taken to formally start business and trade via the strategic port,” Jamaldini said.
    “The company will formally start its business activities in the port after approval of these two major plans by the government of Pakistan,” Jamaldini said.

    The next step would involve acquiring funds from the Chinese government and inviting private Chinese investors to inject money into various businesses in the free trade zone of the port.
    In this regard, he said, a meeting with a delegation of Chinese businessmen is scheduled for March 27 in Karachi to discuss issues related to the investment opportunities in the free trade zone in the port.

    In August 2014, the Chinese premier is expected to visit Pakistan to sign some memorandums of understanding (MoUs) to kick off businesses.
    Under the short-term plan, Islamabad and Beijing want to develop Gwadar port, whose control has already been given to China, in a bid to attract investment in different sectors to make it a hub of economic activities.

    The GPA chairman said another delegation of Chinese businessmen would also arrive in Pakistan on Monday to explore the opportunities for business in the port.
    Jamaldini said development work on the port was under way and land measuring 2,300 acres for a free trade zone would be handed over to the port authorities shortly.

    “This land is under the control of Pakistan Navy, Coast Guards and provincial government of Balochistan and formalities in this regard has been completed,” he added.
    Talking to The Express Tribune, Balochistan Additional Chief Secretary Aslam Shakir Baloch said the provincial government would take immediate steps to resolve the port issue.

    Published in The Express Tribune, March 23rd, 2014.

  10. #50
    Senior Member Amjad Hussain's Avatar
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    Gwadar Port: Blueprint for free trade zone to be ready in May

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    ISLAMABAD: A Chinese company will submit a blueprint for the free trade zone at Gwadar port along with a business and marketing plan to the Pakistani authorities by May 2014, a senior official said on Saturday.

    “The deadline for submitting the master plan of free trade zone along with a comprehensive business and marketing plan for the port has been set in May this year to get a formal approval from the government,” Gwadar Port Authority (GPA) Chairman Dostain Khan Jamaldini told The Express Tribune.

    After that “steps will be taken to formally start business and trade via the strategic port,” Jamaldini said.

    “The company will formally start its business activities in the port after approval of these two major plans by the government of Pakistan,” Jamaldini said.

    The next step would involve acquiring funds from the Chinese government and inviting private Chinese investors to inject money into various businesses in the free trade zone of the port.

    In this regard, he said, a meeting with a delegation of Chinese businessmen is scheduled for March 27 in Karachi to discuss issues related to the investment opportunities in the free trade zone in the port.

    In August 2014, the Chinese premier is expected to visit Pakistan to sign some memorandums of understanding (MoUs) to kick off businesses.


    Under the short-term plan, Islamabad and Beijing want to develop Gwadar port, whose control has already been given to China, in a bid to attract investment in different sectors to make it a hub of economic activities.

    The GPA chairman said another delegation of Chinese businessmen would also arrive in Pakistan on Monday to explore the opportunities for business in the port.

    Jamaldini said development work on the port was under way and land measuring 2,300 acres for a free trade zone would be handed over to the port authorities shortly.

    “This land is under the control of Pakistan Navy, Coast Guards and provincial government of Balochistan and formalities in this regard has been completed,” he added.

    Talking to The Express Tribune, Balochistan Additional Chief Secretary Aslam Shakir Baloch said the provincial government would take immediate steps to resolve the port issue.

    http://tribune.com.pk/story/686196/g...-ready-in-may/

  11. #51
    Senior Member KingKong's Avatar
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    Re: China-Pakistan: Gwadar Port

    Rising costs at Gwadar Port

    It is perfectly normal for a project spanning several years to run over its intended budget. Indeed, more sophisticated project financiers insist that some room be kept for rising financial costs in the budgeting process of some capital projects in the private sector. But the ballooning of costs at Gwadar Port, from Rs8 billion six years ago to Rs100 billion today, raises very serious questions about both the planning and execution of the project.

    There are two possibilities: either the initial planning process was flawed and produced an unrealistically low number for the costs, or the project is being bungled to the point where costs have skyrocketed. We suspect that the real reason is a little bit of both, and we find both causes to be worrying. On the first front, the government’s consistent inability to plan for the long run is by now a running theme of the state. Even more disappointing is the complete lack of seriousness with which the planning process is taken in most government departments.

    But in the case of Gwadar Port, it appears that malfeasance and misappropriation of funds have also played a key role in the rising cost of the project. In particular, the Water and Power Development Authority’s decision to purchase transmission equipment that is in clear violation of the plan reeks of corruption and merits investigation. Beyond the corruption, however, there also appears to be gross incompetence at play, particularly on the part of the railway ministry. Despite having been paid, it is yet to lay railroad tracks to the port.

    Given the importance of Gwadar Port to the economy, however, the federal government should not wait for government departments to get their act together. We recommend the prime minister appoints an individual who is then given authority over all relevant government departments to get the job done. Otherwise, another generation of Pakistanis will continue to read about the mythical Gwadar Port that will one day come into being.

    Published in The Express Tribune, March 24th, 2014.
    The Following User Says Thank You to KingKong For This Useful Post: manuu


  12. #52
    Senior Member manuu's Avatar
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    Re: China-Pakistan: Gwadar Port

    Quote Originally Posted by KingKong View Post
    Rising costs at Gwadar Port

    It is perfectly normal for a project spanning several years to run over its intended budget. Indeed, more sophisticated project financiers insist that some room be kept for rising financial costs in the budgeting process of some capital projects in the private sector. But the ballooning of costs at Gwadar Port, from Rs8 billion six years ago to Rs100 billion today, raises very serious questions about both the planning and execution of the project.

    There are two possibilities: either the initial planning process was flawed and produced an unrealistically low number for the costs, or the project is being bungled to the point where costs have skyrocketed. We suspect that the real reason is a little bit of both, and we find both causes to be worrying. On the first front, the government’s consistent inability to plan for the long run is by now a running theme of the state. Even more disappointing is the complete lack of seriousness with which the planning process is taken in most government departments.

    But in the case of Gwadar Port, it appears that malfeasance and misappropriation of funds have also played a key role in the rising cost of the project. In particular, the Water and Power Development Authority’s decision to purchase transmission equipment that is in clear violation of the plan reeks of corruption and merits investigation. Beyond the corruption, however, there also appears to be gross incompetence at play, particularly on the part of the railway ministry. Despite having been paid, it is yet to lay railroad tracks to the port.

    Given the importance of Gwadar Port to the economy, however, the federal government should not wait for government departments to get their act together. We recommend the prime minister appoints an individual who is then given authority over all relevant government departments to get the job done. Otherwise, another generation of Pakistanis will continue to read about the mythical Gwadar Port that will one day come into being.

    Published in The Express Tribune, March 24th, 2014.
    Frustrating at the rising costs and changing of date of completion.

  13. #53
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    Top priority: PM calls for completion of Gwadar port extension project

    ISLAMABAD: Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif on Friday stressed that the Gwadar port extension project should be given priority in order to boost economic activity in the country, Radio Pakistan reported.

    The premier was chairing a federal cabinet meeting during which he also announced that projects worth $1.6 billion would be undertaken in Balochistan.

    Along with these development projects, he also emphasised the need to improve health and education services in the province.

    Establishing peace in Balochistan is a priority of the government, he said, noting that security concerns can impede economic activity and socio-economic development.

    http://tribune.com.pk/story/697333/t...ort-extension/

  14. #54
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    Re: China-Pakistan: Gwadar Port

    China persuaded to stick to Gwadar route, says JUI-F chief

    ISLAMABAD:

    Chief of the Jamiat Ulema Islam (JUI-F) Maulana Fazlur Rehman has said that he had managed to persuade the Chinese government through diplomatic channels to revert back to the original route of Gwadar through Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa (K-P) for the economic corridor. This, he said, would bring economic dividends to the province.

    In an informal talk with reporters, Fazl said the federal government must allocate a reasonable amount for K-P. He added that his party will ensure that this is achieved in the upcoming budget.
    He said the government should take extreme measures for the relief of the internally displaced people (IDPs). He feared resentment from the IDPs could cause countless problems for the government once the operation ends.

    Fazl said the people of North Waziristan have seen a great deal of violence and it is time to bring some stability into their lives. He added that miscreants could play on the sentiments of the tribesman who have fled the region.
    The JUI-F chief urged the government to provide relief to ensure a smooth process of peace-building.

    Speaking about the rise of the ISIS in Syria and Iraq, Fazl said that the prominence of groups who do not recognise international boundaries is a prerequisite for militant factions. He added that since militants have crossed the border into Afghanistan, the government must give serious consideration to any future fallout by engaging tribal elders and civilians.
    Fazl said that certain elements were trying to destabilise democracy. All political parties must counter this threat but the government needs to adopt a serious approach to preserve the essence of democracy, he said.

    PTI rally

    Referring to the August 14 rally planned by the Pakistan Tehrik-e-Insaf (PTI), the JUI-F chief said that his party is currently assessing the situation and have not decided their stance.

    Published in The Express Tribune, July 7th, 2014.

  15. #55
    Senior Member Hariz's Avatar
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    Gwadar and the battle for Pakistan's survival

    The construction of Gwadar port in Pakistan did not commence until 2002, when it was handed over to the Port Authority of Singapore.

    During the same year, the US played a key role in (mis)handling the development of Gwadar port to Port Authority of Singapore (PAS) during the Pervez Musharraf era, which resulted in the PAS' failure to make Gwadar port operational. It also caused loss of millions of dollars in losses both for the project and the economy of Pakistan.

    However, in February 2013, the Gwadar port was handed over to China during Asif Ali Zardari's because the PAS had utterly failed in doing something worthwhile with it; that too, on time.

    Gwadar is strategically located on the western end of Balochistan coast, opposite to the Gulf of Oman which is an important route for oil tankers bound for Japan and Western countries. The route through Gwadar to Central Asia is the most economical, with a distance of only 1400 kilometres. Since the outflow of goods from western China and Central Asia will reach Gwadar and pass through this overland trade route, Pakistan could earn millions of dollars a year in terms of port and cargo handling charges and also as freight charges for the import of cargoes and export of material goods.

    The Gwadar port is important not only for Pakistan, but also for China, the Central Asian Republics (CARs) and the entire region as a whole. The port provides China with a powerful strategic foothold in the Arabian Sea and the Indian Ocean also, something which India and the US perceive as threats to their regional interests. It will also place the Pakistan Navy in a very strong position and will help to further strengthen its capabilities. The port will be a corridor for the billions worth of trade to and from its docks. It is expected to generate at least two million jobs for the deprived people of Balochistan.

    Of the planned Chinese investment in Gwadar port, Balochistan has a share of 38 percent: for infrastructure development, creating jobs for the people of Balochistan and putting an end to elements which exploit the current jobs deficit among youth to promote anti-state activities.

    After Gwadar port was handed over to China and huge investment was injected subsequently, Iran also unveiled its own plans for setting up the world's largest oil refinery there, with a production capacity of 400,000 barrels per day at the cost of $8 billion. It also expressed interest in establishing power plants at the port. However, the continued American pressure against the Iran-Pakistan gas pipeline has stalled the refinery project. This oil refinery project, if initiated and set on track, could not only have met Pakistan's oil needs but could also have provided surplus for exports to China.

    Presently, China gets 50 percent of its oil from the Middle East. It makes for a 10,000 kilometre long route for China, from Dubai to Shanghai for oil refinery and then Urumqi. Whereas, if an oil refinery is established at Gwadar, it will provide it with the shortest oil transport route for from Dubai to Gwadar and then Urumqi, thus making a mere 3500 kilometre route for transport to China. The logistical benefits China will receive are many.

    Gwadar will also cut down the port congestion in the Arabian Sea and Strait of Hormuz. At present, ships have to wait for days to get a berth. Once completed, the Gwadar port will rank among the world's largest deep-sea ports.

    So far, work for the port has been slow because of the poor infrastructure and ongoing insurgency in Balochistan. The Government of Pakistan should do more to crush the insurgency once and for all. The provincial government should invest more in law-enforcement agencies to finish the terrorism in Balochistan and invest more in building infrastructure connecting Gwadar with the region immediately; this should be carried out on emergency basis to revive and boost Pakistan's economy.

    There are more than two dozen terrorist groups operating in Balochistan, from which the Baloch Liberation Army (BLA), Baloch Republican Army (BRA) and the sectarian Lashkar-e-Jhangvi (LeJ) are the most active.

    The BLA was founded in 1999. It has been declared a terrorist organization by the Pakistan and the UK; the former listed BLA as a terrorist organization in April 2006, after their attacks on security personnel, civilians and journalists. On 17 July 2006, the government of the UK listed BLA as a "proscribed group" based on the Terrorism Act 2000. The group's actions have been described as "terrorism" by the US State Department as well, and despite continuous appeals by the Government of Pakistan, the US has not yet declared the BLA as a terrorist organization.

    Another terrorist group active in Balochistan province is the BRA. It is controlled by Brahumdagh Bugti, grandson of the slain Akbar Bugti who lives in self-exile in Geneva, Switzerland. The BRA came into existence after the death of Akbar Khan Bugti in 2006. His death is a controversy in itself. He died in a bomb blast in his well-furnished cave in the Bugti Tribal Area. Baloch separatists claim that his death was due to a Pakistan Army operation. Whereas some senior officials deny this charge and claim that it was a suicide planned by Akbar Bugti in case of being caught by the armed forced while he was hiding there. A few senior army officials were also martyred in that blast, including senior Special Services Group (SSG) officers.

    Other affiliates of BLA include the Balochistan Liberation United Front (BLUF), a smaller group but more hardliner. The BRA's strong presence and operations occur mostly in remote areas such as Dera Bugti, Naseerabad and Jaffarabad. The separatist parties and organizations have also restricted the hoisting of the Pakistani flag and playing of national anthems in areas where they have a strong presence.

    The BLA, BRA, BLUF and all other affiliated organizations are closely tied with each other and work effortlessly together, someway or the other, on the very same agenda: separation from the state of Pakistan. Some of these organizations have also been found to have close, mutually-beneficial ties with the Pakistani Taliban (TTP). Target killings are on the rise in the province in which Punjabis and Shias (particularly Hazaras) are the main victims of ethnic and sectarian terrorism. Gas pipelines, security personnel and other government infrastructures are also targeted to further dent Pakistan's image of stability internationally and portray it as a country full of chaos.

    Baloch separatists generally show a very stubborn attitude towards prospects of reconciliation and negotiations with the Government of Pakistan; some tribal chiefs have even demanded complete control over the natural resources of Balochistan, withdrawal of the armed forces of Pakistan and release of their prisoners caught in terrorist activities. They also demand a high level of provincial autonomy, one which borders on "self-rule" and a written apology by the Government of Pakistan for their alleged wrongdoings.

    Provincial autonomy is acceptable, according to the country's constitution of 1973, however, all other demands are simply unacceptable for the Government of Pakistan (and rightly so). Former President Asif Ali Zardari had already apologized to the Baloch people on behalf of the Government of Pakistan for not giving them their due share of attention and welfare. Despite his apology, there was no soft response or reasonable outcome by the separatists, thus clearly indicating that are not serious about peace and stability.

    In actuality, the insurgency and chaos in Balochistan clearly seems to be a big part of the international proxy wars going on in the mineral-rich province to prevent the establishment of Gwadar port. The BLA and other separatist organizations have been found by intelligence agencies to be funded in all or some parts, directly or indirectly by the UAE, US, India, Israel and Afghanistan. Pakistan has been giving proofs of Research and Analysis Wing's (R&AW's) involvement in Balochistan to India since 2006. In fact, then Prime Minister Manmohan Singh had been shown evidence in 2009 by former Prime Minister Yousaf Raza Gilani at the Sharm El Sheikh summit about the extensive involvement of Indian intelligence agencies in fanning Baloch separatism and acts of terrorism.

    According to media reports and WikiLeaks, former ISI chief Lt Gen (retd) Ahmed Shuja Pasha, while briefing Pakistani parliamentarians, had claimed that India and the UAE were funding and arming the Baloch separatist organizations.

    Baloch leaders have often admitted the involvement of foreign agencies in Balochistan. Brahumdagh Bugti once admitted receiving assistance from India and Afghanistan to defend the so-called 'nationalist cause' of Balochistan. Akhter Mengal has also admitted the involvement of foreign elements in Balochistan.

    Baloch insurgents have often claimed that they have been funded by the UAE. It is very obvious that Gwadar port has the potential to undermine the UAE's commercial interests by taking trans-shipment business away from the port of Dubai because of its significant strategic location just in the mouth of Strait of Hormuz, which happens to be the busiest passageway for oil tankers in the world. Also, Gwadar connects CARs with the Arabian Sea as the cheapest and shortest land route.

    Pakistan's paramilitary Frontier Corps (FC) recently claimed that the Afghan spy agency National Directorate of Security (NDS) was behind terrorism in Balochistan after they conducted a successful operation on leads from intelligence agencies and seized a large cache of weapons and ammunition; these were being transported on a truck from some areas of the Khyber Pakhtun Khwa (KPK) province. These weapons were going to be used for a series of terrorist activities in Balochistan. The investigation furthermore revealed that the NDS was not alone in all these activities, rather it had the assistance of various other foreign agencies from behind-the-scenes.

    There are tensions between Islamabad and Tehran regarding the developments in Balochistan. Tehran accuses Islamabad of providing support to Jundollah, a Sunni terrorist group. Both countries accuse each other of interfering in each other's internal matters and both states have difficulty in facing the Balochistan issue (Iran is also troubled by separatist elements in its Sistan-Balouchestan province).

    Gwadar is also a big threat for the developing Chahbahar port of Iran which is merely 72 kilometres away from the Gwadar port, where India has also invested heavily in developing infrastructure to counter Gwadar and create their alternate land route and corridor to and from CARs' natural resources and businesses. Thought factually-speaking, Gwadar port is a much bigger project than Chahbahar and once fully developed will become the world's largest deep sea-port.

    There is also a baseless propaganda by domestic and foreign media about the number of missing persons allegedly kidnapped by Pakistani security agencies and armed forces. There are people in the missing persons list who were found involved in killings and robberies and who later got 'generously bailed' from the courts; they were disappeared later. Some missing people in the list from Balochistan were also kidnapped by the BLA and some had even joined the BLA of their own accord. There have also been reports since long that many Baloch people have been smuggled into Afghanistan for guerrilla training.

    Pakistan is fighting its biggest battle yet for survival in the region, with a broken economy and multiple enemies. It is expected to emerge as victorious in the near future, hopefully, and set its place as a powerful economical hub over the next 20 years or so. As soon as Gwadar port's construction is completed and regular operations are initiated, Pakistan will emerge on the world map as a major economy in the region

    http://www.terminalx.org/2014/07/com...#ixzz36qbRS0Hp

  16. #56
    Banned mynameiskhan's Avatar
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    Re: Gwadar and the battle for Pakistan's survival

    We keep hearing about Gwadar Port, but when will it be operational? Both PPP and PML-N governments have failed to make Gwadar operational. And security in Balochistan is better than ever before, so no excuse there either.

  17. #57
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    Re: Gwadar and the battle for Pakistan's survival

    Quote Originally Posted by mynameiskhan View Post
    We keep hearing about Gwadar Port, but when will it be operational? Both PPP and PML-N governments have failed to make Gwadar operational. And security in Balochistan is better than ever before, so no excuse there either.
    Reports say we are looking at 2018.

  18. #58
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    Chinese investors ready to build Industrial Park in Gwadar

    QUETTA: Reposing their confidence on the improved security situation in port city of Gwadar, the leading group of Chinese Investors have shown their interest to joint work as Industrial Park, free zone operators and investors in Gwadar.

    They expressed their readiness in establishment of fish processing units, assembly plants, marble processing, cement and steel making industries as well as, coal based, wind and solar plants for Gwadar Port, Gwadar Industrial / Free Zone the city itself.

    Chairman Gwadar Port Authority (GPA), Jhanzeb Jamaldini said while talking to APP that future of Pakistan is rich as keen interest of the foreign entrepreneurs were creating investment environment in Balochistan.

    He noted that a delegation led by Liu Jin M, General Manager of Investment Banking Department, ICBC Head Office comprising 15 officials from Industrial and Commercial Bank of China (ICBC), Holly Group and Habib Bank Limited Pakistan lately visited Gwadar.

    The visit was in line with a series of policy initiatives under China

    Pakistan economic corridor (CPEC) and bilateral and multilateral understandings between different Chinese and Pakistani public-sector, as well as private sector companies and organizations.
    The objectives of the ICBC-HBL-Holly group delegation visit to Gwadar mainly aimed at have an on-site investigation for top priority Industrial Park at Gwadar.

    “It would bring US$ 10 billion, Foreign Direct Investment (FDI), annually in Balochistan, once the first phase of 9.2 skm Gwadar Free Zone in made functional, chairman GPA said while, referring the estimates of the investors.

    The confidence of the chinese investors in evident that the economy of Pakistan is vibrant and effective as they are keen to jointly work as industrial park / Free zone operators, developers and investors.

    Terming Gwadar future of the country, Jamaldini noted that Chine Pakistan Economic Corridor would benefit Naseerabad, Mekran and Kalat region in Balochistan while North, West Sindh, South Punjab , Khaiber Pakhutunkhwa and Gildit Baltistan would also get huge benefits from the CPEC.

    It may be mentioned that other such two proposed industrial parks are at Lahore and Faisalabad. Additionally, the team met the local businessmen of Gwadar Chamber of Commerce and industry and some investors, who had come from Karachi, Lahore and other parts of Pakistan.

    The delegation visited Gwadar International terminal, Gwadar Port Free Zone, GPA Civic Center, Gwadar Development Authority office and were briefed on Gwadar City offerings to investors.
    The delegation also visited Gwadar Industrial Estate Authority industrial park and had series of meetings with Chairman GPA, GDA officials, Commissioner Mekran, GIEDA officials.

    http://www.dailytimes.com.pk/busines...park-in-gwadar
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    New $3 bn LNG project ready for Gwadar

    ISLAMABAD: Another fast-track three billion dollars mega project, an LNG terminal at Gwadar and a pipeline to Nawabshah, is being launched by the Nawaz Sharif government with Chinese collaboration.


    In a major strategic move, the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Resources (MoPNR) has decided to build the LNG terminal and pipeline through a Government-to-Government (G2G ) arrangement with China. Experts say this would mean that the project will not be advertised for open international bidding.


    “We are running from pillar to post to get this mega LNG terminal-cum-pipeline included in the list of early harvest projects agreed with China and once it is included, it will take three to four years to get commissioned,” Minister for Petroleum and Natural Resources Shahid Khaqan Abbasi told The News.


    “We have already sensitised the prime minister about the proposed LNG project at Gwadar and hope to get this project in early harvest projects list.”China has promised to provide $35 billion in projects relating to the economic corridor and energy related projects and this new project will also be funded through the same scheme.


    Two Chinese companies have already shown interest in building the LNG terminal at Gwadar and lay down the pipeline. The pipeline will require $1 billion and over $2 billion will be needed to construct the terminal with LNG handling and re-gasification facilities and to erect large LNG storages facilities.


    “This will be the second LNG terminal as the first fast track terminal is being constructed by Engro’s ETPL (Elengy Terminal Pakistan Limited) at Port Qasim, which is scheduled to be completed by March 31, 2015 but we are hoping that the terminal will be completed by December this year,” the minister said.


    Mentioning the LNG project at Gwadar, the minister said, whenever the US sanctions now imposed on Iran are lifted, this Nawabshah-Gwadar pipeline will be extended backwards from Gwadar to MP 250, a point at Pak-Iran border for the import of Iranian gas. Its capacity will be increased to one billion cubic feet of gas per day.


    The Gwadar-Nawabshah pipeline will have the same specifications with diameter of 42 inches that is proposed for the Iran-Pakistan (IP) gas pipeline.According to officials, since Pakistan is unable to lay down the 781-kilometre-long pipeline from the Iran border to Nawabshah because of Pakistan’s inability to arrange foreign funding, it has been decided to lay down the pipeline from Gwadar to Nawabshah under the G2G arrangement with China that will transport at least 500 mmcfd after re-gasification of imported LNG.


    To a question, the official said that LNG terminal to be constructed at the Gwadar Port will have handling capacity of 690 mmcfd and in addition, large LNG storage depots at Gwadar will also be constructed from where after re-gasification, gas will be transported to Nawabshah to be injected into the national gas network.

    http://www.thenews.com.pk/Todays-News-13-31738-New-$3-bn-LNG-project-ready-for-Gwadar
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  20. #60
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    Looking back at Pakistan’s space history

    Pakistan became the first Muslim country on July 16, 1990, to have launched its indigenously developed satellite into the earth’s orbit. It was an experimental satellite known as BADR-1 that successfully highlighted the potential of low-cost space hardware and techniques. Successful validation of design concepts and testing of technologies gave tremendous confidence to the mission objectives of the programme.

    BADR-1 was a remarkable success story. A mission that was made possible by the vision and dedication of a few scientists and engineers committed to a low-cost satellite demonstration. The satellite performed as per design in all its modes of operation in orbit which had been completely simulated on site prior to the launch. This led to the tuning of the feasibility study for an earth observation satellite, which had been carried out earlier in 1986 to meet the updated needs.
    The success of the very first satellite provided a tremendous boost to the confidence level of the technicians and the engineering personnel involved in the project. The satellite had been launched into an elliptical orbit and performance of the communication systems at apogee and perigee opened new avenues for future communication missions. Recently, a network named O3b has been launched into an elliptical orbit to provide broadband Internet connectivity through a constellation of eight satellites, four of which have already been launched.

    BADR-1 was a free-flying mass of about 52 kilogrammes and was adequately equipped to meet telemetry and telecommand needs. Satisfactory performance had enabled the team to prepare for a follow-on satellite with more demanding goals. The follow-on satellite, known as BADR-B, was to carry a charged-coupled device (CCD) camera on-board for Earth imaging. This required a highly stable platform and earth pointing mechanism. Fortunately, the success of the first satellite had earned sufficiently reasonable reputation to attract the attention of the European Space Agency and the UK Space Agency’s Rutherford Appleton Laboratories to contribute to radiation dosimetery and depth of discharge experiments and CCD camera payload. This was a tremendous boost as no university or institute in the country was in a position to take part. This was an important step seeking international cooperation. Acquiring launch from the Russian Space Agency was also the first such initiative to materialise.

    On the national level, prototyping of the honeycomb structure was carried out in cooperation with the Pakistan Council of Scientific and Industrial Research laboratories, while PCBs were prepared by the National Institute of Electronics, and the National Silicon Institute was encouraged to do some solar cell testing. A software house from Karachi was contracted to develop the ground control and tracking system software. A comprehensive tracking, telemetry and telecommand station was set up in Lahore with the facility to acquire imaging data and tracking satellites in low earth orbits.
    BADR-1 had been conceived in the wake of Pakistan’s communication satellite system, PAKSAT, and its main purpose was to train adequate manpower and develop necessary infrastructure to undertake the satellite project for domestic communication needs of the country. When the government showed its inability to support the PAKSAT project, a 10-year plan for in-house development of an earth observation satellite, an all weather remote sensing satellite and a low capacity communication satellite was presented. This plan was in line with the original objectives of human resources development, infrastructure augmentation, industrialisation and involvement of the academia in research and development. It is clearly understood that no progress could be made without taking control of your resources and making your own decisions. You can’t expect to make progress on borrowed technologies and products. Proper utilisation of trained manpower is therefore key to progress, integrity and national security.

    We are fortunate that after more than 50 years, space holds the same fascination today and continues to do so in a more and more enchanting manner. Small satellites have become Cubesats, Nanosats and soon Picosats to catch the imagination of even schoolchildren. It is about time that Pakistani students at the college level, at least, were involved in such projects. On the other hand, small satellite systems are actively pursued for diverse concepts such as providing low-cost remote sensing data products at unprecedented revisit rates, and manifesting novel sensors as hosted payloads for national security and natural disaster mitigation.

    The writer is a former Chairman of Suparco. He was the Project Director PAKSAT Project as well as BADR-1/B Satellite projects

    Published in The Express Tribune, July 22nd, 2014.

    http://tribune.com.pk/story/738900/l...space-history/

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